User Tools

Site Tools


toh:bt:homehub_v2b

BT HomeHub 2.0 Type B

Black boxes given away with a bt broadband subscription. It comes in two versions Type A and Type B. The two versions look identical, and although they provide similar functionality, they are quite different on the inside.

Type A is made by Thomson, and is broadcom based, using Thomson linux based firmware. Type B is made by SHC (Siemens), and is Infineon/Lantiq Danube based, using OpenRG based linux firmware. Bootloader is u-boot.

The homehub V2 includes ADSL2+, 802.11b/g/n wireless, host USB port, 4 wired ethernet ports, DECT, FXS & FXO ports and VOIP functionality.

The firmware of both units can be successfully hacked for use on other ISPs (see http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk/). The Type A firmware is a litlte more flexible than the Type B firmware in terms of what can be done after gaining access. However, the Type B can be made to work with OpenWRT.

Supported Versions

Version/Model Launch Date S/N OpenWrt Version Supported Model Specific Notes
Type A - ? -
Type B - Barrier Breaker 14.07 -

Attitude Adjustment contained a profile for the Type B, but support was incomplete. A community build exists of trunk version 34686 (ie a snapshot shortly before the Attitude Adjustment release). See http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk/ for details.

The Type B is supported in Barrier Breaker. That is to say, router/modem functionality is fully working. Telephony (DECT and FXO/FXS) is not supported.

Hardware Highlights

CPU Ram Flash Ethernet USB Wireless Serial JTag VOIP FXS
Lantiq Danube@333MHz 64MB 32MB NAND+512k NOR 4 yes 11ng yes ??? yes yes

Installation

These instructions assume you are installing Barrier Breaker 14.07 final release, or a recent trunk build (from r42316 onwards). Earlier versions require a different installation procedure.

They also assume you have already unblocked your Home Hub 2B, have updated uboot and have access to the uboot console. If you have not yet done this, see Support and Links section.

The main main flash memory on the Home Hub 2B is nand, not nor, Because of this, ubi is used for bad block management on the root partition. So a squashfs/ubifs overlay is used instead of the standard squashfs/jffs2 overlay image used on most other routers, Similarly, a ubifs image is used instead of a jffs2 image. Also, whereas for most routers OpenWRT consists of a single image containing the the kernel and root filesystem concatenated, for the Home Hub there are two separate files to be flashed, one for the kernel, the other for the (ubinized) root filesytem.

You will need the following files:

openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage (kernel image to install)

openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage-initramfs (initramfs image, used only during the installation process)

plus one of the following root filesystem images:

openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-squashfs-ubinized.bin (squashfs/ubifs overlay)

openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-ubifs-ubinized.bin (ubifs)

The following instructions assume you are using the overlay image. Simply replace openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-squashfs-ubinized.bin with openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-ubifs-ubinized.bin if you prefer to use the pure ubifs image.

Copy kernel images to your tftpboot folder:

  cp openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage-initramfs /var/lib/tftpboot/
  cp openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage /var/lib/tftpboot/

Erase the nand flash, preserving only the first 0x4000 bytes which contain calibration data for the wireless card. Then flash the kernel image. From the uboot prompt on the Home Hub:

  tftpboot 81000000 openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage
  nand erase 0x004000 0x1ffC000
  nand write 81000000 0x004000 0x200000

DO NOT BOOT THIS IMAGE YET! Instead, load the ramdisk image and boot that:

  tftpboot 81000000 openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage-initramfs
  bootm 81000000

VERY IMPORTANT! The above lines are only for the very first time that you install a ubi-enabled image. On subsequent occasions you should not erase the whole nand, only the kernel partition, otherwise wear leveling data for the ubi partition will be lost. So for subsequent installs the above five lines become:

  tftpboot 81000000 openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage
  nand erase 0x004000 0x200000
  nand write 81000000 0x004000 0x200000
  tftpboot 81000000 openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-uImage-initramfs
  bootm 81000000

Now use the ramdisk image to flash the root filesystem. Log in to a console on the Home Hub, make sure that the dropbearkey process has finished running and enable ssh by setting a root password.

From the PC, copy the ubinized root filesystem image to the Home Hub (download pscp and use "pscp -scp" instead of just "scp" if you are using Windows):

  scp openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-squashfs-ubinized.bin root@192.168.1.1:/tmp

On the Home Hub, format the ubi partition using the ubi image just copied:

  ubidetach -p /dev/mtd7
  ubiformat /dev/mtd7 -f /tmp/openwrt-lantiq-xway-BTHOMEHUBV2B-squashfs-ubinized.bin
  reboot

To boot into OpenWRT automatically, the uboot environment needs to be set up to execute the following commands automatically on power on:

  nand read 81000000 0x004000 0x200000
  bootm 81000000

You can add this boot options using uboot-envtools package. If this is not already the case, interrupt the boot process and execute them manually from the uboot prompt.

Alternative adsl firmware

The default openwrt-supplied adsl firmware works well for the majority of people. If, however, you're using a POTS (Annex-A) connection and you suffer from frequent adsl disconnections, it may be worth trying out replacing the standard firmware blob (/lib/firmware/ltq-dsl-fw-a-danube.bin, md5sum: a6c7836e2cc3d26172b15e4732ae636f) with the original BT-distributed firmware blob (md5sum: a8a49c615da9453fe790073c224c5e58). This method has cured the "adsl disconnections" problem for the author of this section, and is documented at http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=68 (you can download the BT-distributed firmware blob from that location too).

Following the sad closure of http://psidoc.com, the best source of support is probably http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk.

Instructions on how to obtain access to the bootloader can be found here: http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=6

The unofficial patches used to generate the first fully working images and a community build of trunk r34686 using them can be found here: http://openwrt.ebilan.co.uk/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=3

For reference, the initial work done to get OpenWRT running on the Home Hub 2B is available here:

http://sourceforge.net/projects/hh2b4ever/

https://sourceforge.net/p/hh2b4ever/code/ci/7c17843ab0596dccb2bd972ed9df6c4ccd9995a8/tree/

Firmware

NAND Flash Layout

NAND - 32 Mbytes:
0x00000000-0x00004000 : "Atheros EEPROM"
0x00004000-0x00E04000 : "OpenRG Image 1"
0x00E04000-0x00F00000 : ? (empty)
0x00F00000-0x01D00000 : "OpenRG Image 2 (empty)"
0x01D00000-0x01E00000 : ? (empty)
0x01E00000-0x02000000 : "Dect configuration? (empty)"

NOR Flash Layout

NOR - 512k:
0x00000000-0x00040000 : first u-boot
0x00040000-0x00050000 : u-boot stored config
0x00050000-0x00060000 : RG conf 1 16k
0x00060000-0x00070000 : RG conf 2 16k
0x00070000-0x00080000 : RG factory conf 16k

Flash Details

NOR: PHYS_FLASH_1 0xB0000000 16 bit in EBU region 0 NAND: PHYS_FLASH_2 0xB4000000 Sector size 256 nand max floors 1 nand max chips 1 in EBU region 1

Hardware

Info

Architecture: MIPS
Vendor: Lantiq
Bootloader: U-Boot
System-On-Chip: Lantiq Danube PSB-S 50712 (MIPS 24Kec)
CPU/Speed: 333 MHz Dual Core
NOR Flash: Spansion S29AL004D 4MiB
NAND Flash: Samsung K9F5608U0D-JIB0 32MiB
RAM Chip: Samsung K4H511638F
RAM Specs: 64 MiB
Wireless: Atheros 9160-BC1A 802.11b/g/n, pci, 0x18000000, irq 22
Ethernet: Infineon AD9669I
USB: Yes
DECT: SiTel SC14488
Slic: Teridian 73m1966, Infineon Vinetic PEF4268F 'Ringing SLIC with Integrated DC/DC Converter'
Serial: Yes
JTAG: ?

Photos

Serial

In the photos above, wires are soldered on to the 3.3v serial lines.

The connections are:

Top GND
Middle Rx
Bottom Tx

Note that the original u-boot has 'silent' mode enabled

GPIOs

The CPU has 2 x 16 possible GPIO pins.
For each pin there are control bits:
DIR: direction (0=input, 1=output)
IN/OUT: value read from/written to pin
ALTSEL0/ALTSEL1: function multiplexed to the pin (see pinctrl driver)
OD: 0=open drain, 1='normal mode' push-pull
PUDSEL: pullup/down select (1=up)
PUDEN: pullup/down enable (1=enabled)

uboot initial values

bit diroutaltsel0altsel1odpudselpudenusage
- 70 FF7301FF0000-
GPIO-000 in 1 1 1 1 0 0
GPIO-010 in 1 1 0 1 0 0 FXO Interrupt
GPIO-020 in 1 0 0 1 0 0 Reset button
GPIO-031 out 1 0 0 1 0 0 CLK-OUT2 - (25mhz for amd9669i? - danube_clock.c in u-boot)
GPIO-041 out1 1 0 1 0 0 - stp-st (maybe also likely boot clock select 1 = 36mhz)
GPIO-051 out1 1 0 1 0 0 - stp-d
GPIO-061 out1 1 0 1 0 0 - stp-sh
GPIO-070 in 1 0 0 1 0 0 -
namediroutaltsel0altsel1odpudselpudenusage
- 26 FB3802774848-
GPIO-080 in 1 0 0 1 0 0
GPIO-091 out1 0 1 1 0 0 - FXO Chip Select
GPIO-101 out0 0 0 1 0 0 - FXO reset
GPIO-110 in 1 1 0 0 1 1 - pulled up
GPIO-120 in 1 1 0 1 0 0
GPIO-131 out1 1 0 1 0 0 - USB Power
GPIO-140 in 1 0 0 1 1 1 -
GPIO-150 in 1 0 0 0 0 0 - find handset button
namediroutaltsel0altsel1odpudselpudenusage
- BE D78700FC5050-
GPIO-160 in 1 1 0 0 0 0 -
GPIO-171 out1 1 0 0 0 0 -
GPIO-181 out1 1 0 1 0 0 -
GPIO-191 out0 0 0 1 0 0 -
GPIO-201 out1 0 0 1 1 1 - pulled up
GPIO-211 out0 0 0 1 0 0 - PCI Reset
GPIO-220 in 1 0 0 1 1 1 - wps button pulled up
GPIO-231 out1 1 0 1 0 0 - likely endian select 0=little
namediroutaltsel0altsel1odpudselpudenusage
- FB 3F8B04E30808-
GPIO-241 out1 1 0 1 0 0 -
GPIO-251 out1 1 0 1 0 0 -
GPIO-260 in 1 0 1 0 0 0 -
GPIO-271 out1 1 0 0 1 1 - pulled up
GPIO-281 out1 0 0 0 0 0 - SC14488 dect chip reset
GPIO-291 out1 0 0 1 0 0 - pci-req1
GPIO-301 out0 0 0 1 0 0 - pci-gnt1
GPIO-311 out0 1 0 1 0 0 -

USB Power? 13

from original bootlog: FXO reset using GPIO-10 FXO interrupt using GPIO-1 FXO Chip Select using GPIO-9

from u-boot, initial values are:

INIT_VAL_P0_DIR 2670
INIT_VAL_P0_OUT FBFF
INIT_VAL_P0_ALTSEL0 3873
INIT_VAL_P0_ALTSEL1 0201
INIT_VAL_P0_OD 77FF
INIT_VAL_P0_PUDSEL 4800
INIT_VAL_P0_PUDEN 4800
GPIO1
INIT_VAL_P1_DIR FBBE
#ifdef CONFIG_SHC_BT_PORTA_HW_SPIN1
#define INIT_VAL_P1_OUT 0x00002FD7
#else
#define INIT_VAL_P1_OUT 0x00003FD7
#endif
INIT_VAL_P1_ALTSEL0 8B87
INIT_VAL_P1_ALTSEL1 0400
INIT_VAL_P1_OD E3FC
INIT_VAL_P1_PUDSEL 0850
INIT_VAL_P1_PUDEN 0850

The board provides a further 24? GPOs (for leds) controlled by stp.

Buttons

PortBitKey
02Restart
015Find handset
16Wireless association

All buttons are active low.

There is also a recessed reset button. If anyone can find out what gpio it is connected to, please update this page.

LEDS

Near the 11 leds, there are two HC595: 8-Bit Serial-Input/Serial or Parallel-Output Shift Register with Latched 3-State Outputs (http://pdf1.alldatasheet.com/datasheet-pdf/view/46165/SLS/HC595.html)

The leds are grouped
3 for Power
3 for Broadband
2 for phone
2 for wireless
1 for upgrading

LED control base address is 0xBE100BB0 which correlates with ltq_register_gpio_stp.

NameColourbit
Upgrading Orange= bit 13 (213 with 200 base added)
Phone Orange = bit 14 (214)
Blue = bit 15 (215)
Wireless Orange = bit 16 (216)
Blue = bit 17 (217)
Broadband Red = bit 18 (218)
Orange = bit 19 (219)
Blue = bit 20 (220)
Power Red = bit 21 (221)
Orange = bit 22 (222)
Blue = bit 23 (223)

Wireless

Atheros 9160-BC1A 802.11b/g/n, pci, 0x18000000, irq 22, slot 14
Marked as device 168C:FF1C

The calibration data is stored in the first 0x4000 bytes of the nand
the first 0x60 of these contain PCI register fixups, organised as Reg16:Value32. These need to be written to the PCI register space BEFORE the PCI device is probed… Support for this is now in trunk (Barrier Breaker).

unfortunately, wireless (PCI) and NAND (EBU) interact. for the moment, PCI gets inhibited while the nand chip is selected; I felt it better to have some wireless degradation rather than file system corruption.

FXO/FXS

The FXO/FXS interface for telephony is a combination of Teridian 73m1966 and Infineon Vinetic PEF4268F 'Ringing SLIC with Integrated DC/DC Converter', for which some drivers are available. I believe that as I write, some work may be being done on using SIP with the telephone interfaces.

DECT

The DECT modem (SiTel SC14488) is a processor in it's own right. It is connected to ttyLTQ0, and also to Danube PCM Lines? We would need firmware to run within the SiTel modem to talk to the Dect phones, and to understand the protocols on the serial control, as well as implement the PCM communication (which seems to be DMAed). There is an un-populated site for a serial eeprom? - so the firmware must be programmed by the main cpu at startup.

Although we have the original BT firmware for the DECT modem, there is little or no information regarding how this may be controlled. The control seems to be done from within the OpenRG application, for which we have no source.

Tags

toh/bt/homehub_v2b.txt · Last modified: 2014/12/09 10:05 by Reflected_God