RouterStation Pro

CPU Ram Flash Network Gigabit USB Serial JTag
Atheros AR7161 128MB 16MB 3x1 Yes USB2.0x1 Yes Yes

安装固件

注意事项:routerstationrouterstation.pro的固件不兼容。请确定使用的固件适合你的设备。

1. 下载固件镜像"openwrt-ar71xx-ubnt-rspro-squashfs-factory.bin". (link here)

2. 启动设备并且按住复位开关直到进入恢复模式。

3. TFTP上传固件通过WAN接口,设备默认IP地址:192.168.1.20。

GNU/Linux tftp 192.168.1.20 -m binary -c put openwrt-ar71xx-ubnt-rspro-jffs2-factory.bin

升级固件

如果你已经安装OpenWrt可以用命令行升级到新版OpenWrt。在刷新固件之前把固件镜像上传到ramdisk(/tmp),这是非常重要的。

网页升级
命令行升级
  • SSH登陆设备

GNU/Linux:

ssh root@192.168.1.1

  • 用下面的命令进行升级
cd /tmp/
wget http://downloads.openwrt.org/backfire/10.03/ar71xx/openwrt-ar71xx-ubnt-rspro-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
sysupgrade -i /tmp/openwrt-ar71xx-ubnt-rspro-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin

硬件

Official Specification for Ubiquiti RouterStation Pro

1. Overall System Configuration

  • CPU Atheros AR7161 MIPS 24K running @ 680MHz
  • MEMORY DDR 128MB
  • FLASH SPI 16MB
  • 4-Port Gigabit Ethernet Switch
  • Three MINI-PCI Slots supports Type IIIA
  • USB 2.0 Host
  • Built in RS232/dB9 Connector
  • SDIO
  • On board Real Time Clock "RTC"
  • DC Power Jack
  • 802.3af 48V compatible

2. Power Supply Range 40VDC to 56VDC

  • Using Higher voltage is recommended since it will use lower current
  • Typical Power Consumption is 3W idle no radios present
  • 5W idle One Radio present
  • 7W while passing 1000Mbps traffic
  • Single RJ45 "J1" is for WAN and 802.3af compatible Power Over Ethernet
  • Supports high power POE up to 25W

3. Ethernet Interface

  • J1 Single WAN port 10/100/1000
  • J2 Tripple LAN Port 10/100/1000
  • 2 RGMII Ethernet Logical Ports to Ethernet Phy Switch -
    • 1 RGMII port for WAN Port
    • 1 RGMII port for LAN Ports
  • Ethernet Phy switch, Atheros AR8316

4. Real Time Clock "RTC" Interface

  • RTC Interface shares the SPI bus with the on board FLASH
  • Active high signal on SPI CS enables RTC, active low signal on SPI CS enables FLASH
  • Manufacture Part# PCF2123TS Download Datasheet

5. Supported IO

UART J3 6 pin Header Terminal Settings 115200 baud, 8 bits, nor parity, 1 stop bit.

Pin Out
Pin1 3.3VDC
Pin2 S_in
Pin3 NC
Pin4 NC
Pin5 S_out
Pin6 GND

JTAG Port "J4" 14 Pin header

Pin Out
Pin1 TRST Pin2 GND
Pin3 TDI Pin4 GND
Pin5 TDO Pin6 GND
Pin7 TMS Pin8 GND
Pin9 TCK Pin10 GND
Pin11 RST Pin12 NC
Pin13 NC Pin14 3.3VDC

USER GPIO Header "J33" Single Row 7 Pin Header Also next to it J5 dual row header to enable pull-up or pull-down for each GPIO user selectable in case User needs Active Low or Active High GPIO

J33 Pin out and Strapping option "place shunt to enable strapping option"

Pin Out NAME J5 STRAPPING
Pin1 GPIO_0 PULL LOW
Pin2 GPIO_1 PULL LOW
Pin3 GPIO_3 PULL LOW
Pin4 GPIO_4 PULL LOW
Pin5 GPIO_5 PULL HIGH
Pin6 GPIO_6 PULL HIGH
Pin7 GPIO_7 PULL HIGH

5. RESET BUTTON "SW4"

Uses GPIO_8 with weak pull-up, Active Low, for Resting back to factory defaults or multiple functions software dependent.

6. LED INDICATORS

Link/Act signals are connected to the Ethernet Phy Switch

LED NAME FUNCTION GPIO
D29 POWER 3.3VDC NA
D24 RF RADIO Act GPIO_2
DS4 WAN Link/Act NA
DS14 LAN1 Link/Act NA
DS12 LAN2 Link/Act NA
DS13 LAN3 'Link/Act NA

设备信息

Architecture: MIPS
Vendor: Atheros
Bootloader: RedBoot
System-on-Chip: Atheros (AR7161) MIPS 24K
CPU Speed: 680 Mhz
Flash-Chip:
Flash size: 16 MiB
RAM: 128 MiB DDR
Wireless: 3x 32-bit Mini-PCI slots (None included)
Switch: Atheros AR8316
Ethernet ports: 1+3
USB: Yes v2.0
Serial: Yes
JTAG: Yes

图片

串口

The RS Pro has a standard RS-232 connector. Note that the official photos, including the ones above, are wrong - the board, while wired as a DCE, has a male connector. To connect it to a PC, you will need a standard (not null-modem) serial cable (female to male) and a female/female gender changer.

That's different than, for example, MikroTik Routerboards, which are wired as a male DTE and require a null-modem cable.

JTAG

关于如何连接JTAG接口,如何刷新设备固件,请点击JTAG tools.

点击port.jtag查看更多关于JTAG的详细信息。

系统配置

网络接口

默认网络接口:

Interface Name Description Default configuration
br-lan LAN & WiFi 192.168.1.1/24
eth1 LAN ports (1 to 3)
eth0 WAN port DHCP

LAN和WiFi是br-lan的桥接网络. WiFi因为安全原因默认禁用。

交换端口(for VLANs)

数字4,3,2是端口1,2,3的标记,数字5是和其它交换端口隔离的WAN接口,0是路由器内部连接。注意:配置VLAN,端口1的数字是4。vlan0 = eth1.0, vlan1 = eth1.1,以此类推。

Port Switch port Notes
WAN 5 physically* separated and connected to eth0
LAN 1 4
LAN 2 3
LAN 3 2
n/a 1 No external connector, unusable
CPU 0

*可能需要重新连接到交换端口,RB450G的RouterOS需要执行这个操作。

安全模式

忘记密码,启动脚本损坏,错误操作或者JFFS2分区损坏,可以进入到OpenWrt安全模式恢复。

启动安全模式

  • 断开设备电源
  • 计算机直接连接路由器LAN1接口
  • 计算机设置一个在192.168.1.2到192.168.1.254之间的IP地址,例如:192.168.1.2(网关和DNS无需设置)
  • 连接设备电源,并且等待DMZ指示灯点亮
  • DMZ指示灯正常点亮,按住路由器的按钮直到设备开始复位和设置安装
  • 如果操作正确,DMZ指示灯每秒快速闪烁3次
  • telnet到设备,IP地址192.168.1.1 (无用户名和密码)

安全模式如何操作?

注意事项: 根文件系统在安全模式是只读模式的SquashfsFS。现在,运行mount_root转换到正常的可读写根文件系统模式。

1. 恢复路由器密码

 passwd 

2. 恢复路由器IP地址

 uci get network.lan.ipaddr 

3. 因为意外运行'ipkg upgrade'或安装一个较大的软件包导致flash空间不足(清除JFFS2分区的所有内容)

 mtd -r erase rootfs_data 

完成所需事项,可以直接重启路由器进入正常模式

Buttons

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zh-cn/toh/ubiquiti/routerstation.pro.txt · Last modified: 2011/03/10 21:31 (external edit)