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toh:linksys:nslu2 [2013/07/03 09:52]
lorema cleaned up
toh:linksys:nslu2 [2016/03/07 07:44] (current)
xpact [Reported success]
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 +====== Linksys NSLU2 ======
 +The Linksys NSLU2 (a.k.a. SLUG) is a network attached storage device based on the IXP42x processor clocked at 133/266MHz. Is provided with a 2.0A 5V power supply.
 +===== Supported Versions =====
 +^ Version/​Model ^ Launch Date ^ S/N ^ OpenWrt Version Supported ^ Model Specific Notes ^
 +| vx   ​| ​ 2006-07 ​ | - |  Kamikaze 7.06  | 133MHz; can be easily "​de-underclocked"​ |
 +| vy   ​| ​ 2006-07 ​ | - |  Kamikaze 7.06  | 266MHz ​                                 |
 +===== Hardware Highlights =====
 +^ SoC ^ Ram ^ Flash ^ Network ^ USB ^ Serial ^ JTag ^
 +| Intel IXP42x@266MHz | 32MiB | 8MiB | 1x100 | 2x2.0 | Yes | Yes |
 +===== Installation =====
 +  - → [[doc:​howto:​obtain.firmware]]
 +  - → [[doc:​howto:​generic.flashing|Install OpenWrt]]
 +  - → **»»»»here»»»»[[about/​latest|Latest OpenWrt release]]««««here««««**
 +==== Flash Layout ====
 +Please check out the article [[doc:​techref:​Flash.Layout]]. It contains an example and a couple of explanations.
 +==== Alternative firmware ====
 +The NSLU2 has an active user community around it at http://​ It is based upon [[wp>​Debian]] with all the bloat. The developers there "​bless"​ OpenWrt as the firmware of choice for people who want to run all their applications from the internal flash memory only (i.e. with no external storage at all). Actually there are several popular firmware distros available; most contrast OpenWrt'​s minimalist philosophy. OpenWrt is for people who would rather spend their time adding the wanted features than deleting unwanted ones.
 +==== Status of the Port ====
 +In case of problems, things to look out for are:
 +  * The default IP is the one that is set in the NVRAM, so OpenWrt will boot up with the IP it had under the former firmware. This is not the default for other Kamikaze platforms! Note: This is not true for Kamikaze SVN (tested with r8003). Note2: On upslugging the default IP of NSLU2 is (the same as the factory, Unslung and SlugOS behaviour) as of 08-2007. As of 8.09 RC1 the default IP is
 +  * Tip for dealing with 8.09 RC1 defaulting to . If your router uses the same IP address, you can use arp to let you connect to the NSLU2. For example, run "arp -s ​ 00:​04:​5a:​aa:​bb:​cc"​ (using your NSLU2s MAC address) on your client machine. Once you telnet to the NSLU2, edit /​etc/​config/​network to change the IP, and run /​sbin/​reboot to restart the device, you can reset your arp table by running "arp -d"​
 +  * After initial installation with the squashfs firmware, it can take up to five minutes to initialize the jffs2 payload partition. I would wait at least this time before you reboot it forcefully (although unplugging it while it is initializing didn't harm it in my tests)
 +  * The status LED indication differs from openslug. It is always amber for me (whereas openslug turns green after bootup is complete). This might confuse users migrating from openslug.
 +==== Reported success ​ ====
 +You can download the image from the **OpenWrt '​Kamikaze'​ 7.06** dir http://​​kamikaze/​7.06/​ixp4xx-2.6/​openwrt-nslu2-2.6-squashfs.bin. Then install the upslug2 utility. Many distributions already include it in their package management. You will find more information on the topic on the excellect NSLU2-Linux wiki http://​,​ specific information on upslug2 is at http://​​wiki/​Main/​UpSlug. Then set the NSLU2 into upgrade mode. To do this, make sure the NSLU2 is turned off. Then press the reset button with a paper clip or small screwdriver and keep it pressed. Turn the NSLU2 on. The "​Ready/​Status"​ led will be yellow. When it changes to a reddish amber shade, immediately release the reset button. If it flashes an alternating amber and green, you have succeded (if not, unplug and try again). Now //upslug2// should find the nslu2 over the LAN and display the information. Install the image with //upslug2 -i filename//. It will flash and verify the upload and then reboot automatically - this is what I call a comfortable firmware interface :)
 +The NSLU2 will take a few minutes to initialize the JFFS2 partition, don't reboot if you cannot access it immediately. It will start up using the network parameters that are stored in the NVRAM partition, so it will default to DHCP (I think) if not setup differently. If you have set a fixed IP address under the original firmware or a previous Linux distribution,​ OpenWrt will retain this. Try telnet and ping to access it. Then follow the standard Kamikaze installation procedures.
 +  * I successfully installed **OpenWrt '​Kamikaze'​ 8.09.2** using this image: http://​​kamikaze/​8.09.2/​ixp4xx/​openwrt-nslu2-squashfs.bin. The above "​Installation Instructions"​ are still valid. As i used a Windows PC to flash the NSLU2, i used the Sercomm Flash Utility form here: http://​​wiki/​Main/​SercommFirmwareUpdater .
 +After flashing the device was reachable under
 +  * Installed **OpenWrt '​Backfire'​ 10.03** on stock NSLU2 without any problems and works great. ​ Added "​option gateway"​ and "​option dns"​ to "​option ipaddr",​ "​option netmask",​ and "​option proto static"​ and kept the static setup with actual desired IP address. --- //​OddballHero 2011/01/31 12:57//
 +  * I installed **OpenWrt '​Backfire'​ 10.03.1-RC** on my NSLU2, and it works just fine. --- //Georg Sorst 2011/01/18 00:18//
 +  * Installed **OpenWrt '​Attitude Adjustment'​ 12.09, r36088** on my NSLU2. Worked like a charm !  --- //MascH 2014/01/07 23:37//
 +  * Installed **OpenWrt Barrier Breaker 14.07** on my NSLU2. Works fine ! // r0mulux 2014/10/30 20:53//
 +  * Installed **OpenWrt Chaos Calmer 15.05** on my NSLU2. Works OK ! //xpact 2016/03/07 08:43 //
 +===== Basic configuration =====
 +Since this part is identical for all devices, see [[doc:​howto:​basic.config|Basic configuration]].
 +==== Connect stuff to the USB port ====
 +To connect stuff to the USB port, please see [[doc:​howto:​usb.overview|Connect stuff to the USB port]].
 +For Chaos Calmer you'll need to install the package:
 +kmod-usb2-pci and possibly kmod-usb-ohci-pci
 +==== Samba3 sample smb.conf ====
 +For system that will interact with the other OS, it might be worth it to install samba3 instead of samba-server. Sample smb.conf for samba3 (please modify to fit your security needs and system requirements):​
 +        netbios name = OpenWrt
 +        workgroup = WORKGROUP
 +        server string = NSLU2 OpenWrt Samba Server
 +        syslog = 10
 +        encrypt passwords = true
 +        passdb backend = smbpasswd
 +        obey pam restrictions = yes
 +        socket options = TCP_NODELAY
 +        unix charset = ISO-8859-1
 +        preferred master = yes
 +        os level = 20
 +        security = share
 +        guest account = root
 +        invalid users = guest
 +        smb passwd file = /​etc/​samba/​smbpasswd
 +        comment = NSLU2 OpenWRT HD 1
 +        available = yes
 +        browseable = yes
 +        public = yes
 +        writeable = yes
 +        create mask = 0777
 +        path = /mnt/drive1
 +        read only = no
 +        guest ok = yes
 +==== Leds and Beeps ====
 +Backfire 10.03 has most of the lights turned off (except for Ethernet) so use either the Luci web management (Administration->​System->​LED Configuration) feature (works quite well) or edit the /​etc/​config/​system. GPIO Connections:​ http://​​wiki/​Info/​GPIOConnections has some information to help with the setup. Sample /​etc/​config/​system entry: ​
 +config '​led'​
 +      option '​name'​ '​GPIO2'​
 +      option '​sysfs'​ '​nslu2:​green:​disk-2'​
 +      option '​default'​ '​1'​
 +      option '​trigger'​ '​default-on'​
 +Where additional choices for sysfs are '​nslu2:​green:​disk-1',​ '​nslu2:​green:​ready',​ and '​nslu2:​red:​status'​.
 +==== Failsafe mode ====
 +  * Unplug the router'​s power cord.
 +  * Connect the router'​s LAN1 port directly to your PC.
 +  * Configure your PC with a static IP address: ''​192.168.1.x/​24''​
 +  * Plug the power on and wait for the DMZ LED to light up.
 +  * While the DMZ LED is on immediately repeatedly press one of the buttons (Reset button or Secure Easy Setup button) until the DMZ LED will quickly flash 3 times every second.
 +  * You should be able to telnet to the router at now (no username and password)
 +==== Buttons ====
 +The Linksys NSLU2 has one button. See [[toh:​linksys:​nslu2::​nslu2.hardware.button]] for some options with that.
 +- shut down via power button ( https://​​viewtopic.php?​id=25253 )
 +===== Hardware =====
 +==== Info ====
 +===== Link dump =====
 +  * http://​​wiki/​OpenWrt/​HomePage
 +  * http://​​wiki/​Info/​HomePage
 +  * http://​​wiki/​HowTo/​HomePage
 +===== Tags =====
 +{{tag>​FastEthernet 1NIC 0WNIC no_switch USB 1USB JTAG 32RAM 8Flash ARM ARMv5 XScale}}