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toh:mikrotik:rb133 [2012/11/27 00:51]
toh:mikrotik:rb133 [2016/08/31 17:23] (current)
^Active^ [Writing nand]
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 +====== Mikrotik RouterBoard RB133 ======
  
 +The device is supported in OpenWrt since Kamikaze.
 +
 +===== Hardware info =====
 +| **Architecture:​** ​    | MIPS                                                     |
 +| **Vendor:​** ​          | MikroTik, ADMtek (Infineon) ​                             |
 +| **Bootloader:​** ​      | RouterBOOT ​                                              |
 +| **System-On-Chip:​** ​  | ADM5120 (Little Endian) ​                                 |
 +| **CPU Speed:​** ​       | 175 Mhz                                                  |
 +| **Flash size:​** ​      | 64/128 MiB                                               |
 +| **RAM:​** ​             | 32 MiB SDRAM                                             |
 +| **Wireless:​** ​        | 3x Type III miniPCI slot                                 |
 +| **Ethernet:​** ​        | 3 x 10/100 Base-TX Ethernet Ports (with Auto MDI/​MDIX) ​  |
 +| **USB:​** ​             | no                                                       |
 +| **Serial:​** ​          | yes                                                      |
 +| **JTAG:​** ​            | no?                                                      |
 +
 +===== Installation =====
 +
 +This article will be completed soon, see [[:​oldwiki:​openwrtdocs:​hardware:​mikrotik/​rb100|oldwiki]] now.
 +
 +:!: If you flash OpenWrt from NetBoot facility, you will lose your RouterOS licence.
 +
 +The installation of OpenWrt on this board is only possible by using the NetBoot facility - you will boot into the RAMdisk version of OpenWrt and use it to flash the permanent OpenWrt image into NAND. You will need:
 +
 +  - A serial port (or a USB-RS232 serial converter) and a null modem cable as console (standard serial cable wont work).
 +  - An ethernet port and cable to download the NetBoot kernel and the NAND image.
 +  - A DHCP server to tell the RB1xx where to get it's netboot image (e.g. DnsMasq).
 +  - A TFTPD server to supply the NetBoot image to load a barebone OpenWrt RAMdisk image (e.g. DnsMasq).
 +  - A web server to serve up the [[permanent version]] of the OpenWrt kernel and rootfs (you can use SCP as well).
 +
 +Connect your RouterBoard using both ethernet and null modem cable to a PC.
 +
 +==== Building images ====
 +
 +See [[:​doc:​howto:​build|official howto]] for more info.
 +
 +:!: If you select the squashfs image, it may take quite a few minutes for the device to power on.
 +
 +You will have to run the building process twice, because you will need both RAMdisk image and stock OpenWrt kernel+rootfs.
 +
 +Build profile should be:
 +  * Target System: ​
 +  * Target Profile: ​
 +
 +To install openwrt on mikrotik rb133c a serial null modem cable is required on the local machine , an Ethernet cable , in addition to the proper functioning of a tftp and dhcp server on the local machine .
 +
 +If the rb133c has already mounted openwrt you can directly go to the " Writing nand "
 +===== booting from ethernet =====
 +
 +
 +Once you have connected the serial cable and ethernet between rb133c and the local PC and you enable the tftp and dhcp server , copy the vmlinux file in the appropriate TFTP server root and start the serial console .
 +
 +    minicom -d / dev / ttyUSB0 115200
 +
 +then access to the serial console terminal , connect the rb133c power and press any key to blocccare the boot sequence .
 +
 +RouterBOOT booter 2:18 RouterBoard 133C CPU frequency : 175 MHz  Memory size:  16 MB
 +
 +Press any key within 2 seconds to enter setup.
 +...
 +your choice: e - format nand
 +Do you realy want to format your nand?
 +that would result in losing all your data
 +type &​quot;​yes&​quot;​ to confirm: yes
 +formatting nand... done!
 +...
 +your choice: p - boot protocol
 +Choose which boot protocol to use:
 +   1 - bootp protocol
 +   2 - dhcp protocol
 +your choice: 2 - dhcp protocol
 +...
 +your choice: o - boot device
 +Select boot device:
 +   e - boot over Ethernet
 +   n - boot from NAND, if fail then Ethernet
 +   1 - boot Ethernet once, then NAND
 +   o - boot from NAND only
 +   b - boot chosen device
 +your choice: n - boot from NAND, if fail then Ethernet
 +...
 +your choice: x - exit setup
 +...
 +trying dhcp protocol.... OK
 +resolved mac address 00:​26:​B9:​03:​BC:​3B
 +Gateway: 10.42.0.1
 +transfer started .............................. transfer ok, time=2.47s
 +setting up elf image... OK
 +...
 +
 +===== Writing nand =====
 +
 +If you already have in rb133c openwrt you can upgrade the firmware via ssh , or even by serial console .
 +
 +  root@OpenWrt:/#​ mkdir /mnt/kernel ; mount /​dev/​mtdblock2 /mnt/kernel
 +  yaffs: dev is 32505858 name is &​quot;​mtdblock2&​quot;​
 +  yaffs: passed flags &​quot;&​quot;​
 +  yaffs: Attempting MTD mount on 31.2, &​quot;​mtdblock2&​quot;​
 +  root@OpenWrt:/#​ mkdir /mnt/rootfs ; mount /​dev/​mtdblock3 /mnt/rootfs
 +  yaffs: dev is 32505859 name is &​quot;​mtdblock3&​quot;​
 +  yaffs: passed flags &​quot;&​quot;​
 +  yaffs: Attempting MTD mount on 31.3, &​quot;​mtdblock3&​quot;​
 +  root@OpenWrt:/#​ passwd
 +  Changing password for root
 +  New password:
 +  Retype password:
 +  Password for root changed by root
 +
 +Now back to your local machine , disable the DHCP server , then :
 +
 +  sudo ifconfig eth0 192.168.1.10 netmask 255.255.255.0 up
 +  scp openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-vmlinux.elf root@192.168.1.1:/​mnt/​kernel/​kernel
 +  scp openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar.gz root@192.168.1.1:/​mnt/​rootfs
 +
 +Then return in the serial console to decompress the rootfs and restart the rb133c .
 +
 +  root@OpenWrt:/#​ cd /​mnt/​rootfs/​
 +  root@OpenWrt:/​mnt/​rootfs#​ gunzip openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar.gz
 +  root@OpenWrt:/​mnt/​rootfs#​ tar xf openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar ​
 +  root@OpenWrt:/​mnt/​rootfs#​ rm openwrt-adm5120-rb1xx-rootfs.tar
 +  root@OpenWrt:​~#​ reboot
 +
 +At this point the rb133c should listen to telnet to 192.168.1.1 .
 +
 +
 +==== Linux howto ====
 +
 +
 +==== Windows howto ====
 +
 +:!: Disable ANY firewall on your PC.
 +
 +  - Download [[http://​www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/​~sgtatham/​putty/​download.html|Putty]],​ run it, select Connection type: **Serial**, Serial line: **COMx** (x = number, depends on your configuration),​ Speed: **115200**, and Open.
 +
 +
 +===== Wireless =====
 +
 +Atheros-based card are supported. The device doesn'​t work with Broadcom cards, since kmod-ssb causes kernel panic at startup. ​
 +
 +===== Useful sources =====
 +This page has been assebled from a number of different pages from the oldwiki and current wiki. See them for more (possibily outdated) informations.
 +
 +  * [[:​oldwiki:​openwrtdocs:​hardware:​mikrotik/​rb100|RB1xx at oldwiki]]
 +  * [[http://​www.routerboard.sk/​files/​pdf/​rb133&​133c_manual.pdf|RouterBoard 133 series user's manual (pdf)]] \\
 +  * [[http://​rb1xx.ozo.com/​|rb1xx.ozo.com]]
 +
 +===== Tags =====
 +[[meta:​tags|How to add tags]]
 +{{tag>​ADM5120 FastEthernet 1NIC 3WNIC 3Port 32RAM 64Flash gt32flash MIPS MIPS32 4Kc}}