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This wiki is read only and for archival purposes only. >>>>>>>>>> Please use the new OpenWrt wiki at https://openwrt.org/ <<<<<<<<<<

關於本專案

OpenWrt 是一種針對嵌入式設備(通常是無線分享器)且具備高度可擴展性的 GNU/Linux 發行版本。和其他針對這些分享器的發行版本不同的是,OpenWrt 是從基礎建構成為一個功能齊全、易於修改的作業系統以提供您的分享器使用。在實踐使用上,這意味著您可以擁有只包含您需要的功能、比其他的發行版本更強勁而不臃腫的 Linux 內核。

OpenWrt是什麼?

OpenWrt提供了包含選擇性套件管理的完整可寫入檔案系統,而不是僅嘗試創建一個單一且無法變動的韌體。這使您免於被供應商所提供的應用選項及設置之限制,並可讓您使用套件以自訂可適合於任何應用的嵌入式設備。對於開發人員來說,OpenWrt提供了一個可構建應用程序的框架,而無需自行建立完整的韌體映像及發行。對於使用者來說,這意味著可完全自訂的自由,可以從供應商從未想像過的方式來使用嵌入式設備。

  • 免費及開源。 本專案基於GPL許可證為完全免費且開源。本專案旨在將完整原始碼始終託管於容易存取的站點以供隨時可用且易於構建。
  • 簡易及自由存取。 The project will always be open to new contributors and have a low barrier for participation. Anyone shall be able to contribute. We, the current developers, actively grant write access to anyone interested in having it. We believe people are responsible when given responsibility. Just ask and you will be able to acquire the access rights you need.
  • 社群驅策。 This is not about 'us' offering 'you' something, it is about everyone coming together to work and collaborate towards a common goal.

OpenWrt has long been established as the best firmware solution in its class. It far exceeds other embedded solutions in performance, stability, extensibility, robustness, and design. It is the clear-cut goal of the OpenWrt developers to continue to expand development and ensure that OpenWrt is the foremost framework for innovative and ingenuitive solutions.

To really understand OpenWrt, you need to read about the OpenWrt build system!

What is it not?

OpenWrt is not intended to be a distribution you can load onto an embedded device and expect to do everything you want out of the box. Instead, the OpenWrt framework allows you to tailor your embedded operating system to your own particular needs. At the very least, you should add features you require to the bare OpenWrt installation by installing software packages, such as a graphical web interface that provides easy access for beginners. Installing such packages is easy to learn, but requires a minimal understanding of the OpenWrt system and some Linux skills, all of which are explained in this wiki.

Compared to other distributions, OpenWrt may also not be regarded only as "true end-user firmware". While it is used as such by many users that seek the high customisability that OpenWrt provides, there are also other distributions (many based on OpenWrt) that offer a more complete feature set in the main package. These distributions provide more of an end-user experience for common use cases in a specific area. Otherwise, if you want a fully extendable Linux-based operating system for your device, OpenWrt is perfectly usable by anyone and is easy to set up and learn.

Why does OpenWrt seem so stripped and bare?

Because the OpenWrt ​Project is The Bazaar of embedded routing and does not bother ​to be a Cathedral (see The Cathedral and the Bazaar, http://​www.catb.org/​esr/​writings/​homesteading​). OpenWrt is designed to be user friendly, with an easy to use package management system. You just have to pick the desired components, configure them and in doing so build your own Cathedral. You can also build OpenWrt from source yourself instead of relying on pre-built images. There are numerous other projects built upon OpenWrt which do exactly that.

What are the objectives?

  • OpenWrt will never be a product, but something which makes it easy to build a product.
  • OpenWrt will never be finished, never be complete, but will always be tracking the progress of technology.
  • OpenWrt will never be specific, it will always remain generic.
  • OpenWrt will never be the cathedral, it will simply supply the building blocks to construct one.

Why does it say "Wireless Freedom"?

Because by employing OpenWrt you can achieve exactly that. This article for advanced users may help you to get started with that.

Why should I run OpenWrt?

Because the open architecture enables you to use stateful packet inspection, intrusion detection, and any number of other things that normally require several thousand dollars worth of hardware or proprietary commercial software to do effectively.

At the moment, there are more than 2000 software packages in the official repository, and many more provided by the community. The number of packages is evidence of the effectiveness of the OpenWrt build system, which provides the opportunity to easily port packages and create your own firmware.

How can I contribute?

Whether it be just an urge to fix that aggravating behavior that is not to your liking, or if you just want to share some ideas, we are always welcoming new people to contribute. Since we are completely community-driven, we rely on the users to lend their time and expertise to develop the project further. The OpenWrt community is very active and consists of many very dedicated people. The core development of the OpenWrt code base is where the biggest architectural changes and decisions happen.

In addition, since OpenWrt is very modular, maintaining the many packages also constitutes a large part of development. Additionally, well-written documentation is just as important as the development itself. In your own journey of getting OpenWrt to do what you want, it is always helpful for you to update this wiki with new or improved information. Of course all help is welcome to make OpenWrt even better. Everyone is animated to contribute by actively participating in the forum, report bugs and share their findings with fellow community members.

Remember that contributing means taking a look at the bigger picture, to see if something you want changed is benefiting the project as a whole, and not only you and your company. Also, if you are new to OpenWrt and are setting up your first installation, remember that learning and reading is an important part of the process; by figuring things out for yourself and solving problems on your own, you will pick up a better grasp of the subject and you will probably enjoy yourself in the process. In case you need some nudge in the right direction, there are many people who are willing to help you. Of course, after you solve your own problem, be sure to give back to the community by nicely documenting what you did, to save others some time (and rob them of the joy of solution finding)!

Please don't be deterred by the lack of the common marketing fuzz. OpenWrt presents itself in a very simple way, basically the OpenWrt Wiki and the OpenWrt Forum, and even lacks a cool logo, yet it is a very mighty and ubiquitous software solution for a vast number of use cases.

Working with a community

Working with a community does not mean (just) making the code available! Contributing means actively presenting your code to the people who work in that area and then participating in the discussions that fall out of it:

  • The real contribution you can make to OpenWrt/the Linux kernel is not necessarily a large number of lines of code – it's letting us know about things we haven't thought about yet. And if we do work out how to solve these problems in a mutually satisfactory way so that everyone wins. We like interesting problems.
  • Maybe you are inventing new interfaces because you are dealing with problems we have not thought about yet. There is no way we can know what those problems are just by looking at the code. So always try to document anything important that you do.
  • If you want to help make OpenWrt better, remember: everyone wants to help, but not everyone is as knowledgeable as you. The community atmosphere is what counts, and educating each other is an important step in bringing this project to new heights.

Good Design and Software

« A designer knows he has achieved perfection not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to take away. »
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

« Good designs arise only from evolutionary, exploratory interaction between one (or at most a small handful of) exceptionally able designer(s) and an active user population. »
Unknown

« Generosity is giving more than you can, and pride is taking less than you need. »
Khalil Gibran

Projects adopting OpenWrt

See this article on Wikipedia for a list of projects that are based on OpenWrt, either as a project that closely follows OpenWrt development or as a fork in the past. Notably:

  • Gargoyle - Closely follows OpenWrt development. Features its own web interface through which advanced funtionality can be configured.
  • DD-WRT - Adopted the OpenWrt kernel in the past.
  • CoovaAP - Wireless access point firmware based on CoovaChilli which is based on (now defunct) Chillispot.
  • FON - Company operating WiFi access points, made available by customer's devices.
  • ROOter - Free OpenWrt-based firmware that converts many conventional routers with USB port(s) into 3G/4G/LTE capable modem/ routers. Supports modems at near their full throughput potential, provides detailed real time modem information display and much more. Other USB device support is developing. ROOter objectives.
  • Doodle3D - Making 3D printing easy, built on top of OpenWRT.
  • Turris OS - fork of OpenWrt used in router Turris Omnia. Turris is a not-for-profit research project of CZ.NIC. Each user of the service obtains a Turris router, which can, besides serving as a normal home router, also analyze the traffic between internet and the home network, and identify suspicious data flows.

Resources

zh-tw/about/start.txt · Last modified: 2018/01/30 05:20 by hentai_ojisan