Linksys NSLU2

The Linksys NSLU2 (a.k.a. SLUG) is a network attached storage device based on the IXP42x processor clocked at 133/266MHz. Is provided with a 2.0A 5V power supply.

Supported Versions

Version/Model Launch Date S/N OpenWrt Version Supported Model Specific Notes
vx 2006-07 - Kamikaze 7.06 133MHz; can be easily "de-underclocked"
vy 2006-07 - Kamikaze 7.06 266MHz

Hardware Highlights

SoC Ram Flash Network USB Serial JTag
Intel IXP42x@266MHz 32MiB 8MiB 1x100 2x2.0 Yes Yes

Installation

  1. »»»»here»»»»Latest OpenWrt release««««here««««

Flash Layout

Please check out the article Flash Layout. It contains an example and a couple of explanations.

Alternative firmware

The NSLU2 has an active user community around it at http://www.nslu2-linux.org. It is based upon Debian with all the bloat. The developers there "bless" OpenWrt as the firmware of choice for people who want to run all their applications from the internal flash memory only (i.e. with no external storage at all). Actually there are several popular firmware distros available; most contrast OpenWrt's minimalist philosophy. OpenWrt is for people who would rather spend their time adding the wanted features than deleting unwanted ones.

Status of the Port

In case of problems, things to look out for are:

  • The default IP is the one that is set in the NVRAM, so OpenWrt will boot up with the IP it had under the former firmware. This is not the default for other Kamikaze platforms! Note: This is not true for Kamikaze SVN (tested with r8003). Note2: On upslugging the default IP of NSLU2 is 192.168.1.77 (the same as the factory, Unslung and SlugOS behaviour) as of 08-2007. As of 8.09 RC1 the default IP is 192.168.1.1.
  • Tip for dealing with 8.09 RC1 defaulting to 192.168.1.1 . If your router uses the same IP address, you can use arp to let you connect to the NSLU2. For example, run "arp -s 192.168.1.1 00:04:5a:aa:bb:cc" (using your NSLU2s MAC address) on your client machine. Once you telnet to the NSLU2, edit /etc/config/network to change the IP, and run /sbin/reboot to restart the device, you can reset your arp table by running "arp -d 192.168.1.1"
  • After initial installation with the squashfs firmware, it can take up to five minutes to initialize the jffs2 payload partition. I would wait at least this time before you reboot it forcefully (although unplugging it while it is initializing didn't harm it in my tests)
  • The status LED indication differs from openslug. It is always amber for me (whereas openslug turns green after bootup is complete). This might confuse users migrating from openslug.

Reported success

You can download the image from the OpenWrt 'Kamikaze' 7.06 dir http://downloads.openwrt.org/kamikaze/7.06/ixp4xx-2.6/openwrt-nslu2-2.6-squashfs.bin. Then install the upslug2 utility. Many distributions already include it in their package management. You will find more information on the topic on the excellect NSLU2-Linux wiki http://www.nslu2-linux.org/, specific information on upslug2 is at http://www.nslu2-linux.org/wiki/Main/UpSlug. Then set the NSLU2 into upgrade mode. To do this, make sure the NSLU2 is turned off. Then press the reset button with a paper clip or small screwdriver and keep it pressed. Turn the NSLU2 on. The "Ready/Status" led will be yellow. When it changes to a reddish amber shade, immediately release the reset button. If it flashes an alternating amber and green, you have succeded (if not, unplug and try again). Now upslug2 should find the nslu2 over the LAN and display the information. Install the image with upslug2 -i filename. It will flash and verify the upload and then reboot automatically - this is what I call a comfortable firmware interface :)

The NSLU2 will take a few minutes to initialize the JFFS2 partition, don't reboot if you cannot access it immediately. It will start up using the network parameters that are stored in the NVRAM partition, so it will default to DHCP (I think) if not setup differently. If you have set a fixed IP address under the original firmware or a previous Linux distribution, OpenWrt will retain this. Try telnet and ping to access it. Then follow the standard Kamikaze installation procedures.

After flashing the device was reachable under 192.168.1.1.

  • Installed OpenWrt 'Backfire' 10.03 on stock NSLU2 without any problems and works great. Added "option gateway xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx" and "option dns xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx" to "option ipaddr xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx", "option netmask xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx", and "option proto static" and kept the static setup with actual desired IP address. — OddballHero 2011/01/31 12:57
  • I installed OpenWrt 'Backfire' 10.03.1-RC on my NSLU2, and it works just fine. — Georg Sorst 2011/01/18 00:18
  • Installed OpenWrt 'Attitude Adjustment' 12.09, r36088 on my NSLU2. Worked like a charm ! — MascH 2014/01/07 23:37

Basic configuration

Since this part is identical for all devices, see Basic configuration.

Connect stuff to the USB port

To connect stuff to the USB port, please see Connect stuff to the USB port.

Samba3 sample smb.conf

cifs.server

For system that will interact with the other OS, it might be worth it to install samba3 instead of samba-server. Sample smb.conf for samba3 (please modify to fit your security needs and system requirements):

[global]
        netbios name = OpenWrt
        workgroup = WORKGROUP
        server string = NSLU2 OpenWrt Samba Server
        syslog = 10
        encrypt passwords = true
        passdb backend = smbpasswd
        obey pam restrictions = yes
        socket options = TCP_NODELAY
        unix charset = ISO-8859-1
        preferred master = yes
        os level = 20
        security = share
        guest account = root
        invalid users = guest
        smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

[HDD_1_1_1]
        comment = NSLU2 OpenWRT HD 1
        available = yes
        browseable = yes
        public = yes
        writeable = yes
        create mask = 0777
        path = /mnt/drive1
        read only = no
        guest ok = yes

Leds and Beeps

Backfire 10.03 has most of the lights turned off (except for Ethernet) so use either the Luci web management (Administration→System→LED Configuration) feature (works quite well) or edit the /etc/config/system. GPIO Connections: http://www.nslu2-linux.org/wiki/Info/GPIOConnections has some information to help with the setup. Sample /etc/config/system entry:

config 'led'
      option 'name' 'GPIO2'
      option 'sysfs' 'nslu2:green:disk-2'
      option 'default' '1'
      option 'trigger' 'default-on'
Where additional choices for sysfs are 'nslu2:green:disk-1', 'nslu2:green:ready', and 'nslu2:red:status'.

Failsafe mode

generic.failsafe

  • Unplug the router's power cord.
  • Connect the router's LAN1 port directly to your PC.
  • Configure your PC with a static IP address: 192.168.1.x/24
  • Plug the power on and wait for the DMZ LED to light up.
  • While the DMZ LED is on immediately repeatedly press one of the buttons (Reset button or Secure Easy Setup button) until the DMZ LED will quickly flash 3 times every second.
  • You should be able to telnet to the router at 192.168.1.1 now (no username and password)

Buttons

The Linksys NSLU2 has one button. See nslu2.hardware.button for some options with that. - shut down via power button ( https://forum.openwrt.org/viewtopic.php?id=25253 )

Hardware

Info

Link dump

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toh/linksys/nslu2.txt · Last modified: 2014/01/07 23:39 by masch