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toh:linksys:wrt1900ac [2014/08/01 22:56]
zajec Info about keeping WiFi driver closed
toh:linksys:wrt1900ac [2015/07/30 05:53] (current)
Nitroshift [Corrupt Bootloader Recovery]
Line 1: Line 1:
-====== Linksys ​WRT1900AC ​======+====== Linksys ​WRT1900ac ​======
  
-WRT1900AC was announced on 6th of January 2014 as a router developed ​to be used with OpenWrtDespite Linksys announcement of working with OpenWrt community no patches and no info was shared ​for the next months.+The WRT1900ac is beginning ​to work well with the CC development release, and a new wifi driver has come from Marvel fixing a myriad of problems 
 +  * <​HTML><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold">​Latest Stable Release:</​span></​HTML>​ <​HTML><​span style="​color:​red;​font-sytle:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​ RC3 - <​u>​Recommended</​u> ​for most users.</​span></​HTML>​
  
-  * On the 3rd of April Belkin posted link to ftp server containing patches adding WRT1900AC ​support. They couldn'​t be applied because of being incorrectly posted, not signed off and adding binary wireless driver ''​ap8x.ko''​. +  * Official OpenWRT ​support ​for the WRT1900ac ​started ​under //Chaos Calmer// ​[//CC//]
-  * 5 days later a patchset in the form of single e-mail was posted to the openwrt-devel. It was malformed and not signed off, so still couldn'​t be applied. Release of wireless driver has been postponed. +
-  * Linksys ​started ​shipping on 10th or April +
-  * Wireless driver was [[https://forum.openwrt.org/viewtopic.php?​pid=242104#​p242104|announced to stay closed source]on 30th of July. It'll likely consist of pre-built closed source part (so called "​library"​) and probably some open source file calling kernel APIs.+
  
-At this point it is not possible to compile ​fully working ​(including WiFicustomized OpenWrt build for WRT1900AC.+  * Latest trunk image with 3.18 kernel shows improvement in network performance 
 +      * Many report problems with the nightly builds ​ //(they are not stable)// 
  
-See also [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=230686|Update on Linksys WRT1900AC ​support]] forum thread ​for official ​statement.+ 
 +==== Latest Discussion ==== 
 + 
 +  * Firmware for the WRT1900AC is evolving rapidly; there is good discussion of the current state of the firmware at: 
 +    * [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=274533#​p274533|Late April 2015]] 
 +    * [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​id=50173&​p=266|Late July 2015]] 
 + 
 +=== Current Issues (Trunk) === 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues|WRT1900AC WiFi Bug Reports]] 
 +    - [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues/​20|Wireless goes offline if only one client is left connected]] 
 +    - [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues/​21|Router randomly halts after connect/​disconnect to wireless AP]] 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​dev.openwrt.org|WRT1900AC Bug Reports]] 
 +===== Firmware Images ===== 
 +  * There are several sources for current builds of OpenWRT for the Linksys WRT1900AC
 +      * //Some of these builds do not have the LuCI web GUI installed.//​ To install LuCI, ssh/telnet to the router and follow these directions: [[doc:​howto:​luci.essentials|LuCI Essentials]] 
 +=== RC3 (Recommended) === 
 + 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​As of July 7, 2015, OpenWRT developers have released the third RC of CC.</​span></​html>​ We **//​recommend and encourage//​** the use of //​**this**//​ release as we want to converge on a single base for the purpose of bug reporting and general stability improvements until the official ​release of CC  
 +      * v1 or v2 = the version of the hardware. Please check the hardware version before downloading and installing. Flashing the wrong harware version firmware will likely make the router unusable until recovered. 
 +      * Downloads can be found here: 
 +      * [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc3/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc3-mvebu-armada-xp-linksys-mamba-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1900AC v1]] 
 +      * [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc3/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc3-mvebu-armada-385-linksys-cobra-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1900AC v2]] 
 +      * [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc3/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc3-mvebu-armada-385-linksys-caiman-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1200AC v1]] 
 +        * **Applicable to all RC builds:**// If you receive dependency errors when installing pkgs, it's probably because your opkg.conf is pointing to the trunk repository. To correct this:// 
 +        * <code bash> 
 +rm /​etc/​opkg.conf ; cp /​rom/​etc/​opkg.conf /​etc/​opkg.conf ; opkg update 
 +opkg install <pkg name></​code>​ 
 +          * //If you were able to install select packages from the wrong repository, you may have to manually remove and reinstall them via:// 
 +          * <code bash>​opkg remove <pkg name></​code>​ 
 + 
 +=== Trunk === 
 + 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​Official CC snapshot release from OpenWRT:</​span></​html>​ [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​snapshots/​trunk/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-mvebu-armada-xp-linksys-mamba-squashfs-factory.img|Trunk]] //(This will always have the latest daily trunk build.)// Currently based on 3.18 kernel, it is a bare minimum build so you will have to use opkg to add LuCI and any other extra packages.  
 +    * //Current state of the [[http://​buildbot.OpenWRT.org:​8010/​builders/​mvebu|CC BuildBot]]//​ 
 +   
 +  * <​del>​Lifehacksback evolving snapshots of trunk (both 3.18 and 4.0 kernel builds) [[http://​tinyurl.com/​Lifehacksback-Testing-CC|Lifehacksback Testing CC]]</​del>​  
 +      * //I have taken down my images until the final release of CC is out, **I suggest using RC3**.// 
 + 
 +=== Kaloz'​s Build === 
 + 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​Kaloz'​s evolving snapshots of trunk:</​span></​html>​ (<​del>​includes 4.0 kernel,</​del>​ incorporating latest bug fixes/​features,​ LuCI, plus other packages) [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​people/​kaloz/​|Kaloz'​s Build]] 
 +    * //As of this writing (2015.07.25),​ due to last update being 4/23 on kernel 3.18.11, it is **recommended to use RC3** from July 7//  
 + 
 +=== Revert to Linksys === 
 + 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​00A3FF;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​To revert to Linksys:</​span></​html>​ [[http://​support.linksys.com/​en-us/​support/​routers/​WRT1900AC|OEM Stock Firmware]].  
 +    * //Choose Downloads --> Hardware Version --> download link under Firmware//​ 
 +    * //As of this writing the latest firmware is --> //<​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​flash to 1.1.10</​span></​html> ​   
 +    * Older Firmware [[http://​www.protechs-online.com/​downloads/​FW_WRT1900AC_1.1.8.164461_prod.img|Linksys OEM 1.1.8 Image]] 
 + 
 +-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 +<​sup> ​ <​del>​* Chadster'​s McWRT release of the old AA version [[https://​github.com/​Chadster766/​McWRT|McWRT]]. This was based on Attitude Adjustment code, which is obsolete and not supported anymore by its maintainer.</​del>​ //**Do not use this build**// - any of the builds above supersede it. //*Included only for historical interest*//</​sup>​
  
 ===== Supported Versions ===== ===== Supported Versions =====
-^ Version/​Model ^ Launch Date ^ S/N ^ OpenWrt Version Supported ^ Model Specific Notes ^ +^ Version/ Model ^ Launch Date ^ S/N ^ OpenWrt Version Supported ^ Model Specific Notes ^ 
-| v1   ​|  2014-03 ​ | |  -  | +| v1 - <​html><​span style="​color:#​858585;​font-style:​italic">​Mamba</​span></​html> ​|  2014-03 ​ | XXX10XXXXXXXXX ​|  ​Trunk 43773 (as of 2014-12-25)  ​| ​Kernel 3.18 recommended (better SoC support compared to Chaos Calmer'​s 3.14 kernel)  ​
-v1.1 |  ​2014-x   |  -  | |+v2 - <​html><​span style="​color:#​858585;​font-style:​italic">​Cobra</​span></​html> ​|  ​2015-04  ​XXX20XXXXXXXXX ​|  -  | v2 requires it's own build. //Make sure you are using one labeled **v2**// ​| 
 +<​sup>//​Anything not included in model specific notes, or where a short comment couldn'​t be included on the [[#​notes]].//</​sup>​
  
-**NOTE:** Anything ​not included ​in model specific notes, or where a short comment couldn't be included on the [[#notes]].+=== WRT1900ac === 
 + 
 +    ​[[http://​support.linksys.com/​en-us/​gplcodecenter?​gplsku=#​WRT1900AC|OEM Source Code]] 
 +    ​v1 //vs// v2 [[https://​community.linksys.com/​t5/​Wireless-Routers/​WRT1900AC-V2/​td-p/​940588|Identification]] 
 + 
 +=== WRT1200ac === 
 + 
 +    ​Has similar hardware and needs specific build: "//​Caiman//"​ 
 +===== Hardware ===== 
 + 
 +^ HW Version ^ SoC ^ Ram ^ Flash ^ Network ^ USB ^ Serial ^ JTag ^ eSata ^ 
 +| v1 | Marvell MV78230 | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | | 1x2.0 1x3.0 | Yes | | Yes | 
 +| v2 | Marvell Armada 38X(?) | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | | 1x2.0 1x3.0 | Yes(?) | | Yes | 
 + 
 +=== Specs === 
 + 
 +  ​[[https://​scontent.xx.fbcdn.net/​hphotos-xtf1/​v/​t1.0-9/​11407211_1404208493241367_8209389710117473620_n.jpg?​oh=3c5dc941cd5c0e8092a16b4958ecf1fa&​oe=55FB1D89|Hardware Specs]] 
 + 
 +=== Ports === 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​s3.amazonaws.com/​Justin.Schuhmann/​images/​wrt1900ac+port+layout.png|Layout]] 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +===== Bootlog ===== 
 +=== OEM === 
 + 
 +    * <​HTML>​ 
 +<p style="​padding:​ 10px;​border:​1px solid grey;​height:​300px;​font:​10px/​14px Georgia, Garamond, Serif;​overflow:​Auto;​background-color:#​FFFFFF">​ 
 +<​code>​ 
 +BootROM 1.20 
 +Booting from NAND flash 
 +Step 1: First phase of PEX-PIPE Configuration 
 +Step 2: Configure the desire PIN_PHY_GEN 
 +Step 3 QSGMII enable 
 +Step 4: Configure SERDES MUXes 
 +Step 5: Activate the RX High Impedance Mode 
 +Step 6: [PEX-Only] PEX-Main configuration (X4 or X1) 
 +Step 6.2: [PEX-Only] PCI Express Link Capabilities 
 +Step 7: [PEX-X4 Only] To create PEX-Link 
 +Steps 7,8,9,10 and 11 
 +Steps 12: [PEX-Only] Last phase of PEX-PIPE ConfigurationSteps 13: Wait 15ms before checking resultsSteps 14: [PEX-Only] ​ In order to configureSteps 15: [PEX-On 
 +ly]  In order to configureSteps 16: [PEX-Only] Training Enablestep 17: max_if= 0x7 
 +step 17:  PEX0  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability 
 + ​-->​ 0050 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0050 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ 4C12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX1  pexUnit= 0 
 +step 17:  PEX2  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability 
 + ​-->​ 0040 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0040 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ DC12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX3  pexUnit= 0 
 +PEX3 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x0004DA64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX4  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX4 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00081A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX5  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX5 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00085A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX6  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX6 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00089A64) = 0x00000001 
 +                                                            DDR3 Training Sequence - Ver 4.5.DDR3 Training Sequence - Static MC Init 
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - HW Training Procedure 
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - Switching XBAR Window to FastPath Window 
 +BootROM: Image checksum verification PASSED 
 + 
 + ​__ ​  ​__ ​                     _ _ 
 +|  \/  | __ _ _ ____   ​_____| | | 
 +| |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | | 
 +| |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | | 
 +|_|  |_|\__,​_|_| ​   \_/ \___|_|_| 
 +         ​_ ​  ​_ ​    ​____ ​             _ 
 +        | | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_ 
 +        | | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __| 
 +        | |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_ 
 +         ​\___/ ​   |____/ \___/ \___/ \__| 
 + ** LOADER ** 
 + 
 + 
 +U-Boot 2011.12 (Feb 06 2014 - 17:14:13) Marvell version: v2011.12 2013_Q1.2 
 + 
 +Boot version:​v1.3.25 
 + 
 +Board: RD-AXP-GP rev 1.0 
 +SoC:   ​MV78230 B0 
 +       ​running 2 CPUs 
 +       ​Custom configuration 
 +CPU:   ​Marvell PJ4B (584) v7 (Rev 2) LE 
 +       CPU 0 
 +       ​CPU ​   @ 1200 [MHz] 
 +       ​L2 ​    @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       ​TClock @ 250 [MHz] 
 +       ​DDR ​   @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       DDR 32Bit Width, FastPath Memory Access 
 +       DDR ECC Disabled 
 +DRAM:  256 MiB 
 + 
 +Map:   ​Code: ​           0x0fea7000:​0x0ff5e2d4 
 +       ​BSS: ​            ​0x0ffefd80 
 +       ​Stack: ​          ​0x0f9a6ef8 
 +       ​Heap: ​           0x0f9a7000:​0x0fea7000 
 + 
 +NAND:  Spansion 1Gb(ID=F101) 128 MiB 
 +MMC:   ​MRVL_MMC:​ 0 
 +Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 +nand_read_bbt:​ Bad block at 0x000001ca0000 
 + 
 + 
 +#### auto_recovery #### 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == yes 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == yes 
 +[u_env] get boot_part == 1 
 +[u_env] get boot_part_ready == 3 
 +auto_recovery enabled:1, boot_part:​1,​ boot_part_ready:​3 
 + 
 +[boot_count_read] block:​0x140000,​ size:256KB, records:​128 
 +[boot_count_read_record] boot_count:​2,​ next_record:​42 
 + 
 +[boot_count_write] erase:0, auto_recovery->​block_offset:​0x140000 
 + 
 +Updating boot_count ... 
 +[boot_count_write] offset:​0x155000 , length:​2048 
 +done 
 + 
 +PEX 0.0(0): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.1(1): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 1.1 
 +PEX 0.2(2): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.3(3): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.0(4): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.1(5): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.2(6): Detected No Link. 
 + 
 +boot_end Offset: 0x100000 
 +u_env_off Offset: 0x100000 
 +s_env_off Offset: 0x140000 
 +devinfo Offset: 0x900000 
 + 
 +=================== 
 +total_badCount:​ 0 
 +boot_badCount:​ 0 
 +u_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +s_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +buff_badCount:​ 0 
 +=================== 
 + 
 +FPU initialized to Run Fast Mode. 
 +USB 0: Host Mode 
 +USB 1: Host Mode 
 +USB 2: Device Mode 
 +Modules Detected: 
 +mvEthE6171SwitchBasicInit finished 
 +Net:   ​mvSysNetaInit enter 
 +set port 0 to rgmii enter 
 +set port 1 to rgmii enter 
 +egiga0 [PRIME], egiga1 
 +modify Phy Status 
 +auto_recovery_check changes bootcmd: run nandboot 
 +Hit any key to stop autoboot: ​ 0 
 + 
 +NAND read: device 0 offset 0xa00000, size 0x400000 
 + ​4194304 bytes read: OK 
 +## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 02000000 ... 
 +   Image Name:   ​Linux-3.2.40 
 +   ​Created: ​     2014-06-20 ​ 21:50:04 UTC 
 +   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed) 
 +   Data Size:    3856032 Bytes = 3.7 MiB 
 +   Load Address: 00008000 
 +   Entry Point: ​ 00008000 
 +   ​Verifying Checksum ... OK 
 +   ​Loading Kernel Image ... OK 
 +OK 
 + 
 +Starting kernel ... 
 + 
 +Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel. 
 +Booting Linux on physical CPU 0 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpuset 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpu 
 +Linux version 3.2.40 (root@build-vm) (gcc version 4.6.4 20120731 (prerelease) (Linaro GCC branch-4.6.4. Marvell GCC 201301-1645.aee66e26) ) #1 SMP Fri Jun 20 14 
 +:49:46 PDT 2014 
 +CPU: Marvell PJ4Bv7 Processor [562f5842] revision 2 (ARMv7), cr=10c53c7d 
 +CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, PIPT instruction cache 
 +Machine: Marvell Armada XP GP Board 
 +Using UBoot passing parameters structure 
 +Reserving training memory: base=0x ​ (null) size=0x2800 
 +Memory policy: ECC disabled, Data cache writealloc 
 +SMP: init cpus 
 +PERCPU: Embedded 7 pages/cpu @c09c7000 s6944 r8192 d13536 u32768 
 +Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 65024 
 +Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,​115200 mtdparts=armada-nand:​1024K(uboot)ro,​256K(u_env),​256K(s_env),​1m@9m(devinfo),​40m@10m(kernel),​37m@13m(rootfs),​40m@50m(alt 
 +_kernel),​37m@53m(alt_rootfs),​80m@10m(ubifs),​-@90m(syscfg) root=/​dev/​mtdblock5 ro rootfstype=jffs2 init=/​sbin/​init 
 +PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes) 
 +Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +allocated 1048576 bytes of page_cgroup 
 +please try '​cgroup_disable=memory'​ option if you don't want memory cgroups 
 +Memory: 256MB = 256MB total 
 +Memory: 250768k/​250768k available, 11376k reserved, 0K highmem 
 +Virtual kernel memory layout: 
 +    vector ​ : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000 ​  ​( ​  4 kB) 
 +    fixmap ​ : 0xfff00000 - 0xfffe0000 ​  ( 896 kB) 
 +    vmalloc : 0xd0800000 - 0xfa800000 ​  ( 672 MB) 
 +    lowmem ​ : 0xc0000000 - 0xd0000000 ​  ( 256 MB) 
 +    pkmap   : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000 ​  ​( ​  2 MB) 
 +    modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000 ​  ​( ​ 14 MB) 
 +      .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc06fcf4c ​  (7124 kB) 
 +      .init : 0xc06fd000 - 0xc0733b20 ​  ( 219 kB) 
 +      .data : 0xc0734000 - 0xc076fb80 ​  ( 239 kB) 
 +       .bss : 0xc076fba4 - 0xc07c3f28 ​  ( 337 kB) 
 +Hierarchical RCU implementation. 
 +        RCU debugfs-based tracing is enabled. 
 +NR_IRQS:​211 
 +Initializing ArmadaXP SOC Timer 0 
 +sched_clock:​ 32 bits at 25MHz, resolution 40ns, wraps every 171798ms 
 +Calibrating delay loop... 1191.11 BogoMIPS (lpj=5955584) 
 +pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301 
 +Mount-cache hash table entries: 512 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys debug 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys memory 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys devices 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys freezer 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys blkio 
 +CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok 
 +CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000 
 +SMP: prepare CPUs (4 cores) 
 +Setting Clocks for secondary CPUs 
 +Armada-XP Performance Monitor Unit detected (Marvell ID)!!! 
 +hw perfevents: enabled with Armada PJ4 PMU driver, 7 counters available 
 +SMP: CPU 0 Waking up CPU 1 
 +CPU1: Booted secondary processor 
 +CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001 
 +Brought up 2 CPUs 
 +SMP: Total of 2 processors activated (2382.23 BogoMIPS). 
 +devtmpfs: initialized 
 +xor: measuring software checksum speed 
 +   ​arm4regs ​ :  1159.600 MB/sec 
 +   ​8regs ​    : ​  ​864.800 MB/sec 
 +   ​32regs ​   :  1066.000 MB/sec 
 +xor: using function: arm4regs (1159.600 MB/sec) 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 16 
 +Aurora: Working in ARMv7 mode 
 +L0 cache Enabled 
 +Speculative Prefetch Disabled 
 +Aurora L2 Cache Enabled 
 +Support IO coherency. 
 + 
 +  Marvell Armada-XP RD-AXP-GP rev 1.0 Board -  Soc: MV78230 B0 LE 
 +  Detected Tclk 250000000, SysClk 600000000, FabricClk 600000000, PClk 1200000000 
 +  LSP version: linux-3.2.y-2013_Q1.2p2 - WIFI_RD RC 
 + 
 +registered dev#0 asa ehci_marvell 
 +Marvell USB EHCI Host controller #0: cf8b4a00 
 +registered dev#1 asa ehci_marvell 
 +Marvell USB EHCI Host controller #1: cf8b4800 
 +registered dev#2 asa mv_udc 
 +Marvell USB Gadget controller #2: cf8b4600 
 +bio: create slab <​bio-0>​ at 0 
 +raid6: int32x1 ​   137 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x2 ​   211 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x4 ​   208 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x8 ​   243 MB/s 
 +raid6: using algorithm int32x8 (243 MB/s) 
 +vgaarb: loaded 
 +SCSI subsystem initialized 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver hub 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver ethub 
 +usbcore: registered new device driver usb 
 +Sangoma WANPIPE Router v1.1 (c) 1995-2000 Sangoma Technologies Inc. 
 +Switching to clocksource axp_clocksource 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 2 
 +IP route cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes) 
 +TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192) 
 +TCP reno registered 
 +UDP hash table entries: 128 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +UDP-Lite hash table entries: 128 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 1 
 +RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered udp transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered tcp transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module. 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #0 (controller #0): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #1 (controller #1): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #2 (controller #2): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #3 (controller #3): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #4 (controller #4): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #5 (controller #5): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #6 (controller #6): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +PCI: bus2: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2400000-0xf24fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2400000-0xf24fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2400000-0xf24fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf2500000-0xf25fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 2: set to [mem 0xf2500000-0xf25fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2500000-0xf25fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2200000-0xf22fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2200000-0xf22fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2200000-0xf22fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf2300000-0xf23fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 2: set to [mem 0xf2300000-0xf23fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2300000-0xf23fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​00:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2000000-0xf2007fff 64bit] 
 +pci 0000:​00:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2000000-0xf2007fff 64bit] (PCI address [0xf2000000-0xf2007fff]) 
 +cesadev_init(c0704a94) 
 +mvCesaInit: channels=2, session=640,​ queue=64 
 +Armada XP hwmon thermal sensor initialized. 
 +ArmadaXP Power Managament Suspend Operations Initialized 
 +Initializing Armada-XP CPU power management ​ (WFI) 
 +squashfs: version 4.0 (2009/​01/​31) Phillip Lougher 
 +nfs4filelayout_init:​ NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering... 
 +JFFS2 version 2.2. (NAND) B) 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc. 
 +SGI XFS with security attributes, large block/inode numbers, no debug enabled 
 +msgmni has been set to 489 
 +async_tx: api initialized (async) 
 +io scheduler noop registered 
 +io scheduler deadline registered 
 +io scheduler cfq registered (default) 
 +Initializing ths8200_init 
 +mv_xor_shared mv_xor_shared.0:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +mv_xor_shared mv_xor_shared.1:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.0: Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.1: Marvell XOR: ( xor fill cpy ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.2: Marvell XOR: ( xor ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.3: Marvell XOR: ( fill cpy ) 
 +HDLC line discipline maxframe=4096 
 +N_HDLC line discipline registered. 
 +Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled 
 +serial8250.0:​ ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 41) is a 16550A 
 +console [ttyS0] enabled 
 +loop: module loaded 
 +sata_mv sata_mv.0: cannot get clkdev 
 +sata_mv sata_mv.0: slots 32 ports 2 
 +scsi0 : sata_mv 
 +scsi1 : sata_mv 
 +ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 55 
 +ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 55 
 + 
 +INFO: Found cfi_flash_0 0 - base 0xf4000000, size 0x2000000, bus 2 
 +INFO: Found spi_flash 0 - base 0xf6000000, size 0x1000000 
 +INFO: flashInfoFill - Found 2 Flash Devices 
 +INFO: flash_map_init - detected 2 devices 
 +MTD: Initialize the cfi_flash_0 device at address 0xf4000000 
 + 
 +INFO: Io remapped successfully - phy addr = 0xf4000000, virt addr = 0xd1000000 
 +INFO: Using cfi_probe to probe cfi_flash_0 at address 0xf4000000, size 0x2000000, width 2m - Not detected - FAILED! 
 +MTD: Initialize the spi_flash device at address 0xf6000000 
 + 
 +INFO: Io remapped successfully - phy addr = 0xf6000000, virt addr = 0xd4000000 
 +INFO: Using sflash to probe spi_flash at address 0xf6000000, size 0x1000000, width 2mmvSFlashInit ERROR: Unknown SPI flash device! 
 +ERROR: sflash_probe - Failed to initialize the SFlash. - Not detected - FAILED! 
 +armada-nand armada-nand.0:​ Initialize HAL based NFC in 8bit mode with DMA Disabled using BCH 4bit ECC 
 +NAND Spansion 1Gb(ID=F101) 
 +NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x01, Chip ID: 0xf1 (AMD NAND 128MiB 3,3V 8-bit) 
 +Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 +nand_read_bbt:​ bad block at 0x000001ca0000 
 +10 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device armada-nand 
 +10 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device armada-nand 
 +Creating 10 MTD partitions on "​armada-nand":​ 
 +0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "​uboot"​ 
 +0x000000100000-0x000000140000 : "​u_env"​ 
 +0x000000140000-0x000000180000 : "​s_env"​ 
 +0x000000900000-0x000000a00000 : "​devinfo"​ 
 +0x000000a00000-0x000003200000 : "​kernel"​ 
 +0x000000d00000-0x000003200000 : "​rootfs"​ 
 +0x000003200000-0x000005a00000 : "​alt_kernel"​ 
 +0x000003500000-0x000005a00000 : "​alt_rootfs"​ 
 +0x000000a00000-0x000005a00000 : "​ubifs"​ 
 +0x000005a00000-0x000008000000 : "​syscfg"​ 
 +mv_eth_probe:​ port_mask=0xf,​ cpu_mask=0x3 
 +mvPncVirtBase = 0xd0a00000 
 +  o 4 Giga ports supported 
 +  o SKB recycle supported (Enabled) 
 +  o NETA acceleration mode 3 
 +  o PnC supported (Enabled) 
 +  o RX Queue support: 8 Queues * 128 Descriptors 
 +  o TX Queue support: 8 Queues * 532 Descriptors 
 +  o GSO supported 
 +  o GRO supported 
 +  o Receive checksum offload supported 
 +  o Transmit checksum offload supported 
 +  o Driver ERROR statistics enabled 
 + 
 +  o Loading Switch QuarterDeck driver 
 +    o Device ID     : 0x172 
 +    o No. of Ports  : 7 
 +    o CPU Port      : 5 
 +  o Loading network interface(s) 
 + 
 +  o Port 0 is connected to Linux netdevice 
 +        giga p=0: mtu=1500, mac=cf833eec 
 +    o eth0, ifindex = 2, GbE port = 0 
 + 
 +  o Port 1 is connected to Linux netdevice 
 +        giga p=1: mtu=1500, mac=cf833eec 
 +    o eth1, ifindex = 3, GbE port = 1 
 + 
 +  o Warning: GbE port 2 is powered off 
 + 
 + 
 +tun: Universal TUN/TAP device driver, 1.6 
 +tun: (C) 1999-2004 Max Krasnyansky <​maxk@qualcomm.com>​ 
 +e100: Intel(R) PRO/100 Network Driver, 3.5.24-k2-NAPI 
 +e100: Copyright(c) 1999-2006 Intel Corporation 
 +e1000e: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - 1.5.1-k 
 +e1000e: Copyright(c) 1999 - 2011 Intel Corporation. 
 +sky2: driver version 1.30 
 +PPP generic driver version 2.4.2 
 +PPP BSD Compression module registered 
 +PPP Deflate Compression module registered 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 24 
 +PPTP driver version 0.8.5 
 +ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 '​Enhanced'​ Host Controller (EHCI) Driver 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ Marvell Orion EHCI 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 
 +ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300) 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ irq 45, io base 0xfbc50100 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 
 +hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ Marvell Orion EHCI 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ irq 46, io base 0xfbc51100 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 
 +hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +hub 2-0:1.0: 1 port detected 
 +PCI: enabling device 0000:​00:​00.0 (0140 -> 0142) 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ Etron xHCI Host Controller 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ irq 58, io mem 0xf2000000 
 +ethub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +ethub 3-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ Etron xHCI Host Controller 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 4 
 +ethub 4-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +ethub 4-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice 
 +ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300) 
 +rtc-mv rtc-mv: internal RTC not ticking 
 +i2c /dev entries driver 
 +md: linear personality registered for level -1 
 +md: raid0 personality registered for level 0 
 +md: raid1 personality registered for level 1 
 +md: raid10 personality registered for level 10 
 +md: raid6 personality registered for level 6 
 +md: raid5 personality registered for level 5 
 +md: raid4 personality registered for level 4 
 +cpuidle: using governor ladder 
 +cpuidle: using governor menu 
 +mmc0: mvsdio driver initialized,​ lacking card detect (fall back to polling) 
 +oprofile: using arm/​mrvl_pj4b 
 +u32 classifier 
 +Netfilter messages via NETLINK v0.30. 
 +nf_conntrack version 0.5.0 (3918 buckets, 15672 max) 
 +ctnetlink v0.93: registering with nfnetlink. 
 +nf_conntrack_rtsp v0.6.21 loading 
 +GRE over IPv4 demultiplexor driver 
 +GRE over IPv4 tunneling driver 
 +nf_nat_rtsp v0.6.21 loading 
 +ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +arp_tables: (C) 2002 David S. Miller 
 +TCP cubic registered 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 10 
 +ip6_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +IPv6 over IPv4 tunneling driver 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 17 
 +Bridge firewalling registered 
 +Ebtables v2.0 registered 
 +L2TP core driver, V2.0 
 +PPPoL2TP kernel driver, V2.0 
 +8021q: 802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 
 +Registering the dns_resolver key type 
 +VFP support v0.3: implementor 56 architecture 2 part 20 variant 9 rev 6 
 +drivers/​rtc/​hctosys.c:​ unable to open rtc device (rtc0) 
 +md: Waiting for all devices to be available before autodetect 
 +md: If you don't use raid, use raid=noautodetect 
 +md: Autodetecting RAID arrays. 
 +md: Scanned 0 and added 0 devices. 
 +md: autorun ... 
 +md: ... autorun DONE. 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000000: 0x43e4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000004: 0x6723 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000008: 0xe316 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0000000c: 0x0c38 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000010: 0xf54b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000014: 0x79d2 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000018: 0x9261 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0000001c: 0xd368 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000020: 0x1879 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000024: 0xcacb instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +Old JFFS2 bitmask found at 0x000052bc 
 +You cannot use older JFFS2 filesystems with newer kernels 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020000: 0x9780 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020004: 0x9cba instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020008: 0xba9f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0002000c: 0x1856 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020010: 0x4657 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020014: 0x9ea2 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020018: 0xf1fa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0002001c: 0x0856 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020020: 0xf16e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020024: 0xf34d instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040000: 0x7bc9 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040004: 0x2b77 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040008: 0x0a1d instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0004000c: 0x3013 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040010: 0x62ae instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040014: 0x789b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040018: 0x46c8 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0004001c: 0xd4fa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040020: 0xe3f5 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040024: 0xb870 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060000: 0xd224 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060004: 0xff7c instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060008: 0xe6b4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0006000c: 0x1c3e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060010: 0x87c9 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060014: 0xff53 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060018: 0x1f3f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0006001c: 0xbbbb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060020: 0x9fc7 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060024: 0xf28f instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080000: 0x5721 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080004: 0xbfd6 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080008: 0x3d7e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0008000c: 0xfbaa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080010: 0xcf91 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080014: 0xbbe0 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080018: 0xceeb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0008001c: 0x75cb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080020: 0xbfd7 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080024: 0xa7e8 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0000: 0x9ba6 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0004: 0x42aa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0008: 0x599a instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a000c: 0x1038 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0010: 0xff8f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0014: 0x2cd4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0018: 0xa950 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a001c: 0xfc7f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0020: 0x6665 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0024: 0xbf48 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600000: 0x4c2e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600004: 0x534b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600008: 0x302e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0160000c: 0x3030 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600010: 0x5741 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600014: 0x3931 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600018: 0x4341 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0160001c: 0x2020 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600020: 0x3246 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600024: 0x3435 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +VFS: Mounted root (jffs2 filesystem) readonly on device 31:5. 
 +devtmpfs: mounted 
 +Freeing init memory: 216K 
 +********************************************************************************* 
 +              _        _  __    _    __ _____ __   __ _____ 
 +             | |      | ||  \  | |  / // ____]\ \ / // ____]TM 
 +             | |      | ||   \ | | / /| (___   \ V /| (____ 
 +             | |      | || |\ \| |\ \  \____ \  \ /  \____ \ 
 +             | |_____ | || | \   | \ \  ____) | | |   ____) | 
 +             ​|_______||_||_| ​ \__|  \_\[____ /  |_|  [_____/ 
 + 
 + (c) 2013 Belkin International,​ Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
 + ​Booting blk-mamba (firmware version 1.1.8.161917) 
 +********************************************************************************* 
 +[utopia][init] System Initialization 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /proc 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /sys 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /dev 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /tmp 
 +[utopia][init] Allocating 50M for /tmp 
 +[utopia][init] Prepairing /dev/pts 
 +[utopia][init] Setting /tmp and /var permissions 
 +[utopia][init] Starting udev.. 
 +bdutil board utility kernel module, version 1.4 
 +bdutil board utility kernel module boardId (9) 
 +bdutil board utility gpio kernel module, version 1.3 
 +bdutil board utility buttons kernel module, version 1.4 
 +bdutil board utility LEDs kernel module, version 2.5 
 +mod_bdutil (leds): i2c-dev (0) LEDs driver initialized 
 +Attempting mount of ubifs syscfg partition 
 +UBI device number 0, total 296 LEBs (37584896 bytes, 35.8 MiB), available 0 LEBs (0 bytes), LEB size 126976 bytes (124.0 KiB) 
 +[utopia][init] Using persistent syscfg data from /​var/​config/​syscfg 
 +[utopia][init] Starting system logging 
 +[utopia][init] Starting sysevent subsystem 
 +net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_acct = 1 
 +watchdog running 
 +[utopia][init] Setting any unset system values to default 
 +[utopia][init] no persistence config file (/​var/​config/​pstcfg) found 
 +mac_setup.sh,​ setting up MAC addresses for all interfaces based on 94:​10:​3E:​9F:​CE:​4B 
 +Updating NTP Servers if necessary 
 +checking for interactive script start up... 
 +0x9000000 0x1000000 
 +0xa000000 0x1000000 
 +0xb000000 0x1000000 
 +0xc000000 0x1000000 
 +0xd000000 0x1000000 
 +0xe000000 0x1000000 
 +0xf000000 0x1000000 
 +0x10000000 0x1000000 
 +0x11000000 0x1000000 
 +0x12000000 0x1000000 
 +0x13000000 0x1000000 
 +0x14000000 0x1000000 
 +0x15000000 0x1000000 
 +0x16000000 0x1000000 
 +0x17000000 0x1000000 
 +Updating BootCount Page[43]:​15800 ... Done 
 + 
 +[utopia][init] Starting bdutil daemon 
 +BDUTIL daemon mode 
 +attempting to sync sysinfo.cgi auth credentials 
 +cpu temp monitor created 
 +Thu Oct 11 06:00:00 UTC 2012 
 +wdev0     no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1     no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +0x21010000 0x1000000 
 +0x3c010000 0x1000000 
 +wdev0ap0 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap1 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap2 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap3 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap0 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap1 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap2 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +0x3d010000 0x1000000 
 +wifi, sysevent received: lan-started (Wed Oct 10 23:00:03 PDT 2012) 
 +wifi, service_start() 
 +Lighttpd Model Base: WRT1900AC 
 +Generating Rainier lighttpd config 
 +Build temporary www configuration directory:​ 
 +TSLIIHauhEfGE 
 +reset LAN ethernet port 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Registering Service myrouter._http._tcp.local port 80 
 +[utopia] Not setting ppp_clamp_mtu 
 +Got a reply for myrouter._http._tcp.local.:​ Name now registered and active 
 +wifi, wifi_physical_start(wdev0) 
 +[utopia] Not setting ppp_clamp_mtu on dslite protocol 
 +wifi_physical,​ iwconfig wdev0 commit 
 +Restarting nfqrecv service... 
 +wifi, wifi_virtual_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, wifi_user_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, primary AP: wdev0ap0 is up 
 +wifi, wifi_guest_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, guest wdev0ap1 is disabled, do not start wifi guest 
 +wifi, wifi_physical_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi_physical,​ iwconfig wdev1 commit 
 +wifi, wifi_virtual_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, wifi_user_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, primary AP: wdev1ap0 is up 
 +wifi, wifi_guest_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, guest wdev1ap1 is disabled, do not start wifi guest 
 +wifi, start_hostapd() 
 +Configuration file: /​tmp/​hostapd-wdev0ap0.conf 
 +Using interface wdev0ap0 with hwaddr 94:​10:​3e:​9f:​ce:​4c and ssid '​Linksys01799'​ 
 +Configuration file: /​tmp/​hostapd-wdev1ap0.conf 
 +Using interface wdev1ap0 with hwaddr 94:​10:​3e:​9f:​ce:​4d and ssid '​Linksys01799_5GHz'​ 
 + 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Starting smbd ... 
 +</​code>​ 
 +</​p>​ 
 +</​HTML>​ 
 + 
 +=== OpenWRT === 
 + 
 +    * <​HTML>​ 
 +<p style="​padding:​ 10px;​border:​1px solid grey;​height:​300px;​font:​10px/​14px Georgia, Garamond, Serif;​overflow:​Auto;​background-color:#​FFFFFF">​ 
 +<​code>​ 
 +BootROM 1.20 
 +Booting from NAND flash 
 +Step 1: First phase of PEX-PIPE Configuration 
 +Step 2: Configure the desire PIN_PHY_GEN 
 +Step 3 QSGMII enable  
 +Step 4: Configure SERDES MUXes  
 +Step 5: Activate the RX High Impedance Mode   
 +Step 6: [PEX-Only] PEX-Main configuration (X4 or X1) 
 +Step 6.2: [PEX-Only] PCI Express Link Capabilities 
 +Step 7: [PEX-X4 Only] To create PEX-Link  
 +Steps 7,8,9,10 and 11 
 +Steps 12: [PEX-Only] Last phase of PEX-PIPE ConfigurationSteps 13: Wait 15ms before checking resultsSteps 14: [PEX-Only] ​ In order to configureSteps 15: [PEX-Only] ​ In order to configureSteps 16: [PEX-Only] Training Enablestep 17: max_if= 0x7 
 +step 17:  PEX0  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability  
 + ​-->​ 0050 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0050 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ 4C12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX1  pexUnit= 0 
 +step 17:  PEX2  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability  
 + ​-->​ 0040 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0040 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ DC12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX3  pexUnit= 0 
 +PEX3 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x0004DA64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX4  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX4 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00081A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX5  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX5 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00085A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX6  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX6 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00089A64) = 0x00000001 
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - Ver 4.5.DDR3 Training Sequence - Static MC Init  
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - HW Training Procedure  
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - Switching XBAR Window to FastPath Window  
 +BootROM: Image checksum verification PASSED 
 + 
 + ​__ ​  ​__ ​                     _ _ 
 +|  \/  | __ _ _ ____   ​_____| | | 
 +| |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | | 
 +| |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | | 
 +|_|  |_|\__,​_|_| ​   \_/ \___|_|_| 
 +         ​_ ​  ​_ ​    ​____ ​             _ 
 +        | | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_  
 +        | | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __|  
 +        | |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_  
 +         ​\___/ ​   |____/ \___/ \___/ \__|  
 + ** LOADER ** 
 + 
 + 
 +U-Boot 2011.12 (Feb 06 2014 - 17:14:13) Marvell version: v2011.12 2013_Q1.2 
 + 
 +Boot version:​v1.3.25 
 + 
 +Board: RD-AXP-GP rev 1.0 
 +SoC:   ​MV78230 B0 
 +       ​running 2 CPUs 
 +       ​Custom configuration 
 +CPU:   ​Marvell PJ4B (584) v7 (Rev 2) LE 
 +       CPU 0 
 +       ​CPU ​   @ 1200 [MHz] 
 +       ​L2 ​    @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       ​TClock @ 250 [MHz] 
 +       ​DDR ​   @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       DDR 32Bit Width, FastPath Memory Access 
 +       DDR ECC Disabled 
 +DRAM:  256 MiB 
 + 
 +Map:   ​Code:​0x0fea7000:​0x0ff5e2d4 
 +       ​BSS:​0x0ffefd80 
 +       ​Stack:​0x0f9a6ef8 
 +       ​Heap:​0x0f9a7000:​0x0fea7000 
 + 
 +NAND:  Spansion 1Gb(ID=F101) 128 MiB 
 +MMC:   ​MRVL_MMC:​ 0 
 +Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 + 
 + 
 +#### auto_recovery #### 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == off 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == off 
 +[u_env] get boot_part == 1 
 +[u_env] get boot_part_ready == 3 
 +auto_recovery enabled:0, boot_part:​1,​ boot_part_ready:​3  
 + 
 +PEX 0.0(0): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.1(1): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 1.1 
 +PEX 0.2(2): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.3(3): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.0(4): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.1(5): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.2(6): Detected No Link. 
 + 
 +boot_end Offset: 0x100000 
 +u_env_off Offset: 0x100000 
 +s_env_off Offset: 0x140000 
 +devinfo Offset: 0x900000 
 + 
 +=================== 
 +total_badCount:​ 0 
 +boot_badCount:​ 0 
 +u_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +s_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +buff_badCount:​ 0 
 +=================== 
 + 
 +FPU initialized to Run Fast Mode. 
 +USB 0: Host Mode 
 +USB 1: Host Mode 
 +USB 2: Device Mode 
 +Modules Detected: 
 +mvEthE6171SwitchBasicInit finished  
 +Net:   ​mvSysNetaInit enter  
 +set port 0 to rgmii enter  
 +set port 1 to rgmii enter  
 +egiga0 [PRIME], egiga1 
 +modify Phy Status 
 +auto_recovery_check changes bootcmd: run nandboot  
 +Hit any key to stop autoboot: ​ 3  2  1  0  
 + 
 +NAND read: device 0 offset 0xa00000, size 0x400000 
 + ​4194304 bytes read: OK 
 +## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 02000000 ... 
 +   Image Name:   ARM OpenWrt Linux-3.18.14 
 +   ​Created: ​     2015-06-08 ​ 16:58:30 UTC 
 +   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed) 
 +   Data Size:    1618369 Bytes = 1.5 MiB 
 +   Load Address: 00008000 
 +   Entry Point: ​ 00008000 
 +   ​Verifying Checksum ... OK 
 +   ​Loading Kernel Image ... OK 
 +OK 
 + 
 +Starting kernel ... 
 + 
 +[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0 
 +[    0.000000] Linux version 3.18.14 (buildbot@builder1) (gcc version 4.8.3 (OpenWrt/​Linaro GCC 4.8-2014.04 r45872) ) #1 SMP Mon Jun 8 18:58:16 CEST 2015 
 +[    0.000000] CPU: ARMv7 Processor [562f5842] revision 2 (ARMv7), cr=10c5387d 
 +[    0.000000] CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, PIPT instruction cache 
 +[    0.000000] Machine model: Linksys WRT1900AC 
 +[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writealloc 
 +[    0.000000] PERCPU: Embedded 9 pages/cpu @cfdd9000 s6784 r8192 d21888 u36864 
 +[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists ​in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 65024 
 +[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,​115200 mtdparts=armada-nand:​1024K(uboot)ro,​256K(u_env),​256K(s_env),​1m@9m(devinfo),​40m@10m(kernel),​37m@13m(rootfs),​40m@50m(alt_kernel),​37m@53m(alt_rootfs),​80m@10m(ubifs),​-@90m(syscfg) root=/​dev/​mtdblock5 ro rootfstype=jffs2 init=/​sbin/​init 
 +[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes) 
 +[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +[    0.000000] Memory: 255064K/​262144K available (3238K kernel code, 148K rwdata, 876K rodata, 204K init, 167K bss, 7080K reserved, 0K highmem) 
 +[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout: 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​vector ​ : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000 ​  ​( ​  4 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​fixmap ​ : 0xffc00000 - 0xffe00000 ​  (2048 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​vmalloc : 0xd0800000 - 0xff000000 ​  ( 744 MB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​lowmem ​ : 0xc0000000 - 0xd0000000 ​  ( 256 MB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​pkmap ​  : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000 ​  ​( ​  2 MB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​    ​modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000 ​  ​( ​ 14 MB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​      .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc040ce14 ​  (4116 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​      .init : 0xc040d000 - 0xc0440000 ​  ( 204 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​      .data : 0xc0440000 - 0xc04651f8 ​  ( 149 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] ​       .bss : 0xc04651f8 - 0xc048f10c ​  ( 168 kB) 
 +[    0.000000] Hierarchical RCU implementation. 
 +[    0.000000] RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=4 to nr_cpu_ids=2. 
 +[    0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=16,​ nr_cpu_ids=2 
 +[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16 
 +[    0.000000] Aurora cache controller enabled, 32 ways, 2048 kB 
 +[    0.000000] Aurora: CACHE_ID 0x00000100, AUX_CTRL 0x1a69ef12 
 +[    0.000008] sched_clock:​ 32 bits at 25MHz, resolution 40ns, wraps every 171798691800ns 
 +[    0.000224] Calibrating delay loop... 1191.11 BogoMIPS (lpj=5955584) 
 +[    0.040055] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301 
 +[    0.040148] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +[    0.040158] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +[    0.040481] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok 
 +[    0.040626] CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000 
 +[    0.043100] Setting up static identity map for 0x12648 - 0x126a0 
 +[    0.043374] mvebu-soc-id:​ MVEBU SoC ID=0x7823, Rev=0x2 
 +[    0.043500] mvebu-pmsu: Initializing Power Management Service Unit 
 +[    0.044344] Booting CPU 1 
 +[    0.044622] CPU1: Booted secondary processor 
 +[    0.080045] CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001 
 +[    0.080104] Brought up 2 CPUs 
 +[    0.080118] SMP: Total of 2 processors activated (2382.23 BogoMIPS). 
 +[    0.080124] CPU: All CPU(s) started in SVC mode. 
 +[    0.080591] VFP support v0.3: implementor 56 architecture 2 part 20 variant 9 rev 6 
 +[    0.080783] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem 
 +[    0.080988] regulator-dummy:​ no parameters 
 +[    0.083788] NET: Registered protocol family 16 
 +[    0.083981] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations 
 +[    0.110066] cpuidle: using governor ladder 
 +[    0.141591] Switched to clocksource armada_370_xp_clocksource 
 +[    0.142328] NET: Registered protocol family 2 
 +[    0.142828] TCP established hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes) 
 +[    0.142852] TCP bind hash table entries: 2048 (order: 2, 16384 bytes) 
 +[    0.142876] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 2048 bind 2048) 
 +[    0.142911] TCP: reno registered 
 +[    0.142922] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 1, 8192 bytes) 
 +[    0.142938] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 1, 8192 bytes) 
 +[    0.143074] NET: Registered protocol family 1 
 +[    0.143896] futex hash table entries: 512 (order: 3, 32768 bytes) 
 +[    0.144363] squashfs: version 4.0 (2009/​01/​31) Phillip Lougher 
 +[    0.144376] jffs2: version 2.2 (NAND) (SUMMARY) (LZMA) (RTIME) (CMODE_PRIORITY) (c) 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc. 
 +[    0.144522] msgmni has been set to 498 
 +[    0.145168] io scheduler noop registered 
 +[    0.145182] io scheduler deadline registered (default) 
 +[    0.145752] armada-xp-pinctrl f1018000.pin-ctrl:​ registered pinctrl driver 
 +[    0.146213] irq: Cannot allocate irq_descs @ IRQ37, assuming pre-allocated 
 +[    0.146526] irq: Cannot allocate irq_descs @ IRQ69, assuming pre-allocated 
 +[    0.146995] mvebu-pcie soc:​pcie-controller:​ PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00 
 +[    0.147009] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff] 
 +[    0.147018] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xf8000000-0xffdfffff] 
 +[    0.147028] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff] 
 +[    0.147485] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +[    0.147497] pci 0000:​00:​01.0:​ bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring 
 +[    0.147509] pci 0000:​00:​02.0:​ bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring 
 +[    0.147519] pci 0000:​00:​03.0:​ bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring 
 +[    0.147909] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +[    0.148340] PCI: bus2: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +[    0.148742] PCI: bus3: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +[    0.148859] pci 0000:​00:​01.0:​ BAR 8: assigned [mem 0xf8000000-0xf80fffff] 
 +[    0.148871] pci 0000:​00:​02.0:​ BAR 8: assigned [mem 0xf8200000-0xf83fffff] 
 +[    0.148882] pci 0000:​00:​03.0:​ BAR 8: assigned [mem 0xf8400000-0xf85fffff] 
 +[    0.148894] pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf8000000-0xf8007fff 64bit] 
 +[    0.148914] pci 0000:​00:​01.0:​ PCI bridge to [bus 01] 
 +[    0.148926] pci 0000:​00:​01.0: ​  ​bridge window [mem 0xf8000000-0xf80fffff] 
 +[    0.148940] pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf8200000-0xf82fffff 64bit pref] 
 +[    0.148961] pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf8300000-0xf83fffff 64bit pref] 
 +[    0.148980] pci 0000:​00:​02.0:​ PCI bridge to [bus 02] 
 +[    0.148990] pci 0000:​00:​02.0: ​  ​bridge window [mem 0xf8200000-0xf83fffff] 
 +[    0.149004] pci 0000:​03:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf8400000-0xf84fffff 64bit pref] 
 +[    0.149023] pci 0000:​03:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf8500000-0xf85fffff 64bit pref] 
 +[    0.149040] pci 0000:​00:​03.0:​ PCI bridge to [bus 03] 
 +[    0.149050] pci 0000:​00:​03.0: ​  ​bridge window [mem 0xf8400000-0xf85fffff] 
 +[    0.149094] pci 0000:​00:​01.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[    0.149117] pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[    0.149276] mv_xor f1060900.xor:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +[    0.171684] mv_xor f1060900.xor:​ Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +[    0.211656] mv_xor f1060900.xor:​ Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +[    0.211748] mv_xor f10f0900.xor:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +[    0.251654] mv_xor f10f0900.xor:​ Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +[    0.291654] mv_xor f10f0900.xor:​ Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +[    0.291840] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 16 ports, IRQ sharing enabled 
 +[    0.293504] console [ttyS0] disabled 
 +[    0.313514] f1012000.serial:​ ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 19, base_baud = 15625000) is a 16550A 
 +[    0.974141] console [ttyS0] enabled 
 +[    0.978340] pxa3xx-nand f10d0000.nand:​ This platform can't do DMA on this device 
 +[    0.985959] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0x01, Chip ID: 0xf1 
 +[    0.992349] nand: AMD/​Spansion S34ML01G1 
 +[    0.996285] nand: 128MiB, SLC, page size: 2048, OOB size: 64 
 +[    1.001987] pxa3xx-nand f10d0000.nand:​ ECC strength 16, ECC step size 2048 
 +[    1.009148] Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +[    1.015219] Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 +[    1.021322] 10 ofpart partitions found on MTD device pxa3xx_nand-0 
 +[    1.027537] Creating 10 MTD partitions on "​pxa3xx_nand-0":​ 
 +[    1.033067] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "​u-boot"​ 
 +[    1.038494] 0x000000100000-0x000000140000 : "​u_env"​ 
 +[    1.043825] 0x000000140000-0x000000180000 : "​s_env"​ 
 +[    1.049138] 0x000000900000-0x000000a00000 : "​devinfo"​ 
 +[    1.054637] 0x000000a00000-0x000003200000 : "​kernel1"​ 
 +[    1.060177] 0x000000d00000-0x000003200000 : "​ubi"​ 
 +[    1.065384] 0x000003200000-0x000005a00000 : "​kernel2"​ 
 +[    1.070933] 0x000003500000-0x000005a00000 : "​rootfs2"​ 
 +[    1.076507] 0x000005a00000-0x000008000000 : "​syscfg"​ 
 +[    1.081990] 0x000000180000-0x000000900000 : "​unused_area"​ 
 +[    1.088360] m25p80 spi0.0: mr25h256 (32 Kbytes) 
 +[    1.094016] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed 
 +[    1.098247] libphy: orion_mdio_bus:​ probed 
 +[    1.104504] mvneta f1070000.ethernet eth0: Using random mac address 8e:​af:​18:​1b:​81:​e0 
 +[    1.114039] mvneta f1074000.ethernet eth1: Using random mac address 26:​92:​1c:​b7:​db:​b3 
 +[    1.133227] TCP: cubic registered 
 +[    1.136573] NET: Registered protocol family 17 
 +[    1.141141] bridge: automatic filtering via arp/​ip/​ip6tables has been deprecated. Update your scripts to load br_netfilter if you need this. 
 +[    1.153910] Bridge firewalling registered 
 +[    1.157952] 8021q: 802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 
 +[    1.162310] Registering SWP/SWPB emulation handler 
 +[    1.169857] UBI: auto-attach mtd5 
 +[    1.173272] UBI: attaching mtd5 to ubi0 
 +[    1.696553] UBI: scanning is finished 
 +[    1.722619] UBI: attached mtd5 (name "​ubi",​ size 37 MiB) to ubi0 
 +[    1.728681] UBI: PEB size: 131072 bytes (128 KiB), LEB size: 126976 bytes 
 +[    1.735553] UBI: min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048/2048, sub-page size 2048 
 +[    1.742305] UBI: VID header offset: 2048 (aligned 2048), data offset: 4096 
 +[    1.749206] UBI: good PEBs: 296, bad PEBs: 0, corrupted PEBs: 0 
 +[    1.755191] UBI: user volume: 2, internal volumes: 1, max. volumes count: 128 
 +[    1.762389] UBI: max/mean erase counter: 2/1, WL threshold: 4096, image sequence number: 281984027 
 +[    1.771382] UBI: available PEBs: 0, total reserved PEBs: 296, PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 20 
 +[    1.780648] UBI: background thread "​ubi_bgt0d"​ started, PID 331 
 +[    1.787387] UBI: ubiblock0_0 created from ubi0:​0(rootfs) 
 +[    1.792786] ubiblock: device ubiblock0_0 (rootfs) set to be root filesystem 
 +[    1.800882] mvsw61xx 1000000003.mvsw61xx:​ Found MV88E6172 at f1072004.mdio-mi:​10 
 +[    1.808371] mvsw61xx 1000000003.mvsw61xx:​ Using direct addressing 
 +[    1.814665] drivers/​rtc/​hctosys.c:​ unable to open rtc device (rtc0) 
 +[    1.833270] VFS: Mounted root (squashfs filesystem) readonly on device 254:0. 
 +[    1.840780] Freeing unused kernel memory: 204K (c040d000 - c0440000) 
 +[    2.419027] init: Console is alive 
 +[    3.613188] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs 
 +[    3.618834] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub 
 +[    3.624368] usbcore: registered new device driver usb 
 +[    3.634922] SCSI subsystem initialized 
 +[    3.650345] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 '​Enhanced'​ Host Controller (EHCI) Driver 
 +[    3.657730] ehci-platform:​ EHCI generic platform driver 
 +[    3.664029] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver 
 +[    3.668303] orion-ehci f1050000.usb:​ EHCI Host Controller 
 +[    3.673822] orion-ehci f1050000.usb:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 
 +[    3.681541] orion-ehci f1050000.usb:​ irq 25, io mem 0xf1050000 
 +[    3.701727] orion-ehci f1050000.usb:​ USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 
 +[    3.708609] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +[    3.712508] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected 
 +[    3.720579] sata_mv f10a0000.sata:​ slots 32 ports 1 
 +[    3.727329] scsi host0: sata_mv 
 +[    3.730821] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 28 
 +[    4.081726] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300) 
 +[    4.091807] xhci_hcd 0000:​01:​00.0:​ xHCI Host Controller 
 +[    4.097110] xhci_hcd 0000:​01:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2 
 +[    4.105878] hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +[    4.109737] hub 2-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +[    4.114343] xhci_hcd 0000:​01:​00.0:​ xHCI Host Controller 
 +[    4.119625] xhci_hcd 0000:​01:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3 
 +[    4.128108] hub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +[    4.132013] hub 3-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +[    4.148588] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage 
 +[    4.423565] init: - preinit - 
 +[    5.172337] random: nonblocking pool is initialized 
 +Press the [f] key and hit [enter] to enter failsafe mode 
 +Press the [1], [2], [3] or [4] key and hit [enter] to select the debug level 
 +[    8.464967] UBIFS: background thread "​ubifs_bgt0_1"​ started, PID 461 
 +[    8.579770] UBIFS: recovery needed 
 +[    8.778276] UBIFS: recovery completed 
 +[    8.782126] UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 1, name "​rootfs_data"​ 
 +[    8.788599] UBIFS: LEB size: 126976 bytes (124 KiB), min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048 bytes/2048 bytes 
 +[    8.797833] UBIFS: FS size: 30601216 bytes (29 MiB, 241 LEBs), journal size 1523712 bytes (1 MiB, 12 LEBs) 
 +[    8.807572] UBIFS: reserved for root: 1445370 bytes (1411 KiB) 
 +[    8.813494] UBIFS: media format: w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0), UUID 1199790C-2961-4881-A5D1-15F9453FB750,​ small LPT model 
 +[    8.834512] mount_root: switching to jffs2 overlay 
 +[    9.007417] UBI: attaching mtd8 to ubi1 
 +[    9.531410] UBI: scanning is finished 
 +[    9.555885] UBI warning: print_rsvd_warning:​ cannot reserve enough PEBs for bad PEB handlingreserved 2, need 12 
 +[    9.567213] UBI: attached mtd8 (name "​syscfg",​ size 38 MiB) to ubi1 
 +[    9.573559] UBI: PEB size: 131072 bytes (128 KiB), LEB size: 126976 bytes 
 +[    9.580376] UBI: min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048/2048, sub-page size 2048 
 +[    9.587140] UBI: VID header offset: 2048 (aligned 2048), data offset: 4096 
 +[    9.594084] UBI: good PEBs: 296, bad PEBs: 8, corrupted PEBs: 0 
 +[    9.600029] UBI: user volume: 1, internal volumes: 1, max. volumes count: 128 
 +[    9.607230] UBI: max/mean erase counter: 9/7, WL threshold: 4096, image sequence number: 1566127094 
 +[    9.616349] UBI: available PEBs: 0, total reserved PEBs: 296, PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 2 
 +[    9.625507] UBI: background thread "​ubi_bgt1d"​ started, PID 468 
 +UBI device number 1, total 296 LEBs (37584896 bytes, 35.8 MiB), available 0 LEBs (0 bytes), LEB size 126976 bytes (124.0 KiB) 
 +[    9.648201] UBIFS: background thread "​ubifs_bgt1_0"​ started, PID 473 
 +[    9.763402] UBIFS: recovery needed 
 +[   ​10.060095] UBIFS: recovery completed 
 +[   ​10.063985] UBIFS: mounted UBI device 1, volume 0, name "​syscfg"​ 
 +[   ​10.070042] UBIFS: LEB size: 126976 bytes (124 KiB), min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048 bytes/2048 bytes 
 +[   ​10.079273] UBIFS: FS size: 35680256 bytes (34 MiB, 281 LEBs), journal size 1777664 bytes (1 MiB, 14 LEBs) 
 +[   ​10.089039] UBIFS: reserved for root: 1685265 bytes (1645 KiB) 
 +[   ​10.094962] UBIFS: media format: w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0), UUID 3D8E03E0-7B4C-4ACC-84F0-908FF5AA25BB,​ small LPT model 
 +[   ​10.118891] procd: - early - 
 +[   ​10.827468] procd: - ubus - 
 +[   ​11.833520] procd: - init - 
 +Please press Enter to activate this console. 
 +[   ​12.815669] NET: Registered protocol family 10 
 +[   ​12.827017] ip6_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +[   ​12.839969] Loading modules backported from Linux version master-2015-03-09-0-g141f155 
 +[   ​12.847971] Backport generated by backports.git backports-20150129-0-gdd4a670 
 +[   ​12.863951] cfg80211: Calling CRDA to update world regulatory domain 
 +[   ​12.870447] cfg80211: World regulatory domain updated: 
 +[   ​12.875667] cfg80211: ​ DFS Master region: unset 
 +[   ​12.880052] cfg80211: ​  ​(start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain,​ max_eirp), (dfs_cac_time) 
 +[   ​12.889923] cfg80211: ​  ​(2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.897995] cfg80211: ​  ​(2457000 KHz - 2482000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.906083] cfg80211: ​  ​(2474000 KHz - 2494000 KHz @ 20000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.914181] cfg80211: ​  ​(5170000 KHz - 5250000 KHz @ 80000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.922269] cfg80211: ​  ​(5250000 KHz - 5330000 KHz @ 80000 KHz, 160000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (0 s) 
 +[   ​12.931828] cfg80211: ​  ​(5490000 KHz - 5730000 KHz @ 160000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (0 s) 
 +[   ​12.939954] cfg80211: ​  ​(5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 80000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.948034] cfg80211: ​  ​(57240000 KHz - 63720000 KHz @ 2160000 KHz), (N/A, 0 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​12.958214] mwl_probe():​ <<​Marvell 802.11ac Wireless Network Driver version 10.3.0.1>>​ 
 +[   ​12.966240] pci 0000:​00:​02.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[   ​12.972022] mwlwifi 0000:​02:​00.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[   ​12.978183] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​iobase0 = d0e00000 
 +[   ​12.984153] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​iobase1 = d1000000 
 +[   ​12.990037] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​pcmd_buf = ce948000 ​ priv->​pphys_cmd_buf = e948000 
 +[   ​13.000552] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ fw download start 88 
 +[   ​13.121698] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ FwSize = 116208 downloaded Size = 116208 curr_iteration 65510 
 +[   ​13.640740] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ 0; 
 +[   ​13.976765] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ complete 
 +[   ​13.981672] mwl_process_of_dts():​ 2G: enable 
 +[   ​13.985970] mwl_process_of_dts():​ 5G: disable 
 +[   ​13.990352] mwl_process_of_dts():​ TX: 4 antennas 
 +[   ​13.995024] mwl_process_of_dts():​ RX: 4 antennas 
 +[   ​14.001513] mwl_fwcmd_get_hw_specs():​ pcmd = ce948000 
 +[   ​14.016599] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs():​ mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs ... 
 +[   ​14.022676] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[0] = ea80000 
 +[   ​14.028972] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[1] = ea84000 
 +[   ​14.035279] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[2] = ea88000 
 +[   ​14.041572] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[3] = ea8c000 
 +[   ​14.047901] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysRxRing ​   = ea04000 
 +[   ​14.054239] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​numtxq 20 wcbperq 256 totalrxwcb 256 
 +[   ​14.066598] mwl_wl_init():​ firmware version: 0x7020805 
 +[   ​14.085986] mwl_reg_notifier():​ phy0: FCC 
 +[   ​14.090035] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 1: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.095341] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 f f f f 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.102113] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 2: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.107378] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.114492] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 3: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.119757] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.126872] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 4: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.132177] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.139257] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 5: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.144555] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.151651] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 6: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.156923] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.164042] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 7: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.169307] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.176421] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 8: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.181715] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.188803] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 9: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.194107] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.201188] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 10: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.206574] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.213694] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 11: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​14.219045] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​14.228235] pci 0000:​00:​03.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[   ​14.234017] mwlwifi 0000:​03:​00.0:​ enabling device (0140 -> 0142) 
 +[   ​14.240167] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​iobase0 = d1200000 
 +[   ​14.246123] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​iobase1 = d1400000 
 +[   ​14.252066] mwl_alloc_pci_resource():​ priv->​pcmd_buf = ce45c000 ​ priv->​pphys_cmd_buf = e45c000 
 +[   ​14.262356] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ fw download start 88 
 +[   ​14.382736] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ FwSize = 116208 downloaded Size = 116208 curr_iteration 65498 
 +[   ​14.647035] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ 0; 
 +[   ​14.906195] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ 0; 
 +[   ​15.165374] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ 0; 
 +[   ​15.240638] mwl_fwdl_download_firmware():​ complete 
 +[   ​15.245533] mwl_process_of_dts():​ 2G: disable 
 +[   ​15.249913] mwl_process_of_dts():​ 5G: enable 
 +[   ​15.254239] mwl_process_of_dts():​ TX: 4 antennas 
 +[   ​15.258880] mwl_process_of_dts():​ RX: 4 antennas 
 +[   ​15.265415] mwl_fwcmd_get_hw_specs():​ pcmd = ce45c000 
 +[   ​15.275524] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs():​ mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs ... 
 +[   ​15.281563] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[0] = e480000 
 +[   ​15.287894] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[1] = e484000 
 +[   ​15.294228] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[2] = e488000 
 +[   ​15.300523] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysTxRing[3] = e48c000 
 +[   ​15.306852] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​pPhysRxRing ​   = e8cc000 
 +[   ​15.313190] mwl_fwcmd_set_hw_specs(): ​  ​-->​numtxq 20 wcbperq 256 totalrxwcb 256 
 +[   ​15.325548] mwl_wl_init():​ firmware version: 0x7020805 
 +[   ​15.347952] mwl_reg_notifier():​ phy1: FCC 
 +[   ​15.352035] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 36: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.357385] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​15.363455] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 40: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.368805] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​15.374876] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 44: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.380225] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​15.386296] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 48: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.391660] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​15.397703] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 52: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.403092] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​15.409825] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 56: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.415211] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​15.421982] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 60: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.427333] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​15.434113] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 64: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.439464] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​15.446232] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 100: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.451686] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.459122] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 104: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.464600] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.472070] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 108: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.477509] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.484973] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 112: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.490413] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.497876] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 116: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.503355] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.510785] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 120: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.516259] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.523727] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 124: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.529166] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.536629] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 128: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.542108] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.549538] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 132: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.555012] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.562481] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 136: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.567921] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.575384] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 140: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.580824] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.588287] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 149: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.593766] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 16 16 16 16 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.601196] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 153: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.606669] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.614138] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 157: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.619577] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.627041] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 161: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.632532] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.639960] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 165: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​15.645434] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​15.662585] i2c /dev entries driver 
 +[   ​15.695365] ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +[   ​15.707908] nf_conntrack version 0.5.0 (3988 buckets, 15952 max) 
 +[   ​15.823448] xt_time: kernel timezone is -0000 
 +[   ​15.834485] PPP generic driver version 2.4.2 
 +[   ​15.839707] NET: Registered protocol family 24 
 +[   ​20.142711] device eth0 entered promiscuous mode 
 +[   ​20.148936] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​20.154436] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​20.179348] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP):​ eth1: link is not ready 
 +[   ​20.790448] cfg80211: Calling CRDA for country: US 
 +[   ​20.797008] mwl_reg_notifier():​ phy1: FCC 
 +[   ​20.801053] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 36: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.806442] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​20.812553] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 40: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.817904] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​20.823991] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 44: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.829341] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​20.835415] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 48: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.840789] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9  
 +[   ​20.846900] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 52: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.852354] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​20.859093] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 56: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.864481] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​20.871205] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 60: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.876576] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​20.883328] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 64: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.888664] mwl_reg_notifier():​ f f f f f f f f 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12  
 +[   ​20.895406] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 100: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.900828] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.908315] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 104: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.913802] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.921225] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 108: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.926672] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.934112] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 112: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.939536] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.947005] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 116: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.952485] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.959933] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 120: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.965421] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.972864] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 124: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.978301] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.985785] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 128: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​20.991227] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​20.998709] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 132: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.004165] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.011631] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 136: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.017060] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.024498] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 140: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.029922] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.037361] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 149: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.042836] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 16 16 16 16 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.050284] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 153: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.055759] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.063236] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 157: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.068675] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.076144] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 161: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.081625] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.089062] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 165: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.094538] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14  
 +[   ​21.102030] mwl_reg_notifier():​ phy0: FCC 
 +[   ​21.106081] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 1: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.111363] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 f f f f 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.118140] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 2: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.123438] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.130522] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 3: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.135809] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.142924] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 4: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.148187] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.155303] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 5: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.160565] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.167680] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 6: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.172977] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.180061] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 7: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.185356] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.192473] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 8: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.197755] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.204870] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 9: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.210133] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.217251] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 10: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.222633] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 14 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.229717] mwl_reg_notifier():​ Channel: 11: 0x0 0x0 0xf 
 +[   ​21.235097] mwl_reg_notifier():​ 17 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 0 0 0 0  
 +[   ​21.242225] cfg80211: Regulatory domain changed to country: US 
 +[   ​21.248082] cfg80211: ​ DFS Master region: FCC 
 +[   ​21.252316] cfg80211: ​  ​(start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain,​ max_eirp), (dfs_cac_time) 
 +[   ​21.262139] cfg80211: ​  ​(2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (N/A, 3000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​21.270171] cfg80211: ​  ​(5170000 KHz - 5250000 KHz @ 80000 KHz, 160000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 1700 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​21.279721] cfg80211: ​  ​(5250000 KHz - 5330000 KHz @ 80000 KHz, 160000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 2300 mBm), (0 s) 
 +[   ​21.289274] cfg80211: ​  ​(5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 80000 KHz), (N/A, 3000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​21.297349] cfg80211: ​  ​(57240000 KHz - 63720000 KHz @ 2160000 KHz), (N/A, 4000 mBm), (N/A) 
 +[   ​21.306672] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered disabled state 
 +[   ​22.131761] mvneta f1070000.ethernet eth0: link up 
 +[   ​22.171726] mvneta f1074000.ethernet eth1: link up 
 +[   ​22.244308] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP):​ wlan1: link is not ready 
 +[   ​22.250385] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​22.255918] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​22.261631] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE):​ eth1: link becomes ready 
 +[   ​22.275935] device wlan1 entered promiscuous mode 
 +[   ​22.280805] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​22.286404] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​22.364044] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered disabled state 
 +[   ​22.769719] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP):​ wlan0: link is not ready 
 +[   ​22.779699] device wlan0 entered promiscuous mode 
 +[   ​22.784667] br-lan: port 3(wlan0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​22.790246] br-lan: port 3(wlan0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​23.028010] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​23.033633] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​23.039289] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE):​ wlan1: link becomes ready 
 +[   ​23.137849] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE):​ wlan0: link becomes ready 
 +[   ​24.252224] br-lan: port 1(eth0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​24.781675] br-lan: port 3(wlan0) entered forwarding state 
 +[   ​25.041631] br-lan: port 2(wlan1) entered forwarding state 
 +</​code>​ 
 +</​p>​ 
 +</​HTML>​ 
 +===== Flashing Firmware ===== 
 +  * To update any of the above firmware builds, log into your WRT1900ac by opening a web browser, navigating to: [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] 
 +    * //Default password is **admin**//​ 
 + 
 +  * //​**Always**//​ update firmware using a **wired** [LAN] connection to your router, //​**NEVER**//​ over WiFi. 
 +    * <​html>​ 
 +<span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​ 
 +Failure to adhere to this substantially raises the probability you will brick your router 
 +</​span>​ 
 +</​html>​ 
 + 
 +You may want to save your old Linksys settings if you've changed any of them.  You **can'​t** import them into OpenWRT, but will be able to restore them should you need to revert back to stock firmware. To backup the Linksys settings: 
 +  - Select //​**Troubleshooting**//​ on the left, then //​**Diagnostics**//​ 
 +  - Under //**Router Configuration**//,​ look for //**Restore Configuration**//,​ and select //​**Backup**//​ 
 + 
 +=== Image Formats === 
 +  * When flashing from Linksys firmware always use the "​factory"​ image. Preserving settings should not affect OpenWRT at all in either of these cases, as OpenWRT does not use the //syscfg// partition for its settings the way Linksys does. 
 + 
 +  * When flashing from OpenWRT, use the //​sysupgrade//​ image. Although the factory image will work, the sysupgrade image has the fringe benefit of preserving the UBI container between flashes, providing some wear-leveling. 
 + 
 +=== OEM --> OpenWRT === 
 +  - Navigate to //​**Connectivity** - **Manual Update**//​ 
 +  - //**Choose File**// and select the OpenWRT //​**.img**//​ file downloaded from the links above 
 +    * Once flash completes, router will reboot: 
 +      * If the OpenWRT image you selected has LuCI pre-installed,​ simply navigate back to [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] and log in 
 +      * If the OpenWRT image you selected does not have LuCI pre-installed,​ telnet in and install LuCI 
 +        * <code bash>​opkg update ; opkg install luci</​code>​ 
 + 
 +You may need to refresh the network connection of your PC: 
 +  * Simply unplugging the LAN cable, waiting 5 seconds, and plugging in back in should do. 
 +    * Worst case, reboot the PC.   
 +  * Some ISP's ASDL/cable modems won't let you back onto the Internet until you: 
 +    - Unplug modem //**and**// router //(~15 sec)// 
 +    - Turn modem back on //**and**// wait for it to fully boot //(~60 sec)// 
 +    - Turn router back on. 
 + 
 +If the firmware you chose has LUCI installed, navigate to [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] and log in.  Change the login password (none set initially):​ 
 +  * This is the **ADMIN** password for the router, **NOT** your //WiFi// password to connect devices. 
 +  * Please be aware, there is no confirmation for the password if set via the login page. It's advisable to set the password via the //System - Administration//​ page or via //telnet//, as it requests a confirmation. 
 + 
 +If the firmware does not have LuCI installed, you will need to telnet into your device using 192.168.1.1 to set an admin password via the command //passwd//. Once a password has been set, you can then use an SSH client to securely log into the router. 
 + 
 +  * WiFi is //​disabled//​ by default and you will need to set ESSIDs and passwords for the two [WiFi] radios. 
 +    * It is recommended to use WPA2-PSK and Force CCMP (AES), as both are the only secure means of encryption. 
 +      * **DO NOT**, //under any circumstances//,​ utilize WPS (WiFi Protected Setup); it's not even remotely secure 
 + 
 +=== OpenWRT --> OEM === 
 +  * It's recommended to first save your OpenWRT configuration for future flashing 
 +    * //​**System** - **Backup/​Flash Firmware** - **Generate Archive**//  
 +    * **Note:** If jumping between big releases of OpenWRT, it's best **not** to restore settings, but instead to set them up by hand again from scratch. 
 + 
 +  - Download image version [[http://​www.protechs-online.com/​downloads/​FW_WRT1900AC_1.1.8.164461_prod.img|1.1.8]] first, using the instructions in the [[toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac:?&#​revert_to_linksys|Revert to Linksys]] section. 
 +  - Login to OpenWRT via [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] 
 +  - //​**System** - **Backup/​Flash Firmware**//​ 
 +  - Choose the Linksys OEM .img file saved from //Revert to Linksys//, untick //**Keep Settings**//,​ then //**Flash Image**// 
 + 
 +  * When updating between OpenWRT builds/​releases,​ it's always recommended to flash back to stock **first**, then reflash OpenWRT from stock  
 +    * This is a precaution that ensures there are no problems in the flashing process. 
 +===== Stock Firmware Recovery ===== 
 +<​sup>​**contributed by edgeman**</​sup>​\\ 
 +Manually switch the WRT1900ac from a trashed [//stock//] flash to the secondary [backup] flash: 
 + 
 +  -  <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​Reset router by pressing reset button until PWR light starts to flash {should take ~ 15 seconds}</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * //Once Power LED stops flashing, power off router with power switch// 
 +  - <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​Turn power back on and Power LED will light.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off router with power switch// 
 +  - <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​Turn power back on and Power LED will light.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off router with power switch// 
 +  - <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​Turn power back on and Power LED will light.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off router with power switch// 
 +  - <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​Turn power back on and Power LED will light.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * //Let router power up completely; it should now be on the alternate firmware//​ 
 + 
 +=== Note: === 
 + 
 +<​sub>​**contributed by //​leitec//​**</​sub>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​This method only works if you had</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​auto_recovery</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ set to <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​on</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ in the boot loader.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * If you look at the serial output of the factory firmware while it's flashing a non-factory image, it'll output something about setting //​auto_recovery//​ to off, because it's not a recognized image. Kaloz recently changed the //​sysupgrade//​ process on the WRT1900ac so that it turns //​auto_recovery//​ on before flashing, ​ then off upon a successful boot of the new image. 
 +<​sub>​**contributed by //​kaloz//​**</​sub>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​In OpenWRT,</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​auto_recovery</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ is only enabled when you're flashing an image; after a successful boot, it's disabled.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * If the new image doesn'​t boot, on the **third** try //​auto_recovery//​ kicks in and boots back the previous (working) version, disabling //​auto_recovery//​ again. 
 +===== TFTP Firmware Flash ===== 
 + 
 +===  Requirements === 
 + 
 +  * USB to TTL cable (see [[toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac:?&#​photos|picture]] below for connectivity)  
 + 
 +  * A working serial interface like [[http://​www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/​~sgtatham/​putty/​download.html|PuTTY]] or [[http://​ttssh2.osdn.jp/​index.html.en|Tera Term]] (set speed to 115200 baud) 
 +    * If using PuTTY, [[http://​1drv.ms/​1BIvNLK|here]] is a pre-built profile to use for the serial connection 
 +  
 +  * A TFTP Server running on a client workstation connected to the WRT1900AC via LAN (such as [[http://​tftpd32.jounin.net/​|TFTP32]]) 
 +    * A pre-built TFTP32 config file can be found [[http://​1drv.ms/​1CAzn5I|here]] and must be placed in the TFTP root folder with the executable 
 +      * You will need to customize the //Base Directory// [BaseDirectory=D:​\TFTP\FLASH] to reflect your directory ​where the image file is located 
 +  * TFTP Server LAN configured with IP Address 192.168.1.20 
 +  * The firmware to load is in the TFTP Server ready for download. 
 +    * Your image file directory must not contain any spaces  
 +      * For example, //​D:​\TFTP\**Image-Directory**\image-name.img//​ 
 + 
 +  * The PuTTY pre-built profile is registry key, so I've also uploaded the same as a text file; all three files (tftp32.ini,​ serial.reg, serial.txt) can be found [[http://​1drv.ms/​1KhyO7l|here]] 
 + 
 +=== Instructions === 
 + 
 +  - With router off, connect USB to TTL cable to router serial port & PC  
 +    * //This assumes you've installed the USB-TTL drivers and set correct COM port & BAUD rate// 
 +  - Manually set your LAN IP to subnet 192.168.1.20/​24 [255.255.255.0] 
 +  - Load Serial profile in PuTTY (should be a blank terminal window) & open TFTP server  
 +  - Boot WRT1900AC (should see u-boot output in terminal window) 
 +  - At the 3 second interrupt boot delay, press any key 
 + 
 +=== U-Boot Commands === 
 + 
 +  * //the **exact** name of the firmware image must be input// 
 +  * //If you want to be 100% sure you're running a firmware image, flash the firmware to both the primary and secondary image locations by substituting://​ 
 +    * **run update_both_images** //in place of// **run flash_pri_image** 
 +<code java> 
 +setenv firmware_name firmware_image_name.img  
 + 
 +setenv ipaddr 192.168.1.1 
 + 
 +setenv netmask 255.255.255.0 
 + 
 +setenv serverip 192.168.1.20 
 + 
 +run flash_pri_image 
 + 
 +OR 
 + 
 +run update_both_images 
 +</​code>​ 
 +===== Corrupt Bootloader Recovery ===== 
 +<​sup>​**contributed by //​nitroshift//​**</​sup>​\\ 
 +<​sup>​For offline use:</​sup>​ <​html><​body><​a href="​http://​1drv.ms/​1MwBReb"​ target="​_blank"><​sup>​PDF</​sup></​a></​body></​html> ​ <​html><​body><​a href="​http://​1drv.ms/​1LQFB8X"​ target="​_blank"><​sup>​DOC</​sup></​a></​body></​html>​ 
 + 
 +=== Prerequisites === 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​00A3FF;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​PC running Linux</​span>​ <span style="​color:#​00A3FF;​font-style:​italic">​(with 32-bit libraries installed if running a 64-bit flavour)</​span></​html>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​00A3FF;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​USB – TTL Cable</​span></​html>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​00A3FF;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Download </​span><​head><​style>​ 
 +a:link { 
 +    color: #00A3FF; 
 +    background-color:​ transparent;​ 
 +    text-decoration:​ none; 
 +
 +a:visited { 
 +    color: #789600; 
 +    background-color:​ transparent;​ 
 +    text-decoration:​ none; 
 +
 +a:hover { 
 +    color: #FF7D00; 
 +    background-color:​ transparent;​ 
 +    text-decoration:​ underline;​ 
 +    font-weight:​bold;​ 
 +
 +a:active { 
 +    color: #AAD200; 
 +    background-color:​ transparent;​ 
 +    text-decoration:​ underline;​ 
 +    font-weight:​bold;​ 
 +
 +</​style></​head><​a href="​https://​github.com/​nitroshift/​wrt1900ac/"​ target="​_blank"><​u>​kwboot files</​u></​a></​span></​html>​ 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​kwboot.tar</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​u-boot-nand.kwb</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * //For transferring to router and writing to **NAND**//​ 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​u-boot-uart.kwb</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * //For booting from **UART**//​ 
 + 
 +=== Instructions === 
 +  - **Terminal root access:** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​sudo –i</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **Install //​kwboot//:​** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​cd /​home/​kwboot/</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * Unzip the archive, then: <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​tar –xvf kwboot.tar</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * Actual compilation of kwboot: <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​gcc kwboot.c</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * Save <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​u-boot-nand.kwb</​span></​html>​ and <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​u-boot-uart.kwb</​span></​html>​ in <​html><​span style="​color:#​506400;​font-style:​italic">/​home/​kwboot/</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **Set //kwboot// as executable:​** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Chmod 777 kwboot</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **Connect USB-TTL to router and PC** <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​(don’power on router)</​span></​html>​** and issue the following command:​** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​dmesg | grep USB</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * Make note of the number after <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">/​dev/​ttyUSB</​span></​html>​ (it’s usually 0), then: 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​chmod 666 /​dev/​ttyUSB0</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **Get router to boot from the UART image:** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​./​kwboot –a –t /​dev/​ttyUSB0 –b u-boot-uart.kwb</​span></​html>​ **__and__** //Power On Router// 
 +      * Note arguments used above: 
 +        * <​html><​span style="​color:#​0080C8;​font-style:​italic"><​b>​-a</​b>​ = use Armada XP timings</​span></​html>​ 
 +        * <​html><​span style="​color:#​0080C8;​font-style:​italic"><​b>​-t</​b>​ = open a terminal in the same window after transfer completes</​span></​html>​ 
 +        * <​html><​span style="​color:#​0080C8;​font-style:​italic"><​b>​-b</​b>​ = file that is to be booted from</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **After transfer finishes, you should be at the** <​html><​span style="​color:#​967800;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Marvell >></​span></​html>​ **prompt:​** 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-weight:​bold">​If you are not:</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * //Power Off Router - Disconnect USB-TTL Cable from PC - Go Back to **Step 3**// 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​647D00;​font-weight:​bold">​If you are:</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * Set up TFTP server on PC //(such as Ubuntu’s//​ <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​tftpd</​span></​html>​ //​package)//​ 
 +      * Put <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​u-boot-nand.kwb</​span></​html>​ in it’s <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic">​tftpboot</​span></​html>​ folder 
 +  - **Set PC IP Address: //​192.168.1.2//,​ connect the PC to one the the router'​s LAN ports with a network cable and issue the following commands at the** <​html><​span style="​color:#​967800;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Marvell >></​span></​html>​ **prompt:​** 
 +    - <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​setenv ipaddr 192.168.1.1</​span></​html>​ 
 +    - <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​setenv serverip 192.168.1.2</​span></​html>​ 
 +    - <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​tftp 2000000 u-boot-nand.kwb</​span></​html>​ 
 +    - <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​nand erase 0 e0000</​span></​html>​ 
 +    - <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​nand write 2000000 0 e0000</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **If the above commands complete successfully,​ reboot router via:**  
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​reset</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * You should see the router booting and stopping at the <​html><​span style="​color:#​967800;​font-style:​italic">​Marvell >></​span></​html>​ prompt 
 +  - **Download the firmware image for WRT1900ac and save it to** <​html><​span style="​color:#​6E6E6E;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​tftpboot</​span></​html>​**:​** 
 +    * At the <​html><​span style="​color:#​967800;​font-style:​italic">​Marvell >></​span></​html>​ prompt issue the following commands: 
 +      * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​tftp 192.168.1.2</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​get</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:#​0080C8;​font-style:​italic">​[firmware image name]</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-weight:​bold">​IMPORTANT:</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * After transfer completes successfully,​ <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​DO NOT issue</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * <​html><​span style="​color:#​ff0000;​font-style:​italic">​run flash_pri_image</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-weight:​bold">​or</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:#​ff0000;​font-style:​italic">​run flash_alt_image</​span></​html>​ 
 +        * Either will <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​brick</​span></​html>​ the router again sending you back to Step 3 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​C80000;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Instead:</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​run_linksysnandboot</​span></​html>​ 
 +        * If it fails, issue: <​html><​span style="​color:#​789600;​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​run_linksysaltnandboot</​span></​html>​ 
 +  - **Allow router to boot fully:** 
 +    * Verify it’s up and running correctly via the web management interface 
 +    * Finally, //Power Off Router - Disconnect USB-TTL Cable -  Power Back On// 
 + 
 + 
 +<​html><​center><​sup>​ 
 +<span style="​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​Sources:</​span>​ 
 +<​br><​body><​a href="​https://​github.com/​nitroshift/​wrt1900ac/​wiki/"​ target="​_blank">​Nitroshift'​s Tutorial</​a>​ 
 +<​br><​span style="​font-style:​italic;​font-weight:​bold">​This wouldn'​t have been possible without the help of Stefan Roel, from the authors of: </​span><​body><​a href="​http://​www.denx.de"​ target="​_blank"><​u>​U-boot</​u></​a></​body>​ 
 +</​sup></​body></​center></​html>​ 
 +===== Video Tutorials ===== 
 + 
 +=== Linux === 
 + 
 +  * <​sub>//​Coming Soon - by lifehacksback//</​sub>​ 
 + 
 +=== Mac === 
 + 
 +  * [[http://​youtu.be/​hcmtxdHkB4Y|lifehacksback'​s Tutorial]] 
 + 
 +=== Windows === 
 + 
 +  * <​sub>//​Coming Soon - by lifehacksback//</​sub>​ 
 +===== Serial Port ===== 
 + 
 +=== Header === 
 + 
 +  * Serial Port is labeled **J1** on the board and utilizes a **JST PH 6 pin** connector with a **2.0mm pitch** 
 +  * The more common 2.54mm pitch connectors will not fit properly - this includes the female connectors on popular USB-TTL adapters; however, removing the plastic casing from 2.54mm female connectors allows for a stable enough connection in a pinch. 
 + 
 +  * The correct JST PH 6 connector w/cable can be purchased online (eBay listings are common). 
 + 
 +=== Pin Out === 
 + 
 +^  Pin 1  ^  Pin 2  ^  Pin 3  ^  Pin 4  ^  Pin 5  ^  Pin 6  ^ 
 +|  GND  |  RX  |  ?  |  TX  |  ?  |  +3.3  |  
 + 
 + 
 +=== Photos === 
 + 
 +^  Serial Header w/attached JST PH6 cable  ^  Typical JST PH6 cable  ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_header.jpg?​direct&​408|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​jst_ph_6.jpg|}} ​ | 
 + 
 +  * While the picture above shows leads 3 & 5 cut, it's **not** recommended to do so so.  De-pinning the leads would be recommended. 
 +    * De-pinning 
 +      *  use a small pick tool or paperclip to release the metal lock tab located on the top or bottom of the pin inside the plastic header. Depending on the style of terminal used in the header, the lock tab will accessible either from the back (most likely) or front (not common) of the terminal lead  
 +==== 3.5mm Jack ==== 
 + 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​One example of a simple connection is the use of a 3.5mm stereo headphone jack, like the Philmore 504K [shown below] or a USB-TTL AJ (Audio Jack) cable. ​ Avoid using any 3.5mm jack smaller than this type, as there will not be sufficient threads for the nut that holds the jack to the casing.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    *//There are number of different versions of the 3.5mm female jack, some are barrel shaped like the Philmore, others are square shaped; some have terminals that point vertically, while others have terminals that point horizontally (it's user preference as to which one to use).// 
 +      * //Female 3.5mm terminal jacks come in 6 types, 1 pin through 6 pin. **The one purchased must be at least a 3 pin.**//  
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​A number of companies sell pre-made USB-TTL AJ cables; of which, Pin 2 (Rx) will be the tip of the 3.5mm jack, and Pin 3 (Tx) will be the ring on the 3.5mm jack, and Pin 5 (Gnd) will be the Ground connector on the 3.5mm.</​span></​html>​ 
 +       * //Inside the upper black housing, next to the antenna connector on the right side (front) of the unit, there is space for the 3.5mm socket.// 
 +       * //On the inside of this housing, there are several ridges top to bottom, using a diagonal cutter you can easily trim one of these off to make space for this connector.//​ 
 +       * //A 1/4" hole in the housing will let this mount easily.// 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:#​C86400;​font-weight:​bold">​For final assembly, be sure to insulate your connections on the 3.5mm jack; adhesive lined heat-shrink tubing around the soldered connection would be ideal for this.</​span></​html>​ 
 +       * //While regular shrink tubing will work, adhesive lined provides strong stability to the joint it covers due to the thicker wall & rigidity from the adhesive once cured.// 
 + 
 +=== Photos === 
 + 
 +^  Philmore 504K  ^  Finished Connection ​ ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_Serial_jack.jpg?​direct&​200|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_outside.jpg?​direct&​320|}} ​ | 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +===== Arduino ===== 
 + 
 +You can also use a RS-232 Serial to USB-TTL converter (MAX3232 below) or an Arduino. 
 + 
 +|**WRT1900ac**|**VCC 3.3v**|**TX**|**RX**|**GND**| 
 +|Arduino|3.3| PIN 0|PIN 1|GND| 
 + 
 +  * [[http://​www.arduino.cc/​en/​uploads/​Main/​ArduinoUno_R3_Front.jpg|Arduino]] 
 +=== MAX232 RS-232 === 
 + 
 +  * The MAX3232 RS-232 Line Driver chip can be purchased as a breakout board from a number of sources, an example of this is shown below. 
 +    * This chip will convert the TTL level RS-232 signals to the standard 12v voltage used by most RS-232 interfaces. 
 +=== Photos === 
 + 
 +^  MAX3232 Board  ^  Underside of MAX3232 ​ ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_MAX3232.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_MAX3232-2.jpg?​direct&​272|}} ​ | 
 + 
 +  * Boards will differ on exact connections,​ just be sure you connect the TTL side to the WRT1900AC, and the RS-232 side to your external connector. 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +==== Older news ==== 
 + 
 +<​sup>//​The following information has been superceded by current builds, and is included ​only for historical interest.// <​del>​WRT1900AC was announced ​on 6th of January 2014 as a router developed to be used with OpenWrt. Despite Linksys'​ announcement of working with OpenWrt community, no patches and no info were shared for the next several months. You can read the Official statement re: OpenWrt support for Linksys WRT1900AC at https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=230686 
 + 
 +  * On the 3rd of April 2014 Belkin posted link to ftp server containing patches adding WRT1900AC support. They couldn'​t be applied because of being incorrectly posted, not signed off and adding binary wireless driver ''​ap8x.ko''​. 
 +  * 5 days later a patchset in the form of single e-mail was posted to the openwrt-devel. It was malformed and not signed off, so still couldn'​t be applied. Release of wireless driver has been postponed. 
 +  * Linksys started shipping on 10th or April 
 +  * Wireless driver was [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=242104#p242104|announced to stay closed source]] on 30th of July. It'll likely consist of pre-built closed source part (so called "​library"​) and probably some open source file calling kernel APIs. 
 +  * Oddly, the wireless driver [[https://​github.com/​TheDgtl/​mrvl_wlan_v7drv|source]] was later distributed as part of the GPL release of the stock Linksys firmware. ​ This driver requires significant refactoring before it can be included in OpenWRT.</​del>​
  
-OEM source code available at: [[link]]+<​del>​At this point it is not possible to compile a fully working (including WiFi) customized OpenWrt build for WRT1900AC. 
 +</​del>​
  
-===== Hardware Highlights ===== +<​del>​On Christmas Eve 2014, Marvell ​released an updated driver for the 88W8864 WiFi chip as found in the WRT1900AC to the openwrt developers mailing list
-^ SoC ^ Ram ^ Flash ^ Network ^ USB ^ Serial ^ JTag ^ +
-Marvell ​MV78230 | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | |  |  |  |+
  
-FIXME TODOcopypaste from [[meta/template_device]]+https://​lists.openwrt.org/​pipermail/​openwrt-devel/​2014-December/​030229.html
  
 +At this time it is now possible to compile an image off trunk with this new driver. A prebuilt image can be found here: https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​snapshots/​trunk/​mvebu/​
 +</​del></​sup>​
  
-Manufacturer'​s site: [[http://​www.linksys.com/​en-eu/​products/​routers/​WRT1900AC | Linksys WRT1900AC]]+----
  
 ===== Tags ===== ===== Tags =====
 For some Help with the Tags, please have a look here: [[meta/​tags]] For some Help with the Tags, please have a look here: [[meta/​tags]]
  
-{{tag>​GigabitEthernet FastEthernet 2NIC 2WNIC 5Port USB 1USB 802.11ac}}+{{tag>​GigabitEthernet FastEthernet 2NIC 2WNIC 5Port USB 1USB Serial MiniPCIexpress ​802.11ac}}
toh/linksys/wrt1900ac.1406926561.txt.bz2 · Last modified: 2014/08/01 22:56 by zajec