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toh:mikrotik:rb133 [2012/11/27 00:51]
awm1
toh:mikrotik:rb133 [2014/04/16 21:07] (current)
danitool
Line 19: Line 19:
===== Installation ===== ===== Installation =====
-This article will be added soon, see [[http://wiki.openwrt.org/oldwiki/openwrtdocs/hardware/mikrotik/rb100|oldwiki]] now.+This article will be completed soon, see [[http://wiki.openwrt.org/oldwiki/openwrtdocs/hardware/mikrotik/rb100|oldwiki]] now. 
 + 
 +:!: If you flash OpenWrt from NetBoot facility, you will lose your RouterOS licence. 
 + 
 +The installation of OpenWrt on this board is only possible by using the NetBoot facility - you will boot into the RAMdisk version of OpenWrt and use it to flash the permanent OpenWrt image into NAND. You will need: 
 + 
 +  - A serial port (or a USB-RS232 serial converter) and a null modem cable as console (standard serial cable wont work). 
 +  - An ethernet port and cable to download the NetBoot kernel and the NAND image. 
 +  - A DHCP server to tell the RB1xx where to get it's netboot image (e.g. DnsMasq). 
 +  - A TFTPD server to supply the NetBoot image to load a barebone OpenWrt RAMdisk image (e.g. DnsMasq). 
 +  - A web server to serve up the [[permanent version] http://moverslos-angeles.net/] of the OpenWrt kernel and rootfs (you can use SCP as well). 
 + 
 +Connect your RouterBoard using both ethernet and null modem cable to a PC. 
 + 
 +==== Building images ==== 
 + 
 +See [[http://wiki.openwrt.org/doc/howto/build|official howto]] for more info. 
 + 
 +:!: If you select the squashfs image, it may take quite a few minutes for the device to power on. 
 + 
 +You will have to run the building process twice, because you will need both RAMdisk image and stock OpenWrt kernel+rootfs. 
 + 
 +Build profile should be: 
 +  * Target System:  
 +  * Target Profile:  
 + 
 +==== Installation on rb133c (italian) ===== 
 + 
 +Per installare openwrt sulla mikrotik rb133c è necessario un cavo seriale nullmodem collegato alla macchina locale, un cavo ethernet, oltre al corretto funzionamento di un server tftp e dhcp sulla macchina locale. 
 + 
 +Nel caso la rb133c abbia già montato openwrt è possibile passare direttamente alla sezione "scrittura della nand" 
 + 
 +===== boot da ethernet ===== 
 + 
 +Dopo aver collegato cavo seriale ed ethernet tra la rb133c ed il pc locale ed aver abilitato il server tftp e dhcp, copiare il file vmlinux opportuno nella root del server tftp e lanciare la console seriale. 
 + 
 +* minicom -D /dev/ttyUSB0 115200 
 + 
 +quindi accedere al terminale della console seriale, collegare la rb133c all'alimentazione e premere un tasto per blocccare la sequenza di boot. 
 + 
 + 
 +RouterBOOT booter 2.18 
 +RouterBoard 133C 
 +CPU frequency: 175 MHz 
 +  Memory size:  16 MB 
 +Press any key within 2 seconds to enter setup. 
 +... 
 +your choice: e - format nand 
 +Do you realy want to format your nand? 
 +that would result in losing all your data 
 +type "yes" to confirm: yes 
 +formatting nand... done! 
 +... 
 +your choice: p - boot protocol 
 +Choose which boot protocol to use: 
 +  1 - bootp protocol 
 +  2 - dhcp protocol 
 +your choice: 2 - dhcp protocol 
 +... 
 +your choice: o - boot device 
 +Select boot device: 
 +  e - boot over Ethernet 
 +  n - boot from NAND, if fail then Ethernet 
 +  1 - boot Ethernet once, then NAND 
 +  o - boot from NAND only 
 +  b - boot chosen device 
 +your choice: n - boot from NAND, if fail then Ethernet 
 +... 
 +your choice: x - exit setup 
 +... 
 +trying dhcp protocol.... OK 
 +resolved mac address 00:26:B9:03:BC:3B 
 +Gateway: 10.42.0.1 
 +transfer started .............................. transfer ok, time=2.47s 
 +setting up elf image... OK 
 +... 
 + 
 +===== scrittura della nand ===== 
 + 
 +Se nella rb133c è già presente openwrt è possibile upgradare il firmware direttamente via ssh, oppure anche da console seriale. 
 + 
 +root@OpenWrt:/# mkdir /mnt/kernel ; mount /dev/mtdblock2 /mnt/kernel 
 +yaffs: dev is 32505858 name is "mtdblock2" 
 +yaffs: passed flags "" 
 +yaffs: Attempting MTD mount on 31.2, "mtdblock2" 
 +root@OpenWrt:/# mkdir /mnt/rootfs ; mount /dev/mtdblock3 /mnt/rootfs 
 +yaffs: dev is 32505859 name is "mtdblock3" 
 +yaffs: passed flags "" 
 +yaffs: Attempting MTD mount on 31.3, "mtdblock3" 
 +root@OpenWrt:/# passwd 
 +Changing password for root 
 +New password: 
 +Retype password: 
 +Password for root changed by root 
 + 
 +A questo punto tornare sulla macchina locale, disabilitare il server dhcp, poi: 
 + 
 +sudo ifconfig eth0 192.168.1.10 netmask 255.255.255.0 up 
 +scp openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-vmlinux.elf root@192.168.1.1:/mnt/kernel/kernel 
 +scp openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar.gz root@192.168.1.1:/mnt/rootfs 
 + 
 +Quindi tornare nella console seriale per decomprimenre la rootfs e riavviare la rb133c. 
 + 
 +root@OpenWrt:/# cd /mnt/rootfs/ 
 +root@OpenWrt:/mnt/rootfs# gunzip openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar.gz 
 +root@OpenWrt:/mnt/rootfs# tar xf openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar  
 +root@OpenWrt:/mnt/rootfs# rm openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar 
 +root@OpenWrt:~# reboot 
 + 
 +A questo punto la rb133c dovrebbe essere in ascolto in telnet all'indirizzo 192.168.1.1. 
 + 
 + 
 +==== Linux howto ==== 
 + 
 + 
 +==== Windows howto ==== 
 + 
 +:!: Disable ANY firewall on your PC. 
 + 
 +  - Download [[http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html|Putty]], run it, select Connection type: **Serial**, Serial line: **COMx** (x = number, depends on your configuration), Speed: **115200**, and Open. 
===== Wireless ===== ===== Wireless =====
-Atheros-based card are supported. The device doesn't work with Broadcom cards, since kmod-ssb causes kernel panic at startup. +Atheros-based card are supported. The device doesn't work with [[Broadcom]http://moverslos-angeles.net/] cards, since kmod-ssb causes kernel panic at startup.
===== Useful sources ===== ===== Useful sources =====
This page has been assebled from a number of different pages from the oldwiki and current wiki. See them for more (possibily outdated) informations. This page has been assebled from a number of different pages from the oldwiki and current wiki. See them for more (possibily outdated) informations.
 +  *[[http://wiki.openwrt.org/oldwiki/openwrtdocs/hardware/mikrotik/rb100|RB1xx at oldwiki]]
  *[[http://www.routerboard.sk/files/pdf/rb133&133c_manual.pdf|RouterBoard 133 series user's manual (pdf)]] \\   *[[http://www.routerboard.sk/files/pdf/rb133&133c_manual.pdf|RouterBoard 133 series user's manual (pdf)]] \\
  *[[http://rb1xx.ozo.com/|rb1xx.ozo.com]]   *[[http://rb1xx.ozo.com/|rb1xx.ozo.com]]
 +
 +===== Tags =====
 +For some Help with the Tags, please have a look here: [[meta/tags]]
 +
 +{{tag>ADM5120 FastEthernet 1NIC 3WNIC 3Port 32RAM 64Flash MIPS MIPS32 4Kc}}

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toh/mikrotik/rb133.1353973914.txt.bz2 · Last modified: 2012/11/27 00:51 by awm1