Installing LuCI on uHTTPd
This installs the essentials of the Web User Interface LuCI. See "
opkg update && opkg list luci-*" for all available packages to administer OpenWrt through LuCI.
opkg update opkg install luci
opkg install luci-ssl # enable https for luci
The basic LuCI web user interface is in English. However, it is being actively translated into many languages by volunteers. See http://i18n.luci.subsignal.org/pootle/ and get involved! For a list of available packages, do
opkg list | grep luci-i18n-
You will see a list of the available language packages. To install your native language, do e.g.
opkg install luci-i18n-hungarian
You can also install language packs utilizing the WebInterface and you can install multiple LuCI language packs at the same time and switch between them in the LuCI-WebInterface or by editing the file →
The web server software uHTTPd is a dependency of the LuCI package and is automatically installed when you install LuCI. After installation the web server is not running! You need to manually start the web server. You should also enable the web server, so that it automatically starts up whenever you reboot the router. The first command below starts the web server, the second enables it across reboots.
/etc/init.d/uhttpd start /etc/init.d/uhttpd enable
Now you should be able to connect to the web server serving LuCI at http://192.168.1.1.
LuCI is installed as a 'meta package' which installs several other packages by having these defined as a dependency. Notably, it installs the uHTTPd web server, configured for use with LuCI. The dependent packages are the following (see the LuCI technical reference for more information):
In case you want to use uHTTPd for the web interface there is little configuration necessary as uHTTPd is configured with CGI to make LuCI work with the Lua interpreter. By default this is organised as follows. By default
/www is the standard document root. Thus, by requesting this docroot (by pointing your browser to the devices IP address) an index file such as
index.html is searched for (per uHTTPd settings). The file
/www/index.html (installed with LuCI) is prepared such that when requested, it redirects you to
/cgi-bin/luci, which is the default CGI gateway for LuCI. This is just a script, which basically calls Lua at
/usr/bin/lua. uhttpd is configured by default to load pages as CGI in the
/cgi-bin path, and thus starts serving these pages with the
It is also possible to run LuCI with Lua as an embedded process. uhttpd supports this; see the corresponding section of the uHTTPd Web Server Configuration article on the UCI configuration of uhttpd.
Download and transfer (e.g. using SCP) the packages listed below to your OpenWrt router onto the RAM disk in
mkdir -p /tmp/luci-offline-packages; cd /tmp/luci-offline-packages
and install them with:
for pkg in liblua lua libuci-lua libubus-lua uhttpd luci-lib-ipkg luci-i18n-english luci-sgi-cgi luci-lib-core luci-lib-nixio luci-lib-sys luci-lib-web luci-proto-core luci-theme-base luci-theme-openwrt luci-mod-admin-core luci-mod-admin-full; do opkg install /tmp/luci-offline-packages/$pkg*.ipk; done
Additionally, the following packages are needed for basic wireless configuration: libiw, libiwinfo, libiwinfo-lua.
If you want to configure Luci webserver for secure access, read the explanation here.