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toh:linksys:wrtsl54gs

Linksys WRTSL54GS

The Linksys WRTSL54GS is a wireless router similar to the WRT54G series, with a single USB port.

Supported Versions

Version/Model S/N OpenWrt Version Supported Model Specific Notes
WRTSL54GSv1.0 CJK0… Kamikaze
WRTSL54GSv1.1 CJK1… Kamikaze

v1.0 Hardware

Info

Architecture: MIPS
Vendor: Broadcom
Bootloader: CFE
System-On-Chip: BCM4704KPB
CPU Speed: 266MHz
Flash-Chip: Intel TE28F640J3C-120
Flash size: 8MB
RAM: 32MB
Wireless: Broadcom BCM4318EKFBG
Ethernet: Broadcom BCM5325FKQM
USB: NEC D720101F1
Serial: 2 internal (pads only)
JTAG: internal (pads only)

Interface diagram (per mbm)

                     .-OpenWrt---------------------.
                     | .-----.                     |
                     | | br0 |--------------.      |
                     | '-----'              |      |
                     |    |                 |      |
                     | .------. .------. .-------. |
                     '-| eth0 |-| eth1 |-| wlan0 |-'
                       '------' '------' '-------'
                          |        |        |
                          |        '---.    |
    .-switch--------------|----------. |    |
    | .-vlan0-------------|--.       | |    |
    | |                .--|--+-vlan1 | |    |
    | |[0] [1] [2] [3] | [5] | [4] | | |    |
    | '-|---|---|---|--+-----'     | | |    |
    |   |   |   |   |  '-----------' | |    |
    '---|---|---|---|----------------' |    |
        |   |   |   |      .-----------'    |
        |   |   |   |      |       .--------'
        |   |   |   |      |       |
    .---|---|---|---|------|-------|----.
    |  [1] [2] [3] [4]   [wan]   [wifi] |
    '-case------------------------------'
This design is different from many units which use a single interface to handle both LAN & WAN traffic, so performance should be better.

Note that internal switch port 4 is not externally available.

Hardware Hacking

Serial

As this is a USB device, the easiest way to add a serial port is to connect a USB-to-serial adapter cable, either directly to the onboard USB port or through a standard USB hub. Kernel drivers are provided for a few of the most common USB-to-serial adapters.

However, if you have installed OpenWRT, you will have noticed that two serial ports (/dev/tts/0 and /dev/tts/1) are already being detected by the kernel. These are internal to the unit, but lack a level-converter (a chip such as the MAX3232 will do the trick) and external connectors to bring them outside the box. The two internal serial ports do not provide RS232 handshaking signals; they do provide serial data in both directions.

2 serial ports in a 2x5 (10-pin) block near front of board, console on ttyS0 at 115,200 baud. No hardware flow control available. Pins are arranged in exact configuration for addition of an IDC-10 ribbon-cable connector. Unfortunately Linksys did not put one there so you will have to add your own. The signal from the WRT board is 3.3 Volt TTL however, so you cannot simply wire to a standard RS-232 connector as they operate at 12 Volts. You will need a circuit to convert the 3.3 Volt signal to a level that is usable by a host.

connector 1 2 3 4 5 defaults usage
JP4(ttyS0)3.3vTXRXNCGND115,200 baud, 8-n-1, noneconsole root shell
JP3(ttyS1)3.3vTXRXNCGND9,600 baud, 8-n-1, noneunused

When soldering to these connections, particularly pin 5, you need to apply quite a lot of heat. If you can, applying an iron to each side of the board helps.

See the serial page for discussion on wiring up serial ports. Possibly the easiest way is with a USB-serial adapter with 3.3V levels, such as the FTDI TTL-232R-3V3. This terminates in a standard 1/8" stereo jack, which makes for a neat external interface. Alternatively, a mobile-phone cable such as the DKU-5 can be easily modified to terminate in a stereo jack.

wrtsl54gs_serial.jpg

stereo-jack connector

tip(1)ring(2)sleeve(3)
TXRXGND

You have to cross TX and RX wires from the plug to the WRT board.

wiring diagram examples:

plugtoWRTSL54GS
1(TX)JP4-3(RX)
2(RX)JP4-2(TX)
3(GND)JP4-5(GND)

Note: When selecting the audio jack, make sure that the threaded end is long enough to poke through your case and still be able to attach the nut that secures it. Many common stereo plugs are for use with a thin metal faceplate and do not have sufficient depth of thread. The one pictured above is from Altex Electronics part number 502K, vincentfox reports that an identical part is available from Fry's/Outpost.com, Mfg Philmore, part number 504K.

GPIO

GPIO# Direction Location Name Function
0outputLEDC15DMZLED - DMZ
1outputLEDC9POWER LEDLED - Power
2outputRA59(back)??
3outputRA60(back)??
4inputPSW2buttonButton - SES
5outputLEDC13SES whiteLED - SES white
6inputPSW1RESETButton - reset
7outputLEDC14SES amberLED - SES amber

Basic configuration

Since this part is identical for all devices, see Basic configuration.

Connect stuff to the USB port

To connect stuff to the USB port, please see Connect stuff to the USB port.

Hardware Mods

JTAG

wrtsl54gs_jtag.jpg

No JTAG header is available. However, all basic pins are present on test points.

SRST and TRST haven't been identified, but ignoring them doesn't prevent JTAG from operating.

Be warned that soldering or probing on test points is fairly tricky. If you are using a cheap unbuffered cable, you only need to solder 5 wires since you won't be using Vcc line.

Both Xilinx and Wiggler cables should work - see JTAG Cables.

HairyDairyMaid's debricker is working, but currently requires /skipdetect and instrlen:8 options since the 4704 isn't in the list of supported processors. The 28F640J3 flash in the SL is in the known parts list of the debricker.

Dual USB

The board has tracking and mounting holes for a stacked dual-USB port, although it is only a single port is fitted. As an alternative to adding an external USB hub, remove the existing unit, and substitute with a dual. Stacked dual-USB port can be scavenged from an old/dead motherboard.

You'll need to cut an extra hole in the case, but with care, this can be done in just the sidewall, avoiding the lid.

Further USB 1.1 ports

There is a theoretical method (no attempts actually made) to add 3 more USB ports, but they are limited to being USB1.1, as the relevant pads for USB2.0 are not routed out from under the USB hub chip. In the image below, the blue dots are the existing USB2.0 traces to the socket, the yellow arrows are the untracked pads necessary for USB2.0, and the red dots are the necessary connections for the extra 3 potential USB1.1 ports. Obviously, the 0V and +5V connections will need to be made somewhere for each port as well, and some care will need to be taken to ensure the source can supply enough current.

ASCII

RAM

RAM upgrade to 64 MiB is possible by soldering the 20 missing resistors and a adding second 32 MiB chip. Noted in the Links section as having been done using a Micron MT46V16M16 which is pin-compatible replacement for the Hynix.

It is likely that by replacement of original RAM chip with a 64-meg one like Micron MT46V32M16, plus a second one at the unoccupied position, the memory could be upgraded to 128 megs.

LED10

The LED10 location at front of board contains no LED. Perhaps it is usable for something. But it does not appear to be connected directly to a GPIO pin as a voltmeter shows nothing when cycling all GPIO lines.

Autopsy photos 64 meg RAM upgrade Original exploration thread Spillover into OpenWRT

You can get the MAX233 parts kit here: Recent information was, an extra $6 added to kit price on request for an assembled version.

Another USB TTL convertor device

Tags

toh/linksys/wrtsl54gs.txt · Last modified: 2014/01/05 11:04 by danitool