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toh:linksys:wrt1900ac [2014/08/01 22:56]
zajec Info about keeping WiFi driver closed
toh:linksys:wrt1900ac [2015/07/05 18:11] (current)
JW0914 [TFTP Firmware Flash via USB - TTL]
Line 1: Line 1:
-====== Linksys ​WRT1900AC ​======+====== Linksys ​WRT1900ac ​======
  
-WRT1900AC was announced on 6th of January 2014 as a router developed ​to be used with OpenWrt. Despite Linksys announcement ​of working ​with OpenWrt community no patches and no info was shared for the next months.+The WRT1900ac is beginning ​to work well with the CC development release, and a new wifi driver has come from Marvel fixing a myriad ​of problems.  
 +  * Latest trunk image with a 3.18 kernel shows improvement in network performance 
 +    * However, many people report problems ​with the nightly builds [Trunk], so you should only think about installing OpenWRT if you're prepared to do some troubleshooting,​ albeit minor for most.
  
-  ​On the 3rd of April Belkin posted link to ftp server containing patches adding ​WRT1900AC ​support. They couldn'​t be applied because ​of being incorrectly posted, not signed off and adding binary wireless driver ''​ap8x.ko''​. +=== Latest Forum Discussion === 
-  * 5 days later a patchset in the form of single e-mail was posted to the openwrt-develIt was malformed and not signed off, so still couldn'​t be applied. Release of wireless driver has been postponed. +  ​Firmware for the WRT1900AC ​is evolving rapidly; there is good discussion ​of the current state of the firmware at: 
-  * Linksys started shipping on 10th or April +    * [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=274533#​p274533|Late ​April 2015]] 
-  Wireless driver was [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=242104#p242104|announced to stay closed source]] on 30th of July. It'll likely consist of pre-built closed source part (so called "​library"​) and probably some open source file calling kernel APIs.+    * [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=281726#p281726|Late June 2015]]
  
-At this point it is not possible to compile a fully working (including WiFi) customized OpenWrt build for WRT1900AC.+=== Current Unresolved Issues === 
 +  * [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues|WRT1900AC ​WiFi Bug Reports]] 
 +    - [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues/​20|Wireless goes offline if only one client is left connected]] 
 +    - [[https://​github.com/​kaloz/​mwlwifi/​issues/​21|Router randomly halts after connect/​disconnect to wireless AP]]
  
-See also [[https://forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=230686|Update on Linksys ​WRT1900AC ​support]] forum thread ​for official statement.+  * [[https://dev.openwrt.org|WRT1900AC ​Bug Reports]] 
 +===== Obtaining Firmware Images ===== 
 +Official OpenWRT support ​for the WRT1900ac started under Chaos Calmer [CC] which, at the time of writing, is “trunk”;​ there may be issues here and there  
 +  * OpenWRT released the second RC on June 13, 2015: [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc2/​mvebu/​generic/​|Chaos Calmer 15.05 RC2]] 
  
-===== Supported Versions ===== +There are several sources for current builds of OpenWRT for the Linksys WRT1900AC. 
-^ Version/Model ^ Launch Date ^ S/N ^ OpenWrt Version Supported ^ Model Specific Notes ^ +  * **Note:​** ​ 
-| v1   ​| ​ 2014-03 ​ | - |  -  | - +    * These are from [[https://downloads.openwrt.org/​snapshots/​trunk/​mvebu/​generic/​|Trunk]], so you may have issues either now or in the future installing additional software packages on the router, as Trunk is a moving target. 
-| v1.1 |  2014-x ​  | - |  -  | - |+    * //Some of these builds do not have the LuCI web GUI installed.// To install LuCI, ssh/telnet to the router and follow these directions: [[http://​wiki.OpenWRT.org/​doc/​howto/​luci.essentials|LuCI Essentials]]
  
-**NOTE:** Anything not included in model specific notesor where a short comment couldn't be included ​on the [[#notes]].+  - As of June 13, 2015 OpenWRT developers have released the second RC of CC. We recommend and encourage the use of this release as we want to converge on a single base for the purpose of bug reporting and general stability improvements until the official release of CC. Download can be found here:  
 +      ​[[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc2/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc2-mvebu-armada-xp-linksys-mamba-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1900AC v1]] 
 +      ​[[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc2/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc2-mvebu-armada-385-linksys-cobra-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1900AC v2]] 
 +      ​[[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​chaos_calmer/​15.05-rc2/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-15.05-rc2-mvebu-armada-385-linksys-caiman-squashfs-factory.img|WRT1200AC v1]] 
 +        ​**Applicable to all RC builds:**// If you receive dependency errors when installing pkgsit's probably because your opkg.conf is pointing to the trunk repository. To correct this:// <​code>​rm /​etc/​opkg.conf ; cp /​rom/​etc/​opkg.conf /​etc/​opkg.conf ; opkg update 
 +opkg install <​whatever></​code>​ 
 +  - Official CC snapshot release from OpenWRT downloads page: [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​snapshots/​trunk/​mvebu/​generic/​openwrt-mvebu-armada-xp-linksys-mamba-squashfs-factory.img|Trunk]] //(This will always have the latest trunk build.)// Currently based on 3.18 kernel, it is a bare minimum build so you will have to use opkg to add LuCI and any other extra packages.  
 +    * //Current state of the [[http://​buildbot.OpenWRT.org:​8010/​builders/​mvebu|CC BuildBot]]// 
 +  - <​del>​Lifehacksback evolving snapshots of trunk (both 3.18 and 4.0 kernel builds) [[http://​tinyurl.com/​Lifehacksback-Testing-CC|Lifehacksback Testing CC]]</​del>​  
 +    * //I have taken down my images until the final release of CC is out, I suggest using **option 1**.// 
 +  - Kaloz'​s evolving snapshots of trunk (<​del>​includes 4.0 kernel,</​del>​ LuCI, plus other packages) Incorporates latest bug fixes/​features. ​ [[https://​downloads.openwrt.org/​people/​kaloz/​|Kaloz'​s Build]] 
 +    * //As of this writing (2015.07.01),​ due to last update being 4/23 on kernel 3.18.11, it is recommended to use RC2 from 6/13//  
 +  - To revert to Linksys: [[http://​support.linksys.com/​en-us/​support/​routers/​WRT1900AC|OEM Stock Firmware]].  
 +    * //Choose downloads, hardware version, then click the download link under Firmware.//​ 
 +    * <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold">​Update:</​span></​html>​ 
 +      * //As of this writing (6-11-2015),​ flash to 1.1.8// <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​first</​span></​html>//,​ then update to latest image from Linksys shown above. (Flashing directly to the latest [1.1.9] results in greyed out fields, where users are unable to proceed with the install.)//​ 
 +        * [[http://​www.protechs-online.com/​downloads/​FW_WRT1900AC_1.1.8.164461_prod.img|Linksys OEM 1.1.8 Image]]
  
-OEM source code available at: [[link]]+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 +<​sup> ​ * Chadster'​s McWRT release of the old AA version ​[[https://​github.com/​Chadster766/​McWRT|McWRT]]. This was based on Attitude Adjustment code, which is obsolete and not supported anymore by its maintainer. //**Do not use this build**// - any of the builds above supersede it. //*Included only for historical interest*//</​sup>​
  
 +
 +
 +===== Supported Versions =====
 +^ Version/ Model ^ Launch Date ^ S/N ^ OpenWrt Version Supported ^ Model Specific Notes ^
 +| v1 "​Mamba"​ |  2014-03 ​ | XXX10XXXXXXXXX |  Trunk 43773 (as of 2014-12-25) ​ | Kernel 3.18 recommended (better SoC support compared to Chaos Calmer'​s 3.14 kernel) ​ |
 +| v2 "​Cobra"​ |  2015-04 ​ | XXX20XXXXXXXXX |  -  | v2 requires it's own build. Make sure you are using one labeled "​v2"​ |
 +<​sup>//​Anything not included in model specific notes, or where a short comment couldn'​t be included on the [[#​notes]].//</​sup>​\\
 +  * **WRT1900ac**
 +    * [[http://​support.linksys.com/​en-us/​gplcodecenter?​gplsku=#​WRT1900AC|OEM Source Code]]
 +    * v1 //vs// v2 [[https://​community.linksys.com/​t5/​Wireless-Routers/​WRT1900AC-V2/​td-p/​940588|Identification]]
 +  * **WRT1200ac**
 +    * Has similar hardware and needs specific build: "//​Caiman//"​
 ===== Hardware Highlights ===== ===== Hardware Highlights =====
-^ SoC ^ Ram ^ Flash ^ Network ^ USB ^ Serial ^ JTag ^ +^ HW Version ​^ SoC ^ Ram ^ Flash ^ Network ^ USB ^ Serial ^ JTag ^ eSata 
-| Marvell MV78230 | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | |  |  |  |+| v1 | Marvell MV78230 | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | | 1x2.0 1x3.0 | Yes | | Yes | 
 +| v2 | Marvell Armada 38X(?) | 256 MiB | 128 MiB | | 1x2.0 1x3.0 | Yes(?) | | Yes | 
 + 
 +  * [[https://​scontent.xx.fbcdn.net/​hphotos-xtf1/​v/​t1.0-9/​11407211_1404208493241367_8209389710117473620_n.jpg?​oh=3c5dc941cd5c0e8092a16b4958ecf1fa&​oe=55FB1D89|Hardware Specs]] 
 +  * [[https://​s3.amazonaws.com/​Justin.Schuhmann/​images/​wrt1900ac+port+layout.png|Port Layout]] 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +===== Bootlog ===== 
 +  * **OEM** 
 +    * <​HTML>​ 
 +<p style="​padding:​ 10px;​border:​1px solid grey;​height:​300px;​font:​10px/​14px Georgia, Garamond, Serif;​overflow:​Auto;​background-color:#​FFFFFF">​ 
 +<​code>​ 
 +BootROM 1.20 
 +Booting from NAND flash 
 +Step 1: First phase of PEX-PIPE Configuration 
 +Step 2: Configure the desire PIN_PHY_GEN 
 +Step 3 QSGMII enable 
 +Step 4: Configure SERDES MUXes 
 +Step 5: Activate the RX High Impedance Mode 
 +Step 6: [PEX-Only] PEX-Main configuration (X4 or X1) 
 +Step 6.2: [PEX-Only] PCI Express Link Capabilities 
 +Step 7: [PEX-X4 Only] To create PEX-Link 
 +Steps 7,8,9,10 and 11 
 +Steps 12: [PEX-Only] Last phase of PEX-PIPE ConfigurationSteps 13: Wait 15ms before checking resultsSteps 14: [PEX-Only] ​ In order to configureSteps 15: [PEX-On 
 +ly]  In order to configureSteps 16: [PEX-Only] Training Enablestep 17: max_if= 0x7 
 +step 17:  PEX0  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability 
 + ​-->​ 0050 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0050 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ 7001 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ A005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ 4C12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX1  pexUnit= 0 
 +step 17:  PEX2  pexUnit= 0 
 +** Link is Gen1, check the EP capability 
 + ​-->​ 0040 
 +mvPexConfigRead:​ return addr=0x%x0040 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 5001 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 7005 
 + ​-->​ 0010 
 + ​-->​ DC12 
 +Gen2 client! 
 +step 17:  PEX3  pexUnit= 0 
 +PEX3 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x0004DA64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX4  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX4 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00081A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX5  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX5 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00085A64) = 0x00000001 
 +step 17:  PEX6  pexUnit= 1 
 +PEX6 : Detected No Link. Status Reg(0x00089A64) = 0x00000001 
 +                                                            DDR3 Training Sequence - Ver 4.5.DDR3 Training Sequence - Static MC Init 
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - HW Training Procedure 
 +DDR3 Training Sequence - Switching XBAR Window to FastPath Window 
 +BootROM: Image checksum verification PASSED 
 + 
 + ​__ ​  ​__ ​                     _ _ 
 + ​\/ ​ | __ _ _ ____   ​_____| | | 
 +| |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | | 
 +| |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | | 
 +|_|  |_|\__,​_|_| ​   \_/ \___|_|_| 
 +         ​_ ​  ​_ ​    ​____ ​             _ 
 +        | | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_ 
 +        | | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __| 
 +        | |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_ 
 +         ​\___/ ​   |____/ \___/ \___/ \__| 
 + ** LOADER ** 
 + 
 + 
 +U-Boot 2011.12 (Feb 06 2014 - 17:14:13) Marvell version: v2011.12 2013_Q1.2 
 + 
 +Boot version:​v1.3.25 
 + 
 +Board: RD-AXP-GP rev 1.0 
 +SoC:   ​MV78230 B0 
 +       ​running 2 CPUs 
 +       ​Custom configuration 
 +CPU:   ​Marvell PJ4B (584) v7 (Rev 2) LE 
 +       CPU 0 
 +       ​CPU ​   @ 1200 [MHz] 
 +       ​L2 ​    @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       ​TClock @ 250 [MHz] 
 +       ​DDR ​   @ 600 [MHz] 
 +       DDR 32Bit Width, FastPath Memory Access 
 +       DDR ECC Disabled 
 +DRAM:  256 MiB 
 + 
 +Map:   ​Code: ​           0x0fea7000:​0x0ff5e2d4 
 +       ​BSS: ​            ​0x0ffefd80 
 +       ​Stack: ​          ​0x0f9a6ef8 
 +       ​Heap: ​           0x0f9a7000:​0x0fea7000 
 + 
 +NAND:  Spansion 1Gb(ID=F101) 128 MiB 
 +MMC:   ​MRVL_MMC:​ 0 
 +Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 +nand_read_bbt:​ Bad block at 0x000001ca0000 
 + 
 + 
 +#### auto_recovery #### 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == yes 
 +[u_env] get auto_recovery == yes 
 +[u_env] get boot_part == 1 
 +[u_env] get boot_part_ready == 3 
 +auto_recovery enabled:1, boot_part:​1,​ boot_part_ready:​3 
 + 
 +[boot_count_read] block:​0x140000,​ size:256KB, records:​128 
 +[boot_count_read_record] boot_count:​2,​ next_record:​42 
 + 
 +[boot_count_write] erase:0, auto_recovery->​block_offset:​0x140000 
 + 
 +Updating boot_count ... 
 +[boot_count_write] offset:​0x155000 , length:​2048 
 +done 
 + 
 +PEX 0.0(0): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.1(1): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 1.1 
 +PEX 0.2(2): Root Complex Interface, Detected Link X1, GEN 2.0 
 +PEX 0.3(3): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.0(4): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.1(5): Detected No Link. 
 +PEX 1.2(6): Detected No Link. 
 + 
 +boot_end Offset: 0x100000 
 +u_env_off Offset: 0x100000 
 +s_env_off Offset: 0x140000 
 +devinfo Offset: 0x900000 
 + 
 +=================== 
 +total_badCount:​ 0 
 +boot_badCount:​ 0 
 +u_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +s_env_badCount:​ 0 
 +buff_badCount:​ 0 
 +=================== 
 + 
 +FPU initialized to Run Fast Mode. 
 +USB 0: Host Mode 
 +USB 1: Host Mode 
 +USB 2: Device Mode 
 +Modules Detected: 
 +mvEthE6171SwitchBasicInit finished 
 +Net:   ​mvSysNetaInit enter 
 +set port 0 to rgmii enter 
 +set port 1 to rgmii enter 
 +egiga0 [PRIME], egiga1 
 +modify Phy Status 
 +auto_recovery_check changes bootcmd: run nandboot 
 +Hit any key to stop autoboot: ​ 0 
 + 
 +NAND read: device 0 offset 0xa00000, size 0x400000 
 + ​4194304 bytes read: OK 
 +## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 02000000 ... 
 +   Image Name:   ​Linux-3.2.40 
 +   ​Created: ​     2014-06-20 ​ 21:50:04 UTC 
 +   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed) 
 +   Data Size:    3856032 Bytes = 3.7 MiB 
 +   Load Address: 00008000 
 +   Entry Point: ​ 00008000 
 +   ​Verifying Checksum ... OK 
 +   ​Loading Kernel Image ... OK 
 +OK 
 + 
 +Starting kernel ... 
 + 
 +Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel. 
 +Booting Linux on physical CPU 0 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpuset 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpu 
 +Linux version 3.2.40 (root@build-vm) (gcc version 4.6.4 20120731 (prerelease) (Linaro GCC branch-4.6.4. Marvell GCC 201301-1645.aee66e26) ) #1 SMP Fri Jun 20 14 
 +:49:46 PDT 2014 
 +CPU: Marvell PJ4Bv7 Processor [562f5842] revision 2 (ARMv7), cr=10c53c7d 
 +CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, PIPT instruction cache 
 +Machine: Marvell Armada XP GP Board 
 +Using UBoot passing parameters structure 
 +Reserving training memory: base=0x ​ (null) size=0x2800 
 +Memory policy: ECC disabled, Data cache writealloc 
 +SMP: init cpus 
 +PERCPU: Embedded 7 pages/cpu @c09c7000 s6944 r8192 d13536 u32768 
 +Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 65024 
 +Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,​115200 mtdparts=armada-nand:​1024K(uboot)ro,​256K(u_env),​256K(s_env),​1m@9m(devinfo),​40m@10m(kernel),​37m@13m(rootfs),​40m@50m(alt 
 +_kernel),​37m@53m(alt_rootfs),​80m@10m(ubifs),​-@90m(syscfg) root=/​dev/​mtdblock5 ro rootfstype=jffs2 init=/​sbin/​init 
 +PID hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +Dentry cache hash table entries: 32768 (order: 5, 131072 bytes) 
 +Inode-cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +allocated 1048576 bytes of page_cgroup 
 +please try '​cgroup_disable=memory'​ option if you don't want memory cgroups 
 +Memory: 256MB = 256MB total 
 +Memory: 250768k/​250768k available, 11376k reserved, 0K highmem 
 +Virtual kernel memory layout: 
 +    vector ​ : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000 ​  ​( ​  4 kB) 
 +    fixmap ​ : 0xfff00000 - 0xfffe0000 ​  ( 896 kB) 
 +    vmalloc : 0xd0800000 - 0xfa800000 ​  ( 672 MB) 
 +    lowmem ​ : 0xc0000000 - 0xd0000000 ​  ( 256 MB) 
 +    pkmap   : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000 ​  ​( ​  2 MB) 
 +    modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000 ​  ​( ​ 14 MB) 
 +      .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc06fcf4c ​  (7124 kB) 
 +      .init : 0xc06fd000 - 0xc0733b20 ​  ( 219 kB) 
 +      .data : 0xc0734000 - 0xc076fb80 ​  ( 239 kB) 
 +       .bss : 0xc076fba4 - 0xc07c3f28 ​  ( 337 kB) 
 +Hierarchical RCU implementation. 
 +        RCU debugfs-based tracing is enabled. 
 +NR_IRQS:​211 
 +Initializing ArmadaXP SOC Timer 0 
 +sched_clock:​ 32 bits at 25MHz, resolution 40ns, wraps every 171798ms 
 +Calibrating delay loop... 1191.11 BogoMIPS (lpj=5955584) 
 +pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301 
 +Mount-cache hash table entries: 512 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys debug 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys memory 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys devices 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys freezer 
 +Initializing cgroup subsys blkio 
 +CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok 
 +CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000 
 +SMP: prepare CPUs (4 cores) 
 +Setting Clocks for secondary CPUs 
 +Armada-XP Performance Monitor Unit detected (Marvell ID)!!! 
 +hw perfevents: enabled with Armada PJ4 PMU driver, 7 counters available 
 +SMP: CPU 0 Waking up CPU 1 
 +CPU1: Booted secondary processor 
 +CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001 
 +Brought up 2 CPUs 
 +SMP: Total of 2 processors activated (2382.23 BogoMIPS). 
 +devtmpfs: initialized 
 +xor: measuring software checksum speed 
 +   ​arm4regs ​ :  1159.600 MB/sec 
 +   ​8regs ​    : ​  ​864.800 MB/sec 
 +   ​32regs ​   :  1066.000 MB/sec 
 +xor: using function: arm4regs (1159.600 MB/sec) 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 16 
 +Aurora: Working in ARMv7 mode 
 +L0 cache Enabled 
 +Speculative Prefetch Disabled 
 +Aurora L2 Cache Enabled 
 +Support IO coherency. 
 + 
 +  Marvell Armada-XP RD-AXP-GP rev 1.0 Board -  Soc: MV78230 B0 LE 
 +  Detected Tclk 250000000, SysClk 600000000, FabricClk 600000000, PClk 1200000000 
 +  LSP version: linux-3.2.y-2013_Q1.2p2 - WIFI_RD RC 
 + 
 +registered dev#0 asa ehci_marvell 
 +Marvell USB EHCI Host controller #0: cf8b4a00 
 +registered dev#1 asa ehci_marvell 
 +Marvell USB EHCI Host controller #1: cf8b4800 
 +registered dev#2 asa mv_udc 
 +Marvell USB Gadget controller #2: cf8b4600 
 +bio: create slab <​bio-0>​ at 0 
 +raid6: int32x1 ​   137 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x2 ​   211 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x4 ​   208 MB/s 
 +raid6: int32x8 ​   243 MB/s 
 +raid6: using algorithm int32x8 (243 MB/s) 
 +vgaarb: loaded 
 +SCSI subsystem initialized 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver hub 
 +usbcore: registered new interface driver ethub 
 +usbcore: registered new device driver usb 
 +Sangoma WANPIPE Router v1.1 (c) 1995-2000 Sangoma Technologies Inc. 
 +Switching to clocksource axp_clocksource 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 2 
 +IP route cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes) 
 +TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes) 
 +TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192) 
 +TCP reno registered 
 +UDP hash table entries: 128 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +UDP-Lite hash table entries: 128 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 1 
 +RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered udp transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered tcp transport module. 
 +RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module. 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #0 (controller #0): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #1 (controller #1): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #2 (controller #2): Enabled - Link UP 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #3 (controller #3): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #4 (controller #4): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #5 (controller #5): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI-E: Cheking physical bus #6 (controller #6): Enabled - No Link 
 +PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +PCI: bus2: Fast back to back transfers disabled 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2400000-0xf24fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2400000-0xf24fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2400000-0xf24fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf2500000-0xf25fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​02:​00.0:​ BAR 2: set to [mem 0xf2500000-0xf25fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2500000-0xf25fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2200000-0xf22fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2200000-0xf22fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2200000-0xf22fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 2: assigned [mem 0xf2300000-0xf23fffff 64bit pref] 
 +pci 0000:​01:​00.0:​ BAR 2: set to [mem 0xf2300000-0xf23fffff 64bit pref] (PCI address [0xf2300000-0xf23fffff]) 
 +pci 0000:​00:​00.0:​ BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xf2000000-0xf2007fff 64bit] 
 +pci 0000:​00:​00.0:​ BAR 0: set to [mem 0xf2000000-0xf2007fff 64bit] (PCI address [0xf2000000-0xf2007fff]) 
 +cesadev_init(c0704a94) 
 +mvCesaInit: channels=2, session=640,​ queue=64 
 +Armada XP hwmon thermal sensor initialized. 
 +ArmadaXP Power Managament Suspend Operations Initialized 
 +Initializing Armada-XP CPU power management ​ (WFI) 
 +squashfs: version 4.0 (2009/​01/​31) Phillip Lougher 
 +nfs4filelayout_init:​ NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering... 
 +JFFS2 version 2.2. (NAND) B) 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc. 
 +SGI XFS with security attributes, large block/inode numbers, no debug enabled 
 +msgmni has been set to 489 
 +async_tx: api initialized (async) 
 +io scheduler noop registered 
 +io scheduler deadline registered 
 +io scheduler cfq registered (default) 
 +Initializing ths8200_init 
 +mv_xor_shared mv_xor_shared.0:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +mv_xor_shared mv_xor_shared.1:​ Marvell shared XOR driver 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.0: Marvell XOR: ( xor cpy ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.1: Marvell XOR: ( xor fill cpy ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.2: Marvell XOR: ( xor ) 
 +mv_xor mv_xor.3: Marvell XOR: ( fill cpy ) 
 +HDLC line discipline maxframe=4096 
 +N_HDLC line discipline registered. 
 +Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled 
 +serial8250.0:​ ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 41) is a 16550A 
 +console [ttyS0] enabled 
 +loop: module loaded 
 +sata_mv sata_mv.0: cannot get clkdev 
 +sata_mv sata_mv.0: slots 32 ports 2 
 +scsi0 : sata_mv 
 +scsi1 : sata_mv 
 +ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 55 
 +ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 55 
 + 
 +INFO: Found cfi_flash_0 0 - base 0xf4000000, size 0x2000000, bus 2 
 +INFO: Found spi_flash 0 - base 0xf6000000, size 0x1000000 
 +INFO: flashInfoFill - Found 2 Flash Devices 
 +INFO: flash_map_init - detected 2 devices 
 +MTD: Initialize the cfi_flash_0 device at address 0xf4000000 
 + 
 +INFO: Io remapped successfully - phy addr = 0xf4000000, virt addr = 0xd1000000 
 +INFO: Using cfi_probe to probe cfi_flash_0 at address 0xf4000000, size 0x2000000, width 2m - Not detected - FAILED! 
 +MTD: Initialize the spi_flash device at address 0xf6000000 
 + 
 +INFO: Io remapped successfully - phy addr = 0xf6000000, virt addr = 0xd4000000 
 +INFO: Using sflash to probe spi_flash at address 0xf6000000, size 0x1000000, width 2mmvSFlashInit ERROR: Unknown SPI flash device! 
 +ERROR: sflash_probe - Failed to initialize the SFlash. - Not detected - FAILED! 
 +armada-nand armada-nand.0:​ Initialize HAL based NFC in 8bit mode with DMA Disabled using BCH 4bit ECC 
 +NAND Spansion 1Gb(ID=F101) 
 +NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x01, Chip ID: 0xf1 (AMD NAND 128MiB 3,3V 8-bit) 
 +Bad block table found at page 65472, version 0x01 
 +Bad block table found at page 65408, version 0x01 
 +nand_read_bbt:​ bad block at 0x000001ca0000 
 +10 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device armada-nand 
 +10 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device armada-nand 
 +Creating 10 MTD partitions on "​armada-nand":​ 
 +0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "​uboot"​ 
 +0x000000100000-0x000000140000 : "​u_env"​ 
 +0x000000140000-0x000000180000 : "​s_env"​ 
 +0x000000900000-0x000000a00000 : "​devinfo"​ 
 +0x000000a00000-0x000003200000 : "​kernel"​ 
 +0x000000d00000-0x000003200000 : "​rootfs"​ 
 +0x000003200000-0x000005a00000 : "​alt_kernel"​ 
 +0x000003500000-0x000005a00000 : "​alt_rootfs"​ 
 +0x000000a00000-0x000005a00000 : "​ubifs"​ 
 +0x000005a00000-0x000008000000 : "​syscfg"​ 
 +mv_eth_probe:​ port_mask=0xf,​ cpu_mask=0x3 
 +mvPncVirtBase = 0xd0a00000 
 +  o 4 Giga ports supported 
 +  o SKB recycle supported (Enabled) 
 +  o NETA acceleration mode 3 
 +  o PnC supported (Enabled) 
 +  o RX Queue support: 8 Queues * 128 Descriptors 
 +  o TX Queue support: 8 Queues * 532 Descriptors 
 +  o GSO supported 
 +  o GRO supported 
 +  o Receive checksum offload supported 
 +  o Transmit checksum offload supported 
 +  o Driver ERROR statistics enabled 
 + 
 +  o Loading Switch QuarterDeck driver 
 +    o Device ID     : 0x172 
 +    o No. of Ports  : 7 
 +    o CPU Port      : 5 
 +  o Loading network interface(s) 
 + 
 +  o Port 0 is connected to Linux netdevice 
 +        giga p=0: mtu=1500, mac=cf833eec 
 +    o eth0, ifindex = 2, GbE port = 0 
 + 
 +  o Port 1 is connected to Linux netdevice 
 +        giga p=1: mtu=1500, mac=cf833eec 
 +    o eth1, ifindex = 3, GbE port = 1 
 + 
 +  o Warning: GbE port 2 is powered off 
 + 
 + 
 +tun: Universal TUN/TAP device driver, 1.6 
 +tun: (C) 1999-2004 Max Krasnyansky <​maxk@qualcomm.com>​ 
 +e100: Intel(R) PRO/100 Network Driver, 3.5.24-k2-NAPI 
 +e100: Copyright(c) 1999-2006 Intel Corporation 
 +e1000e: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - 1.5.1-k 
 +e1000e: Copyright(c) 1999 - 2011 Intel Corporation. 
 +sky2: driver version 1.30 
 +PPP generic driver version 2.4.2 
 +PPP BSD Compression module registered 
 +PPP Deflate Compression module registered 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 24 
 +PPTP driver version 0.8.5 
 +ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 '​Enhanced'​ Host Controller (EHCI) Driver 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ Marvell Orion EHCI 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 
 +ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300) 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ irq 45, io base 0xfbc50100 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.0:​ USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 
 +hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ Marvell Orion EHCI 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ irq 46, io base 0xfbc51100 
 +ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.1:​ USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 
 +hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +hub 2-0:1.0: 1 port detected 
 +PCI: enabling device 0000:​00:​00.0 (0140 -> 0142) 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ Etron xHCI Host Controller 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ irq 58, io mem 0xf2000000 
 +ethub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +ethub 3-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ Etron xHCI Host Controller 
 +etxhci_hcd_130530 0000:​00:​00.0:​ new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 4 
 +ethub 4-0:1.0: USB hub found 
 +ethub 4-0:1.0: 2 ports detected 
 +mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice 
 +ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300) 
 +rtc-mv rtc-mv: internal RTC not ticking 
 +i2c /dev entries driver 
 +md: linear personality registered for level -1 
 +md: raid0 personality registered for level 0 
 +md: raid1 personality registered for level 1 
 +md: raid10 personality registered for level 10 
 +md: raid6 personality registered for level 6 
 +md: raid5 personality registered for level 5 
 +md: raid4 personality registered for level 4 
 +cpuidle: using governor ladder 
 +cpuidle: using governor menu 
 +mmc0: mvsdio driver initialized,​ lacking card detect (fall back to polling) 
 +oprofile: using arm/​mrvl_pj4b 
 +u32 classifier 
 +Netfilter messages via NETLINK v0.30. 
 +nf_conntrack version 0.5.0 (3918 buckets, 15672 max) 
 +ctnetlink v0.93: registering with nfnetlink. 
 +nf_conntrack_rtsp v0.6.21 loading 
 +GRE over IPv4 demultiplexor driver 
 +GRE over IPv4 tunneling driver 
 +nf_nat_rtsp v0.6.21 loading 
 +ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +arp_tables: (C) 2002 David S. Miller 
 +TCP cubic registered 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 10 
 +ip6_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team 
 +IPv6 over IPv4 tunneling driver 
 +NET: Registered protocol family 17 
 +Bridge firewalling registered 
 +Ebtables v2.0 registered 
 +L2TP core driver, V2.0 
 +PPPoL2TP kernel driver, V2.0 
 +8021q: 802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 
 +Registering the dns_resolver key type 
 +VFP support v0.3: implementor 56 architecture 2 part 20 variant 9 rev 6 
 +drivers/​rtc/​hctosys.c:​ unable to open rtc device (rtc0) 
 +md: Waiting for all devices to be available before autodetect 
 +md: If you don't use raid, use raid=noautodetect 
 +md: Autodetecting RAID arrays. 
 +md: Scanned 0 and added 0 devices. 
 +md: autorun ... 
 +md: ... autorun DONE. 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000000: 0x43e4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000004: 0x6723 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000008: 0xe316 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0000000c: 0x0c38 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000010: 0xf54b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000014: 0x79d2 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000018: 0x9261 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0000001c: 0xd368 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000020: 0x1879 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00000024: 0xcacb instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +Old JFFS2 bitmask found at 0x000052bc 
 +You cannot use older JFFS2 filesystems with newer kernels 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020000: 0x9780 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020004: 0x9cba instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020008: 0xba9f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0002000c: 0x1856 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020010: 0x4657 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020014: 0x9ea2 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020018: 0xf1fa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0002001c: 0x0856 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020020: 0xf16e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00020024: 0xf34d instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040000: 0x7bc9 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040004: 0x2b77 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040008: 0x0a1d instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0004000c: 0x3013 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040010: 0x62ae instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040014: 0x789b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040018: 0x46c8 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0004001c: 0xd4fa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040020: 0xe3f5 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00040024: 0xb870 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060000: 0xd224 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060004: 0xff7c instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060008: 0xe6b4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0006000c: 0x1c3e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060010: 0x87c9 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060014: 0xff53 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060018: 0x1f3f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0006001c: 0xbbbb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060020: 0x9fc7 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00060024: 0xf28f instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080000: 0x5721 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080004: 0xbfd6 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080008: 0x3d7e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0008000c: 0xfbaa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080010: 0xcf91 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080014: 0xbbe0 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080018: 0xceeb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0008001c: 0x75cb instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080020: 0xbfd7 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x00080024: 0xa7e8 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0000: 0x9ba6 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0004: 0x42aa instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0008: 0x599a instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a000c: 0x1038 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0010: 0xff8f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0014: 0x2cd4 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0018: 0xa950 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a001c: 0xfc7f instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0020: 0x6665 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x000a0024: 0xbf48 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600000: 0x4c2e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600004: 0x534b instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600008: 0x302e instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0160000c: 0x3030 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600010: 0x5741 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600014: 0x3931 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600018: 0x4341 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x0160001c: 0x2020 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600020: 0x3246 instead 
 +jffs2_scan_eraseblock():​ Magic bitmask 0x1985 not found at 0x01600024: 0x3435 instead 
 +Further such events for this erase block will not be printed 
 +VFS: Mounted root (jffs2 filesystem) readonly on device 31:5. 
 +devtmpfs: mounted 
 +Freeing init memory: 216K 
 +********************************************************************************* 
 +              _        _  __    _    __ _____ __   __ _____ 
 +             | |      | ||  \  | |  / // ____]\ \ / // ____]TM 
 +             | |      | ||   \ | | / /| (___   \ V /| (____ 
 +             | |      | || |\ \| |\ \  \____ \  \ /  \____ \ 
 +             | |_____ | || | \   | \ \  ____) | | |   ____) | 
 +             ​|_______||_||_| ​ \__|  \_\[____ /  |_|  [_____/ 
 + 
 + (c) 2013 Belkin International,​ Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
 + ​Booting blk-mamba (firmware version 1.1.8.161917) 
 +********************************************************************************* 
 +[utopia][init] System Initialization 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /proc 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /sys 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /dev 
 +[utopia][init] Creating /tmp 
 +[utopia][init] Allocating 50M for /tmp 
 +[utopia][init] Prepairing /dev/pts 
 +[utopia][init] Setting /tmp and /var permissions 
 +[utopia][init] Starting udev.. 
 +bdutil board utility kernel module, version 1.4 
 +bdutil board utility kernel module boardId (9) 
 +bdutil board utility gpio kernel module, version 1.3 
 +bdutil board utility buttons kernel module, version 1.4 
 +bdutil board utility LEDs kernel module, version 2.5 
 +mod_bdutil (leds): i2c-dev (0) LEDs driver initialized 
 +Attempting mount of ubifs syscfg partition 
 +UBI device number 0, total 296 LEBs (37584896 bytes, 35.8 MiB), available 0 LEBs (0 bytes), LEB size 126976 bytes (124.0 KiB) 
 +[utopia][init] Using persistent syscfg data from /​var/​config/​syscfg 
 +[utopia][init] Starting system logging 
 +[utopia][init] Starting sysevent subsystem 
 +net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_acct = 1 
 +watchdog running 
 +[utopia][init] Setting any unset system values to default 
 +[utopia][init] no persistence config file (/​var/​config/​pstcfg) found 
 +mac_setup.sh,​ setting up MAC addresses for all interfaces based on 94:​10:​3E:​9F:​CE:​4B 
 +Updating NTP Servers if necessary 
 +checking for interactive script start up... 
 +0x9000000 0x1000000 
 +0xa000000 0x1000000 
 +0xb000000 0x1000000 
 +0xc000000 0x1000000 
 +0xd000000 0x1000000 
 +0xe000000 0x1000000 
 +0xf000000 0x1000000 
 +0x10000000 0x1000000 
 +0x11000000 0x1000000 
 +0x12000000 0x1000000 
 +0x13000000 0x1000000 
 +0x14000000 0x1000000 
 +0x15000000 0x1000000 
 +0x16000000 0x1000000 
 +0x17000000 0x1000000 
 +Updating BootCount Page[43]:​15800 ... Done 
 + 
 +[utopia][init] Starting bdutil daemon 
 +BDUTIL daemon mode 
 +attempting to sync sysinfo.cgi auth credentials 
 +cpu temp monitor created 
 +Thu Oct 11 06:00:00 UTC 2012 
 +wdev0     no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1     no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +0x21010000 0x1000000 
 +0x3c010000 0x1000000 
 +wdev0ap0 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap1 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap2 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev0ap3 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap0 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap1 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +wdev1ap2 ​ no private ioctls. 
 + 
 +0x3d010000 0x1000000 
 +wifi, sysevent received: lan-started (Wed Oct 10 23:00:03 PDT 2012) 
 +wifi, service_start() 
 +Lighttpd Model Base: WRT1900AC 
 +Generating Rainier lighttpd config 
 +Build temporary www configuration directory:​ 
 +TSLIIHauhEfGE 
 +reset LAN ethernet port 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Registering Service myrouter._http._tcp.local port 80 
 +[utopia] Not setting ppp_clamp_mtu 
 +Got a reply for myrouter._http._tcp.local.:​ Name now registered and active 
 +wifi, wifi_physical_start(wdev0) 
 +[utopia] Not setting ppp_clamp_mtu on dslite protocol 
 +wifi_physical,​ iwconfig wdev0 commit 
 +Restarting nfqrecv service... 
 +wifi, wifi_virtual_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, wifi_user_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, primary AP: wdev0ap0 is up 
 +wifi, wifi_guest_start(wdev0) 
 +wifi, guest wdev0ap1 is disabled, do not start wifi guest 
 +wifi, wifi_physical_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi_physical,​ iwconfig wdev1 commit 
 +wifi, wifi_virtual_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, wifi_user_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, primary AP: wdev1ap0 is up 
 +wifi, wifi_guest_start(wdev1) 
 +wifi, guest wdev1ap1 is disabled, do not start wifi guest 
 +wifi, start_hostapd() 
 +Configuration file: /​tmp/​hostapd-wdev0ap0.conf 
 +Using interface wdev0ap0 with hwaddr 94:​10:​3e:​9f:​ce:​4c and ssid '​Linksys01799'​ 
 +Configuration file: /​tmp/​hostapd-wdev1ap0.conf 
 +Using interface wdev1ap0 with hwaddr 94:​10:​3e:​9f:​ce:​4d and ssid '​Linksys01799_5GHz'​ 
 + 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Failed to modify password entry for user guest 
 +Starting smbd ... 
 +</​code>​ 
 +</​p>​ 
 +</​HTML>​ 
 + 
 +  * **OpenWRT** 
 +    * <​HTML>​ 
 +<p style="​padding:​ 10px;​border:​1px solid grey;​height:​300px;​font:​10px/​14px Georgia, Garamond, Serif;​overflow:​Auto;​background-color:#​FFFFFF">​ 
 +<​code>​ 
 +Coming soon... 
 +</​code>​ 
 +</​p>​ 
 +</​HTML>​ 
 +===== Flashing Firmware ===== 
 +  * To update any of the above firmware builds, log into your WRT1900ac by opening a web browser, navigating to: [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] 
 +    * //Default password is **admin**//​ 
 + 
 +  * //​**Always**//​ update firmware using a **wired** [LAN] connection to your router, //​**NEVER**//​ over WiFi. 
 +    * <​html>​ 
 +<span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​ 
 +Failure to adhere to this substantially raises the probability you will brick your router 
 +</​span>​ 
 +</​html>​ 
 + 
 +You may want to save your old Linksys settings if you've changed any of them.  You **can'​t** import them into OpenWRT, but will be able to restore them should you need to revert back to stock firmware. To backup the Linksys settings: 
 +  - Select //​**Troubleshooting**//​ on the left, then //​**Diagnostics**//​ 
 +  - Under //**Router Configuration**//,​ look for //**Restore Configuration**//,​ and select //​**Backup**//​ 
 + 
 +=== OEM --> OpenWRT === 
 +  - Navigate to //​**Connectivity** - **Manual Update**//​ 
 +  - //**Choose File**// and select the OpenWRT //​**.img**//​ file downloaded from the links above 
 +    * Once flash completes, router will reboot: 
 +      * If the OpenWRT image you selected has LuCI pre-installed,​ simply navigate back to [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] and log in 
 +      * If the OpenWRT image you selected does not have LuCI pre-installed,​ telnet in and install LuCI 
 +        * <​code>​opkg update ; opkg install luci</​code>​ 
 + 
 +You may need to refresh the network connection of your PC: 
 +  * Simply unplugging the LAN cable, waiting 5 seconds, and plugging in back in should do. 
 +    * Worst case, reboot the PC.   
 +  * Some ISP's ASDL/cable modems won't let you back onto the Internet until you: 
 +    - Unplug modem //**and**// router //(~15 sec)// 
 +    - Turn modem back on //**and**// wait for it to fully boot //(~60 sec)// 
 +    - Turn router back on. 
 + 
 +If the firmware you chose has LUCI installed, navigate to [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] and log in.  Change the login password (none set initially):​ 
 +  * This is the **ADMIN** password for the router, **NOT** your //WiFi// password to connect devices. 
 +  * Please be aware, there is no confirmation for the password if set via the login page. It's advisable to set the password via the //System - Administration//​ page or via //telnet//, as it requests a confirmation. 
 + 
 +If the firmware does not have LuCI installed, you will need to telnet into your device using 192.168.1.1 to set an admin password via the command //passwd//. Once a password has been set, you can then use an SSH client to securely log into the router. 
 + 
 +  * WiFi is //​disabled//​ by default and you will need to set ESSIDs and passwords for the two [WiFi] radios. 
 +    * It is recommended to use WPA2-PSK and Force CCMP (AES), as both are the only secure means of encryption. 
 +      * **DO NOT**, //under any circumstances//,​ utilize WPS (WiFi Protected Setup); it's not even remotely secure 
 + 
 +=== OpenWRT --> OEM === 
 +  * It's recommended to first save your OpenWRT configuration for future flashing 
 +    * //System - Backup/​Flash Firmware - Generate Archive//  
 +    * **Note:** If jumping between big releases of OpenWRT, it's best **not** to restore settings, but instead to set them up by hand again from scratch. 
 + 
 +  - Download image version [[http://​www.protechs-online.com/​downloads/​FW_WRT1900AC_1.1.8.164461_prod.img|1.1.8]] first, using the instructions in the [[http://​wiki.openwrt.org/​toh/​linksys/​wrt1900ac?&#​obtaining_firmware_images|Obtaining Firmware Images]] section //[#5]//. 
 +  - Login to OpenWRT via [[http://​192.168.1.1|192.168.1.1]] 
 +  - //System - Backup/​Flash Firmware//​ 
 +  - Choose the Linksys OEM .img file saved [[http://​wiki.openwrt.org/​toh/​linksys/​wrt1900ac?&#​obtaining_firmware_images|above]],​ untick //Keep Settings//, then //Flash Image// 
 + 
 +  * When updating between OpenWRT builds/​releases,​ it's always recommended to flash back to stock **first**, then reflash OpenWRT from stock  
 +    * This is a precaution that ensures there are no problems in the flashing process. 
 + 
 +=== Image Formats === 
 +  * When flashing from Linksys firmware always use the "​factory"​ image. Preserving settings should not affect OpenWRT at all in either of these cases, as OpenWRT does not use the //syscfg// partition for its settings the way Linksys does. 
 + 
 +  * When flashing from OpenWRT, use the //​sysupgrade//​ image. Although the factory image will work, the sysupgrade image has the fringe benefit of preserving the UBI container between flashes, providing some wear-leveling. 
 +===== Stock Firmware Recovery ===== 
 +<​sup>​**contributed by edgeman**</​sup>​\\ 
 +Manually switch the WRT1900ac from a trashed [//stock//] flash to the secondary [backup] flash: 
 + 
 +  - Reset the router by holding the reset button in until the PWR light starts to flash {should take about 15 seconds} 
 +    * //Once Power LED stops flashing, power off the router with the power switch// 
 +  - Turn the power back on and the Power LED will light.  
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off the router with the power switch// 
 +  - Turn the power back on and the Power LED will light.  
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off the router with the power switch// 
 +  - Turn the power back on and the Power LED will light.  
 +    * //As soon as any other LED turns on, power off the router with the power switch// 
 +  - Turn the power back on and the Power LED will light.  
 +    * //Let router power up completely; it should now be on the alternate firmware//​ 
 + 
 +**Note:​**\\ 
 +<​sub>​**contributed by //​leitec//​**</​sub>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​This method only works if you had</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​auto_recovery</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ set to <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​on</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ in the boot loader.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * If you look at the serial output of the factory firmware while it's flashing a non-factory image, it'll output something about setting //​auto_recovery//​ to off, because it's not a recognized image. Kaloz recently changed the //​sysupgrade//​ process on the WRT1900ac so that it turns //​auto_recovery//​ on before flashing, ​ then off upon a successful boot of the new image. 
 +<​sub>​**contributed by //​kaloz//​**</​sub>​ 
 +  * <​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​In OpenWRT,</​span></​html>​ <​html><​span style="​color:​red;​font-weight:​bold;​font-style:​italic">​auto_recovery</​span></​html><​html><​span style="​color:​red;">​ is only enabled when you're flashing an image; after a successful boot, it's disabled.</​span></​html>​ 
 +    * If the new image doesn'​t boot, on the **third** try //​auto_recovery//​ kicks in and boots back the previous (working) version, disabling //​auto_recovery//​ again. 
 +===== TFTP Firmware Flash via USB - TTL ===== 
 + 
 +=== Requirements:​ === 
 +  * USB to TTL cable (see picture below for connectivity) 
 + 
 +  * A working serial interface like [[http://​www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/​~sgtatham/​putty/​download.html|PuTTY]] or [[http://​ttssh2.osdn.jp/​index.html.en|Tera Term]] (set speed to 115200 baud) 
 +    * If using PuTTY, [[http://​1drv.ms/​1BIvNLK|here]] is a pre-built profile to use for the serial connection 
 +  
 +  * A TFTP Server running on a client workstation connected to the WRT1900AC via LAN (such as [[http://​tftpd32.jounin.net/​|TFTP32]]) 
 +    * A pre-built TFTP32 config file can be found [[http://​1drv.ms/​1CAzn5I|here]] and must be placed in the TFTP root folder with the executable 
 +      * You will need to customize the //Base Directory// [BaseDirectory=D:​\TFTP\FLASH] to reflect your directory where the image file is located 
 +  * TFTP Server LAN configured with IP Address 192.168.1.20 
 +  * The firmware to load is in the TFTP Server ready for download. 
 +    * Your image file directory must not contain any spaces  
 +      * For example, //​D:​\TFTP\**Image-Directory**\image-name.img//​ 
 + 
 +  * The PuTTY pre-built profile is a registry key, so I've also uploaded the same as a text file; all three files (tftp32.ini,​ serial.reg, serial.txt) can be found [[http://​1drv.ms/​1KhyO7l|here]] 
 + 
 +=== Instructions:​ === 
 +  - With router off, connect USB to TTL cable to router serial port & PC  
 +    * //This assumes you've installed the USB-TTL drivers and set correct COM port & BAUD rate// 
 +  - Manually set your LAN IP to subnet 192.168.1.20/​24 [255.255.255.0] 
 +  - Load Serial profile in PuTTY (should be a blank terminal window) & open TFTP server  
 +  - Boot WRT1900AC (should see u-boot output in terminal window) 
 +  - At the 3 second interrupt boot delay, press any key 
 + 
 +=== U-Boot Commands: ===  
 +  * //the **exact** name of the firmware image must be input// 
 +  * //If you want to be 100% sure you're running a firmware image, flash the firmware to both the primary and secondary image locations by substituting://​ 
 +    * **run update_both_images** //in place of// **run flash_pri_image** 
 +<​code>​ 
 +setenv firmware_name firmware_image_name.img  
 + 
 +setenv ipaddr 192.168.1.1 
 + 
 +setenv netmask 255.255.255.0 
 + 
 +setenv serverip 192.168.1.20 
 + 
 +run flash_pri_image 
 + 
 +OR 
 + 
 +run update_both_images 
 +</​code>​ 
 +===== Video Tutorials ===== 
 + 
 +  * **//​Mac://​** [[http://​youtu.be/​hcmtxdHkB4Y|lifehacksback'​s Tutorial]] 
 + 
 +  * **//​Windows://​** <​sub>//​Coming Soon - by lifehacksback//</​sub>​ 
 + 
 +  * **//​Linux://​** <​sub>//​Coming Soon - by lifehacksback//</​sub>​ 
 +===== Serial Port ===== 
 +  * Serial Port is labeled **J1** on the board. 
 + 
 +^  Pin 1  ^  Pin 2  ^  Pin 3  ^  Pin 4  ^  Pin 5  ^  Pin 6  ^ 
 +|  GND  |  RX  |  ?  |  TX  |  ?  |  +3.3  |  
 + 
 +^  Serial Header w/attached JST PH6 cable  ^  Typical JST PH6 cable  ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_header.jpg?​direct&​408|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​jst_ph_6.jpg|}} ​ | 
 + 
 + 
 +**Header:**  
 +  * Utilizes a **JST PH 6 pin** connector with a **2.0mm pitch** 
 +    * The more common 2.54mm pitch connectors will not fit properly - this includes the female connectors on popular USB-TTL adapters; however, removing the plastic casing from 2.54mm female connectors allows for a stable enough connection in a pinch. 
 +  * The correct JST PH 6 connector w/cable can be purchased online (eBay listings are common). 
 + 
 +===== Arduino ==== 
 + 
 +You can use a USB-TTL converter (see below). You can also use an Arduino. 
 + 
 +|wrt1900ac|VCC 3,​3V|TX|RX|GND| 
 +|Arduino|3.3| PIN0 (RX)|PIN1 (TX)|GND| 
 + 
 +  * [[http://​www.arduino.cc/​en/​uploads/​Main/​ArduinoUno_R3_Front.jpg|Arduino]] 
 + 
 +===== MAX232 RS-232 Module =====  
 + 
 +  * The MAX3232 RS-232 Line Driver chip can be purchased as a breakout board from a number of sources, an example of this is shown below. 
 +    * This chip will convert the TTL level RS-232 signals to the standard 12v voltage used by most RS-232 interfaces. 
 + 
 + 
 +^  MAX3232 Board  ^  Underside of MAX3232 ​ ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_MAX3232.jpg?​direct&​300|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_MAX3232-2.jpg?​direct&​272|}} ​ | 
 + 
 + 
 +  * Boards will differ on exact connections,​ just be sure you connect the TTL side to the WRT1900AC, and the RS-232 side to your external connector. 
 + 
 +^  Philmore 504K  ^  Finished Connection ​ ^  
 +|  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_Serial_jack.jpg?​direct&​200|}} ​ |  {{:​media:​toh:​linksys:​wrt1900ac_serial_outside.jpg?​direct&​320|}} ​ | 
 + 
 +  * One example of a simple connection is the use of a 3.5mm stereo headphone jack, like the Philmore 504K, shown here, already wired to the output of the MAX3232 board. ​ Avoid using any 3.5mm jack smaller than this type, as there will not be sufficient threads for the nut that holds the jack to the casing. 
 +    * A number of companies sell pre-made cables with a 3.5mm plug to a DB9 Female connector, commonly DB9 Pin 2 (Rx) will be the tip of the 3.5mm jack, and DB9 Pin 3 (Tx) will be the ring on the 3.5mm jack, and DB9 Pin 5 (Gnd) will be the Ground connector on the 3.5mm. 
 +      * Inside the upper black housing, next to the antenna connector on the right side (front) of the unit, there is space for the 3.5mm socket. 
 +      * On the inside of this housing, there are several ridges top to bottom, using a diagonal cutter you can easily trim one of these off to make space for this connector. ​  
 +      * A 1/4" hole in the housing will let this mount easily. 
 +    * For final assembly, be sure to insulate your connections on the 3.5mm jack and the MAX3232 board. ​ Some clear heat-shrink tubing around the MAX3232 board would be ideal for this. 
 +==== Older news ==== 
 + 
 +<​sup>//​The following information has been superceded by current builds, and is included only for historical interest.// <​del>​WRT1900AC was announced on 6th of January 2014 as a router developed to be used with OpenWrt. Despite Linksys'​ announcement of working with OpenWrt community, no patches and no info were shared for the next several months. You can read the Official statement re: OpenWrt support for Linksys WRT1900AC at https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=230686 
 + 
 +  * On the 3rd of April 2014 Belkin posted link to ftp server containing patches adding WRT1900AC support. They couldn'​t be applied because of being incorrectly posted, not signed off and adding binary wireless driver ''​ap8x.ko''​. 
 +  * 5 days later a patchset in the form of single e-mail was posted to the openwrt-devel. It was malformed and not signed off, so still couldn'​t be applied. Release of wireless driver has been postponed. 
 +  * Linksys started shipping on 10th or April 
 +  * Wireless driver was [[https://​forum.openwrt.org/​viewtopic.php?​pid=242104#​p242104|announced to stay closed source]] on 30th of July. It'll likely consist of pre-built closed source part (so called "​library"​) and probably some open source file calling kernel APIs. 
 +  * Oddly, the wireless driver [[https://​github.com/​TheDgtl/​mrvl_wlan_v7drv|source]] was later distributed as part of the GPL release of the stock Linksys firmware. ​ This driver requires significant refactoring before it can be included in OpenWRT.</​del>​ 
 + 
 +<​del>​At this point it is not possible to compile a fully working (including WiFi) customized OpenWrt build for WRT1900AC. 
 +</​del>​
  
-FIXME TODO: copypaste from [[meta/​template_device]]+<​del>​On Christmas Eve 2014, Marvell released an updated driver for the 88W8864 WiFi chip as found in the WRT1900AC to the openwrt developers mailing list
  
 +https://​lists.openwrt.org/​pipermail/​openwrt-devel/​2014-December/​030229.html
  
-Manufacturer'​s site[[http://www.linksys.com/en-eu/products/routers/WRT1900AC | Linksys WRT1900AC]]+At this time it is now possible to compile an image off trunk with this new driver. A prebuilt image can be found herehttps://downloads.openwrt.org/​snapshots/​trunk/mvebu/ 
 +</del></sup>
  
 ===== Tags ===== ===== Tags =====
 For some Help with the Tags, please have a look here: [[meta/​tags]] For some Help with the Tags, please have a look here: [[meta/​tags]]
  
-{{tag>​GigabitEthernet FastEthernet 2NIC 2WNIC 5Port USB 1USB 802.11ac}}+{{tag>​GigabitEthernet FastEthernet 2NIC 2WNIC 5Port USB 1USB Serial MiniPCIexpress ​802.11ac}}
toh/linksys/wrt1900ac.1406926561.txt.bz2 · Last modified: 2014/08/01 22:56 by zajec